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This post answered a number of my questions.

Ubuntu Hyper-V Guest Display Resolution Win 10 + 15.04

  1. It appears that Windows 10 virtual machine Hyper-V will run Ubuntu.
  2. There are graphics drivers included.
  3. There is a way to solve display resolution problems on high res screens.
  4. It will work on a SurfacePro 3
  5. Ubuntu 15.04 works as a guest OS

That leaves just several other questions.

What version should I install to run OpenCPN (linux version) for the next 1-2 years?

I think I would like a graphic interface like Gnome, I did use Unity for a while.

How much disk space is generally required?

I have 190gb free but would like to keep the use down.

PS: I just installed the MS App Ubuntu 18.0LTS into the Windows 10 virtual space and it appears to just be a "Terminal" version with Bash and some other utilities, which does not have GTK. I tried to run OpenCPN which is graphics intensive and uses openGL and it fails. See the Opencpn thread here

PSS: I just realized that I was using WSL "Windows Subsystem for Linux", not Hyper-V! Windows Subsystem for Linux Installation Guide for Windows 10 which is an easy switch in the Windows settings. It looks to me like this will support any installation of linux. I don't know about use of clipboard between guest and host yet.

PSS: Can anyone confirm that they have been using Ubuntu in Windows10 "WSL"?

Additional Information Custom Linux Installs and "Sideloading" Creating a Custom Linux Distro for WSL

Roll your own and submit to MS for approval

It appears that this June there will be a new Windows Store app for Ubuntu 19.04 using WSL2

See "When can I try this?" at the bottom

However I believe this Store app is just for the "Terminal" version and not the full version. I will need the fully operable version of 18.04 or 19.04 with Gnome and Gtk etc. to run OpenCPN (graphics intensive opengl)

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    you tagged virtualbox as well, this means you know about it/are willing to use it instead of Hyper-V? I personally would recomend sticking with ubuntu, but take the latest : 19.04. 18.04 is LTS but unfortunatelly even though it's a legitimate heir to the LTS throne, it's a bit of a Joffrey. – tatsu May 24 '19 at 14:37
  • Thank you Tatsu. Yes, Vbox is fine and I can go back to it if necessary. Thought I would try Hyper-V, however I suspect it does not have the advantage of interoperable clipboard paste and copy with the host system and guest, a question I should get answered. I will use 19.04 as you suggest! Thank you. – rgleason May 25 '19 at 11:20
  • it doeas actually. virtualbox happens to be the first to have supported it. if you're satisfied with my answer, you can mark it with the checkbox. – tatsu May 25 '19 at 12:02
  • I'm new to this forum and will check you answer. I guess I should ask subsequent questions separately! Thanks. – rgleason May 25 '19 at 12:52
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I recommend ubuntu 19.04 then ubuntu 20.04 LTS when it comes out next year

and VirtualBox for the VM software.

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I'm using Ubuntu 18.04 LTS on WSL. I still use WSL 1 because WSL 2 still is very buggy, and communication with the XServer and pulseaudio is broken if I use WSL 2. I run both BASH sessions and a number of GUI apps.

Some GUI apps do not work, like the gnome-software app. Some do, like Synaptic, gnome-commander, and quite a few others others. It takes experimentation and some additional software to run them.

I also am using VcXsrv X Server 1.20.1.4 for Windows and pulseaudio 1.1 for Win32 so that I can get sound with firefox. I have cupsd service set up to autorun when I logon to Windows (so I can print from firefox and so forth), along with the XServer and pulseaudio.

This has allowed me to use various Linux apps side by side with Windows apps without using a full virtual machine. And I run them using shortcuts in I put in the Windows 10 Start Screen. But, if you want to run gnome and such, you will need to use Hyper-V unless you use VirtualBox. They don't play nice together so you will need to disable Hyper-V if you plan to use VirtualBox.

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