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I have followed all the instructions on the winehq page. In particular, I have run the following commands:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main' 

The first three of the above seemed to work fine. However, the last command gives me the following error:

Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
 winehq-stable : Depends: wine-stable (= 5.0.0~bionic)
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

I'm running Lubuntu 18.04.3 on a USB live stick. (However, if I remember correctly, a couple days ago I got the exact same error on a normal hard disk Lubuntu 18.04.3 installation.)

I've read that a lot of people get similar errors. Unfortunately I haven't found any solutions online that worked.

Any help would be much appreciated. Thanks!

EDIT: Thanks for the comments and suggestions everyone. I'll try them out later today.

In the mean time, here's something I don't understand. Ubuntu 18.04 has been around for almost two years now. In all that time, surely somebody has successfully installed wine, right? What did they do to get it working?

  • you selected i386. maybe try a 64-bit architecture if you are on a 64-bit machine – Kenivia Jan 25 at 2:36
  • You have held broken packages; thus fix the issues you already have. eg. try sudo apt -f install. Also note 'live' systems work from a created '/' file system in memory; it's not very big (regardless of how many gb/tb of ram you have, it's size is pre-determined so it'll boot in 1gb-128gbs of ram) so you can eventually reach that limit in a 'live' system then it's easier to reboot & start again in my experience than fix (due space problems on /) – guiverc Jan 25 at 2:40
  • The package mentioned isn't from a Ubuntu source (packages.ubuntu.com/…) – guiverc Jan 25 at 2:41
  • I'm experiencing the exact same issue. I'm running those commands from a Dockerfile when building a Docker image based on ubuntu:18.04. – Sergio Jan 25 at 3:24
  • i have tried to install this too on ubuntu 18.04 and on 19.10 installs normally from software senter but it will not start when i try to launch it and it is not visible in programs(it shows as installed in software senter)i have tried v4 and the latest version 5.0,from what i have found on the net the problem is known atleast in version 5.0. – trond hansen Feb 9 at 16:10
35

Analysis

The WineHQ repository misses the dependencies for wine-stable package.
I have reported a bug 48513 to WineHQ bugzilla.

The main problem here is bad documentation, which is written in non-reproducible way.
The Rosanne DiMesio's main idea is "People who don't bother to read the directions are always going to have problems.".

So we need to write our own documentation until WineHQ-officials become smarter.

The problem with dependencies was caused by the FAudio dependency, which is not contained in Debian/Ubuntu and WineHQ repositories. We can determine the exact package name by using command below and analyzing of their output:

$ sudo apt-get install wine-stable-amd64
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
 wine-stable-amd64 : Depends: libfaudio0 but it is not installable
                     Recommends: libcapi20-3 but it is not going to be installed
                     Recommends: libodbc1 but it is not going to be installed
                     Recommends: libosmesa6 but it is not going to be installed
                     Recommends: libsdl2-2.0-0 but it is not going to be installed
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

The aforementioned libfaudio0 package is available only for Ubuntu 19.10 and upcoming 20.04 LTS.


Solution

We need to follow official WineHQ guide for Ubuntu partially:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo apt update

Note: if you have WineHQ repository added - remove it with

sudo apt-add-repository -r 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main' 

to prevent the mess of repositories and then proceed.

Then we need to add other repository from OpenSuse Build Service to get libfaudio0 installed:

wget -nv https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_18.04/Release.key -O Release.key
sudo apt-key add - < Release.key
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_18.04/ ./'
sudo apt-get update

and only after this install one of WineHQ packages:

# Stable branch     
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

#Development branch     
#sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel

#Staging branch     
#sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging
| improve this answer | |
  • Well it seems to be working. Thank you so much! – Ben W Jan 26 at 21:25
  • This solution works. Wine has been successfully installed, and I verified it by installing and running a windows program. – Ben W Jan 26 at 21:38
  • I can't add the repo. I get: # apt-add-repository 'deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/xUbuntu_18.04/ ./' Malformed input, repository not added. – Danie de Jager Jan 27 at 8:00
  • 1
    In my case, all steps were successful until the very last sudo apt install which still gives the exact same error. This is for i386; amd64 installs fine now, but only having that doesn't give me a wine executable. Btw, the developers deemed the bug report 'invalid' and they also added an ambiguous warning about libfaudio0 at their install page. – Mark Jeronimus Jan 29 at 8:47
  • 1
    I still get an error: "The following packages have unmet dependencies: winehq-stable : Depends: wine-stable (= 5.0.0~bionic)" – lefterav Mar 30 at 10:45
1

As another temporary solution, you may install previous version with command

apt-get install -y --install-recommends winehq-stable=4.0.3~bionic \
wine-stable=4.0.3~bionic wine-stable-amd64=4.0.3~bionic wine-stable-i386=4.0.3~bionic

It can be upgraded after maintainers fix their repository.

| improve this answer | |
0

If the installation of winehq-stable gives the same error even after following all the steps in @N0rbert's answer.

Execute this command given in this link

sudo apt-get install libgnutls30:i386 libldap-2.4-2:i386 libgpg-error0:i386 libxml2:i386 libasound2-plugins:i386 libsdl2-2.0-0:i386 libfreetype6:i386 libdbus-1-3:i386 libsqlite3-0:i386

I had the same problem and this worked for me.

| improve this answer | |
  • I had installed the proprietary codecs stuff during the initial install of lubuntu, so maybe that's why I didn't need to use this additional command. Otherwise, it was a pretty fresh install, so I'm not sure why it didn't work for you. – Ben W Jan 31 at 14:25
0

Just an FYI, the Wine team have no intention of updating their misleading documentation, so this will continue to be problem on any distro based on 18.04 LTS:

The problem is with your system, not the packages.

You are probably missing FAudio, which is now a dependency for wine-stable, as stated clearly at the top of https://wiki.winehq.org/Ubuntu. The wiki also directs users to https://forum.winehq.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=32192 for instructions on how to install FAudio for bionic. Apparently you overlooked that part.

If that doesn't fix it, follow the instructions in https://wiki.winehq.org/FAQ#How_do_I_solve_dependency_errors_when_trying_to_install_Wine.3F to figure out exactly what dependencies you are missing. If you need further help, ask for it on the forum. Bugzilla is not for user support.

Friendly.

| improve this answer | |
  • lol............. – Ben W Feb 9 at 15:12

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