I am having some trouble partitioning. I'll try to explain everything from the beginning. I have two laptops, 1 and 2.
On laptop 1 I have only Ubuntu 18.04 installed, and I made a backup of my system by following the instructions here. On laptop 2 I installed Gentoo on
dev/sda, following a tutorial on Youtube. The partitions
dev/sdaX for X=1,2,3,4 are
root, respectively. The Gentoo installation completed successfully - it would boot up to a CLI fine and I could move around and edit files.
I tried to do the following: Install Ubuntu alongside Gentoo on laptop 2, and restore the copy of laptop 1 onto this partition. First, I had to resize some partitions. In the Gentoo install, I made
sda4 take up the remainder of the drive. On the Ubuntu live disk I ran Gparted and resized
sda4 to take up around 20 GiB, and made the remainder of the drive (partition
sda5) available for Ubuntu.
During the Ubuntu installation I chose "install Ubuntu alongside Gentoo", and divided it to save around 20 GiB and leave the rest for Ubuntu. I misunderstood this part - the net consequence was that
sda5 was resized to 20 GiB, and the remainder of the drive (
sda6) contained Ubuntu. The rest of the installation was successful, and I restored my backup from laptop 1. It seems like it completed successfully, because I can mount
sda6 and all the right files are there. Importantly: at this step I had booted from grub into the new Ubuntu install, and Gentoo was still available from the menu.
I tried to reboot, and got a GRUB menu that only had Ubuntu in it. Confusing, but ok. I tried to boot into Ubuntu and got the following errors:
error: no such device XXXXXX error: no such partition error: you need to install the kernel first
I ran the
boot-repair script and it said it failed;
I got the following pastebin: http://paste.ubuntu.com/p/nJ3r2dZ5sy/
Restarting, my boot menu now has Ubuntu and Gentoo available. I have tried to boot into Gentoo and got in just fine. I tried to boot into Ubuntu and the power up dots are lit, but it seems to hang there. If I tap the power button then it shuts down in a safe-looking way, but it doesn't get to the login screen or anything.
If it's possible to tell, did I do anything wrong? If so, what, and how do I fix it/avoid it in future? I still have my backup so reinstalling ubuntu on
sda6 or whatever and restoring again is an option. But I'd like to understand it a bit better.