36

When working remotely I set a server to force an fsck at boot time with the sudo touch /forcefsck command and rebooted.

After it restarted I checked in /var/log/fsck for the results of the disk check.
Both checkfs and checkroot said: Nothing has been logged yet

So where is it saving the results?

  • Having the same problem on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. I found the fsck log in /var/log/boot.log. – user143312 Mar 25 '13 at 16:01
15

Possibly you are affected by this bug: "Does not log fsck invocations in /var/log/fsck/"

  • Most likely. Shouldn't be surprised anymore that it's probably not going to be addressed... – Bart Silverstrim May 22 '12 at 15:33
  • This affects us in a very negative manner as well - we're on EC2 and when servers reboot we need details of things like this. How can this possibly be considered a 'wishlist' item? This is core functionality, and it's broken. – tamale Nov 13 '13 at 15:11
  • @tamale You're fully right. I got hit by this too. My / partition had a nasty quirk, and when entering recovery mode, it forced an e2fsck on it. This is perfect, but as it's really hard to remember which files to replace from backup, one must be able to track down the file names reportedly corrupt. – syntaxerror Aug 12 '15 at 20:48
13

For Ubuntu 14.xx:

I found some fsck logs in /var/log/upstart/mountall.log.

  • 1
    Welcome to Ask Ubuntu. ;-) There used to be a bug in 11.10 at the time, so your answer on a new system right now doesn't add any value to this 3 year old question. For the future: look at a question's date and whether there already is an answer. ;-) – Fabby Mar 30 '15 at 9:56
  • 4
    @Fabby but for future visitors it still might be useful, I think? The version is given (@Shay do you mean 14.04 or 14.10?) and therefore I would say it is a valid answer, although it might not help the OP (who found a solution 3 years ago...) – Byte Commander Mar 30 '15 at 15:00
  • I've added a tag to help search engines show this as an old question. – NGRhodes Mar 30 '15 at 15:18
  • Absolutely right! :-) That's why I just left a comment. For the record: I didn't down-vote! ;-) – Fabby Mar 31 '15 at 7:38
  • 1
    @Byte Commander This supposedly "old" question helped me a LOT indeed! I would never have guessed that fsck logs would be hidden away in /var/log/upstart/mountall.log resp. /var/log/upstart/mountall.*.log.gz. Fairly illogical. HOWEVER, it seems that the file names reported to be corrupt were not logged, just their inodes. – syntaxerror Aug 12 '15 at 20:52
5

For Ubuntu 16.04

The command journalctl -b --no-pager | grep systemd-fsck

reports non root partition file system checks.similar to this:

Mar 22 15:06:26 64bitUbuntu systemd-fsck[750]: /dev/sdb1: clean, 146223/121454592 files, 356711795/485818368 blocks

For root partition checks at boot issue the command more /var/log/boot.log

Provides results similar to this:

/dev/sda2: clean, 349091/1954064 files, 2379983/7814912 blocks
5

For Ubuntu 16.04 and 18.04 root partitions

You're likely looking for /run/initramfs/fsck.log.

An fsck of the root filesystem necessarily happens before the root filesystem has been mounted as writable, so the filesystem check occurs early in the boot process while the system is still running from the initramfs. An fsck log is written to a RAM-backed filesystem (tmpfs) that is available for writing at this time, and it continues to be available after boot at /run/initramfs/fsck.log. This is volatile storage, so fsck logs are lost once the system reboots. It would be nice if these logs were copied to non-volatile storage after the root filesystem is mounted as writable, but this does not appear to be the case.

Here's an example:

$ lsblk
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 238.5G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0   512M  0 part /boot/efi
└─sda2   8:2    0   238G  0 part /

$ cat /run/initramfs/fsck.log 
Log of fsck -C -a -V -t ext4 /dev/sda2 
Fri Nov 30 22:35:21 2018

fsck from util-linux 2.31.1
[/sbin/fsck.ext4 (1) -- /dev/sda2] fsck.ext4 -a -C0 /dev/sda2 
/dev/sda2: clean, 653295/15597568 files, 6658147/62383360 blocks

Fri Nov 30 22:35:21 2018
----------------
  • 1
    For root partitions, this appears to be the only correct answer for 16.04 + systemd. – Jonah Braun Mar 25 at 14:14
2

Testing this with Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS and I found the log on /var/log/boot.log

└❯ grep -A 1 fsck /var/log/*
/var/log/boot.log:fsck from util-linux 2.20.1
/var/log/boot.log-/dev/vda1: 209262/2621440 files (0.1% non-contiguous), 3239494/10485504 blocks
0

For Ubuntu 18.04

The command journalctl -b --no-pager | grep systemd-fsck and grep systemd-fsck /var/log/syslog

both report non root partition file system checks.similar to this:

Sep 25 16:06:29 me-Z370-HD3P systemd-fsck[615]: Scratch: clean, 19/6520832 files, 555602/26081280 blocks
Sep 25 16:06:29 me-Z370-HD3P systemd-fsck[609]: /dev/sda1: clean, 47014/89374720 files, 294970235/357492992 blocks
Sep 25 16:06:29 me-Z370-HD3P systemd-fsck[613]: /dev/sda5: clean, 6707/32727040 files, 7464312/130885120 blocks

Checks of root partitions mounted by UUID results don't appear to be logged even if forced.

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