Currently running Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. I'm trying to install Ndless and the SDK that goes with it so I can write programs in C and run them on my calculator. Anyways, I was wondering if somebody could explain the following step from the installation guide.

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I am not very familiar with environment variables, but I assume

[path_to_ndless] is just a placeholder and you aren't meant to literally assign that to whatever export PATH is. My question then is, are you supposed to create the path then and there, or was it already created by running SDK's build_toolchain.sh script? If it's the latter, how do you see what the path is?

This is what my .bashrc file looks like. There is a single PATH variable at the bottom. Am I supposed to edit that specific variable with the required ndless folders, or do I create a new variable below it?

# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
    # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
    # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
    # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'

    alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'

# Add an "alert" alias for long running commands.  Use like so:
#   sleep 10; alert
alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '\''s/^\s*[0-9]\+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//'\'')"'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion

# Private binaries
export PATH=$PATH:~/.bin

1 Answer 1


The steps are:

  1. Open a terminal with the keyboard command Ctrl + Alt + T

  2. Open ~/.bashrc in gedit:

    gedit ~/.bashrc
  3. Add this line to the file:

    export PATH="[path_to_ndless]/ndless-sdk/toolchain/install/bin:[path_to_ndless]/ndless-sdk/bin:${PATH}"  

    Here the [path_to_ndless] is simply the path to where you droped the ndless-sdk folder when you installed it. Remove that placeholder text and replace it with that path value. Say you placed that git repo in /home/georgek/ndless then your path to add into ~/.bashrc would be:

    export PATH="/home/georgek/ndless-sdk/toolchain/install/bin:/home/georgek/ndless-sdk/bin:${PATH}"
  4. Save the file and close gedit.

  5. Now to get your environmental variables you just added to show in your currently opened terminal run the command:

     source ~/.bashrc

Please note several things:

  • This ~/ means /home/$USER, where $USER mean your username, mine being georgek.
  • So I could have also written /home/georgek/.bashrc
  • Do I need to add a separate PATH variable or do I just edit the one at the bottom underneath the line that says # Private binaries ? Feb 1, 2019 at 21:43
  • Also, would this work? export PATH="/home/nicholas/Ndless/ndless-sdk/toolchain/install/bin:/home/nicholas/Ndless/ndless-sdk/toolchain/../bin:${PATH} It's not the same as the prototype in the tutorial, but I got a terminal message after running the build_toolchain.sh script that said "don't forget to add these files to your environment variables", and they were in this format. Feb 1, 2019 at 21:49
  • 1
    Please add it undér that line you referred to and source the file. Feb 2, 2019 at 2:33

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