I have install simple web service (MediaWiki) in my local server. In my DSN server I have set IP address to this webserver, so now when I call in browser (this works only in my domain IP range) www.mydomain.com I get website of Apache, when I call www.mydomain.com/mediawiki then my site of mediawiki is open.

Can I make that in browser (still I whant this to work only in domain range) I call www.mydomain.com that opens - redirects to www.mydomain.com/mediawiki?


1 Answer 1


For this purposes you need to change the content of default Virtual Host configuration file 000-default.conf that is located in /etc/apache2/sites-available/. Or you can create a new Virtual Host configuration file, then you must disable 000-default.conf and enable the new one.

Let's assume you decide to create a new VH configuration file, lets call it my.wiki.org.conf, it should be located in /etc/apache2/sites-available/ and its content should be something as:

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerName my.wiki.org
    ServerAdmin your-admin@email.com

    # According MWiki Manual:Security
    php_flag register_globals off

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/my.wiki.org.error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/my.wiki.org.access.log combined

    <FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
        SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

    <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
        SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

    DocumentRoot "/var/www/my.wiki.org"

    <Directory "/var/www/my.wiki.org">  
        Options None FollowSymLinks
        #Allow .htaccess:
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted

    # According to MWiki Manual:Security
    <Directory "/var/www/my.wiki.org/images">
        Options -Indexes
        # Allow .htaccess files
        AllowOverride All
        # Serve HTML as plaintext, don't execute SHTML
        AddType text/plain .html .htm .shtml .php .phtml .php5
        # Don't run arbitrary PHP code.
        php_admin_flag engine off
        # If you've other scripting languages, disable them too.

    # According to MWiki Manual:Security
    <Directory "/var/www/my.wiki.org/images/deleted">
        Deny from all           
        AllowOverride AuthConfig Limit
        Require local


Then disable 000-default.conf, enable my.wiki.org.conf and restart (or reload) Apache's configuration:

sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf
sudo a2ensite my.wiki.org.conf
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

The key point here is that you changed DocumentRoot of the Virtual Host to the installation directory of MediaWiki. I assuming here this directory is /var/www/my.wiki.org.

In addition if you want to serve your wiki articles by my.wiki.org/wiki/Article_name, instead of my.wiki.org/index.php/Article_name, you can add the following lines in the .htaccess file, located in the DocumentRoot directory:

<ifModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteRule ^/?wiki(/.*)?$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/index.php [L]

    RewriteCond %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}%{REQUEST_URI} !-f
    RewriteCond %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}%{REQUEST_URI} !-d
    RewriteRule ^/?images/thumb/[0-9a-f]/[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]/([^/]+)/([0-9]+)px-.*$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/thumb.php?f=$1&width=$2 [L,QSA,B]

    RewriteCond %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}%{REQUEST_URI} !-f
    RewriteCond %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}%{REQUEST_URI} !-d
    RewriteRule ^/?images/thumb/archive/[0-9a-f]/[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]/([^/]+)/([0-9]+)px-.*$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/thumb.php?f=$1&width=$2&archived=1 [L,QSA,B]

And modify your LocalSettings.php as follow:

$wgScriptPath = "";
$wgScriptExtension = ".php";
$wgArticlePath = "/wiki/$1";

References about this additional part:

For test purposes you could add some lines, as the shown below, in your /etc/hosts file to access your wiki via FDQN instead of localhost or IP address in your LAN (more details): localhost my.wiki.org  # access my.wiki.org from the same machine my.wiki.org        # access my.wiki.org that is hosted on another LAN machine with IP

One more security note for public servers:

Read also:

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