The feature set of the desktop as currently designed includes these keystrokes listed below as per GNOME project documentation. Others require additional steps to be added.
System AKA Super AKA Windows Switch between overview and desktop
Alt+F1 Switch between overview and desktop
Alt+F2 Pop up command dialog
Alt+Tab Pop up application switcher
Alt+Shift+Tab Cycle in reverse direction in the application switcher
Alt+~ Switch between windows of the same application in Alt+Tab
Ctrl+Alt+Tab Pop up accessibility switcher
Ctrl+Shift+Alt+R Start and end screencast recording
Ctrl+Alt+Up/Down arrow Switch between workspaces
Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Up/Down arrow Move the current window to a different workspace
Super+Right/Left arrow resize & move window to take up right/left half of current workspace
Super+Shift+Right/Left arrow move window to right/left monitor
More combinations may be added. Go to Settings->Devices->Keyboard. You’ll see all the keyboard shortcuts here for your system. Scroll down to the bottom and you’ll see the Custom Shortcuts option, where you can add more.
Apps can add their own key combinations, For example, the Ctrl+Shift+N combination you mentioned is built into both GNOME Terminal and VScode.
Other desktops have other features and may have other keystroke combinations.