I have a 3rd generation Scarlett 2i2 USB Audio Interface. It has two inputs and two outputs. The two inputs are treated as stereo mics by default. Settings -> Sound -> Input shows one device: "Analog Input - Scarlett 2i2 USB". However, I want to have the two inputs to be separated so I can pick either one in an app.

For example, in Firefox, when something wants to use the mic, I can choose the 2i2 and both inputs will be used. I want to be able to send either the left or the right input to an app, but not both.

How would I change Pulse / Alsa so that the Audio Interface is split into two Virtual Input Devices, one with the left input, one with the right?


Yes, you can do it. Thanks to ductility of pulseaudio you can manage input and output, source and sink of your sound card of your applications.

I do not know any already-done example/exercise, so you have to deal with it (at least start) by yourself.

As @CL stated above, this is a great source to start with. Here another useful place.

Finally, I suggest some GUIs: pavucontrol and paprefs, that can help you in this trip.


Well, thanks to mattia's answer, I found that there is a difference between sinks and sources. A sink is an output, a source is an input. First, I ran pacmd list-sources and found the line channel map: front-left,front-right. These are the inputs I am trying to separate. I then formed this line to put in /etc/pulse/defaults.pa:

load-module module-remap-source source_name=2i2_Left_Mic source_properties="device.description='2i2 Left In'" master=alsa_input.usb-Focusrite_Scarlett_2i2_USB_Y8J9ZC3950FFF9-00.analog-stereo master_channel_map=front-left channel_map=front-left

The master value came from pacmd list-sources, and the channel maps at the end are the what make this work. I am taking the physical left from the input, and mapping it to the virtual left for my reamp source. Here is what the line for the other side looks like:

load-module module-remap-source source_name=2i2_Right_Mic source_properties="device.description='2i2 Right In'" master=alsa_input.usb-Focusrite_Scarlett_2i2_USB_Y8J9ZC3950FFF9-00.analog-stereo master_channel_map=front-right channel_map=front-right

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