I installed regular gnome-software to be able to install Flatpaks as well. Right after I did that, all was fine: I could see both "Software" and "Ubuntu software" in the launcher overview and launch either of them.

However, after a restart, I could no longer see Ubuntu Software, and installed Snaps weren't present in the menu anymore either. I have since uninstalled gnome-software, un- and re-installed both Ubuntu Software (snap remove snap-store and snap install snap-store) and the Snap app I'm testing with, and restarted, but I still can't see them.

Why did that happen?

As requested by pomsky:

$ ls /var/lib/snapd/desktop/applications/



The .desktop launchers associated to the Snap Store and other snap applications are present in your /var/lib/snapd/desktop/applications/ directory. Under a normal circumstance GNOME Shell should be able to detect them and show them in the application list. But the output of echo $XDG_DATA_DIRS shows that this directory is not a part of your XDG_DATA_DIRS. So add the /var/lib/snapd/desktop/ directory to your XDG_DATA_DIRS.

Also as a workaround, you may copy the required .desktop launchers from /var/lib/snapd/desktop/applications/ to your ~/.local/share/applications/ directory. For example, for the Snap Store app, you can do that by running

cp /var/lib/snapd/desktop/applications/snap-store_snap-store.desktop ~/.local/share/applications/
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    Thanks! I added /var/lib/snapd/desktop/ to my $XDG_DATA_DIRS, and now I can see my applications again. The only change since before is that "Ubuntu Software" is now called "Snap Store", so I'm not sure if I can still use it to install Debian Packages. – Vincent May 11 at 14:33

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