When I use putty from a Windows box to linux (without X11 installed), is there an alternative to xsel or xclip? xclip/xsel need X11. I would like to pipe the complete shell command output to the clipboard which I then paste on the Windows box to an application. I would like not to have to install all the X11 dependencies xsel and xclip need on those linux servers. Is this possible? Dan
The clipboard itself is a feature of X11, so you will not be able to use it without having any X11 server instance running anywhere. More about that below.
xsel don't have the X11 server as dependency, they only need some client libraries installed. You should install
xsel though if you want to have as few packages as possible, as it has significantly less dependencies than
xclip (compare the output of
apt depends --recurse --important xsel and
apt depends --recurse --important xclip).
Back to the X11 server. You said you don't want to install a full graphical X11 server stack on your headless Ubuntu server, which is not necessary. That requires you to have an X11 server running on your local client instead though, if you want to use its features like the clipboard.
On a Linux desktop client this is no problem, as you already have X11 running there usually, but on Windows you don't. Luckily there seems to be a small X11 server version for Windows too, called Xming.
Once you have that running and configured, you should be able to forward your local X11 session via SSH (using PuTTY) to your headless server. There you can then use e.g.
xsel to interact with it and access your local clipboard.
More details about how to set up Xming, PuTTY and the SSH server for X11 forwarding can be found in these posts:
If using a modified PuTTY is an option to you, you might want to look at this patch to PuTTY, which adds custom escape sequences to copy to and paste from Windows clipboard. It also ships a small
winclip shell script that can be used to access the Windows clipboard from the target Linux/Unix host.
The patch is for PuTTY 0.53b (over ten years old), there's a rebase to PuTTY 0.60 here but that's still an old version. You might need some work to adapt it to latest PuTTY (0.70 at time of this writing) but it might just apply without any changes since PuTTY codebase has been mostly stable at this point. So perhaps this might be useful to you.
The patch is unlikely to be accepted to official PuTTY, since the escape sequences are custom and not really part of any standards, so unlikely to be officially supported by PuTTY in its official distribution.
script logs the whole dialogue
The compiled program
script is a program in the package
bsdutils in the repository 'main' in Ubuntu. It saves the whole dialogue in a text screen, terminal window or remote connection. You can run
script in your server.
The default name of the log file is
typescript in the directory where you start
script, but you can select another name if you start
script with a parameter (alias argument)
script and run some commands:
sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ LANG=C script my-script.log Script started, file is my-script.log sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ echo 'Hello World' Hello World sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ pwd /home/sudodus/test sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ ls my-script.log sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ exit exit Script done, file is my-script.log
Check the log file:
sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ cat my-script.log Script started on 2019-01-21 19:50:22+0100 sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ echo 'Hello World' Hello World sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ pwd /home/sudodus/test sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ ls my-script.log sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $ exit exit Script done on 2019-01-21 19:50:52+0100 sudodus@bionic64 ~/test $
PuTTY on Windows side allows copying on-screen text via set of shortcuts. If the output of command is too large, consider using
nc on Ubuntu server and
ncat on Windows client ( available from nmap.org ).
On Ubuntu, execute
$ command > output.txt # port 1234 is just an example, you can use your own port of choice $ nc -N -l 1234 < output.txt
On Windows , use
PS C:\Users\Admin> & 'C:\Program Files (x86)\Nmap\ncat.exe' <ip of the server> 1234 --output foo.txt
The output saved on server will be transferred into
foo.txt on the client.