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I'm currently implementing a private Docker Registry server with nginx configured to forward https traffic securely to the running Docker Registry (i.e. docker-compose) instance on a private network (with DNS, DHCP configured).

I have the entire setup working as expected, but had to create self-signed certificates as I'm not permitted to use "Let's Encrypt" (hard requirement). I've deployed the .crt file to /usr/local/share/ca-certificates on all the Ubuntu hosts on my network, and updated the certificate store (i.e. via sudo update-ca-certificates -f).

However, even though the certificate is "trusted" (from the step above), the certificate is still registered as "self-signed", and the only way I can get Docker Registry working fully is by creating a file, /etc/docker/daemon.json, with the following contents (assuming my Docker Registry instance is running on the registry host on my lan domain):

{
  "insecure-registries" : [ "registry.lan:5000" ]
}

This causes some functionality to break (i.e. there are some plugins that won't work if "insecure registries" are enabled).


Question

How can I configure my private network (i.e. assuming it isn't even connected to the internet most of the time) so that all machines on the network "fully trust" the certificate (i.e. so the cert is "publicly trusted" amongst hosts on the local network)? i.e. what command can I run or config file can I tweak?

This seems like a possible solution: create a CA plus server key on my private network.

Thank you.

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It's not enough to add your cert into /usr/local/share/ca-certificates. You have to make sure that it has read chmod for others and also add its relative path into /usr/local/share/ca-certificates.

Let's say your cert is /usr/local/share/ca-certificates/self-signed/yourcert.crt

You should edit /etc/ca-certificates.conf

sudo editor /etc/ca-certificates.conf

and add its relative path, relative to /usr/local/share/ca-certificates/ to be exact.

So it should be something like:

self-signed/yourcert.crt

Then run

sudo update-ca-certificates

You should see 1 certificate added in the above command output.

Keep in mind that this cert will be trusted only on this specific host. You need to also deploy it into your docker containers if you want it to be trusted internaly.

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