So what I'm trying to ask is say I want to download Firefox. If I use 'sudo apt-get install firefox' does it get it from the Firefox website or some third-party repository? Or is using 'apt-get install' the same as getting it from the website?

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    enter apt-cache policy firefox and you'll see where it'll come from. Your sources provide where software will come from, and any priority rates given dictate if one is used over another. – guiverc Mar 16 '19 at 3:13

So most of the packages you'll get using apt will be from the official distributor/creator, excluding a package from a ppa (personal package archive). Here is some info about apt. As @guiverc commented you can use apt-cache policy <package> to check where a package has come from, but also the version you have and the version you can update the package to using apt. If you want to make sure you're installing the latest version possible it's recommended to get the application from the provider's website. There's a vetting process for distributors to push their updates to the official apt repositories.

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  • firefox: Installed: 65.0.1+build2-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 Candidate: 65.0.1+build2-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 Version table: *** 65.0.1+build2-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 500 500 ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-updates/main amd64 Packages 500 security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic-security/main amd64 Packages 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status 59.0.2+build1-0ubuntu1 500 500 ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic/main amd64 Packages Here is my output, does that mean Firefox comes from ubuntu? – ChrisD93 Mar 17 '19 at 17:36
  • If you installed it via apt it's coming from the ubuntu repositories. 65.0.2 is the latest release. – NSwanson7 Mar 18 '19 at 3:59

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