I am trying to write a shell script to create multiple .xml files based on the data read from .csv. I need the help on how to make the loop for each .xml file creation.

Rough algorithm for this script

  • set the in and out files in the script
  • create any function or do while or for to read the each line from .csv
  • create a .xml file with the name of emp-gid in any separate folder

Sample Employee.csv


Sample .xml structure

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

My shell script

echo '<?xml version="1.0"?>' > $OutputFile
echo '<fi:organisation>' >> $OutputFile
echo     '<fi:Company>' >> $OutputFile
echo         '<fi:DEPARTMENT>Account</fi:DEPARTMENT>' >> $OutputFile
echo         '<fi:department-key>ABC123</fi:department-key>' >> $OutputFile <-- want to increment by one for all xml file (ABC123,ABC124..) -->
echo         '<fi:department-id>121</fi:department-id>' >> $OutputFile <-- want to increment by one for all xml file (121,122,123,..) -->
echo     '</fi:Company>' >> $OutputFile
while IFS=$',' read -r -a arry
  echo       '  <fi:Employee>' >> $OutputFile
  echo          '    <fi:emp-gid>'${arry[0]}'</fi:emp-gid>' >> $OutputFile
  echo          '    <fi:country>'${arry[1]}'</fi:country>' >> $OutputFile
  echo      '  </fi:Employee>' >> $OutputFile
done < $InputFile
echo '</fi:organisation>' >> $OutputFile

This above script only generates one .xml file with all records. But I would like to expect some function or script which can generate separate .xml files for each row in the .csv file and put it into the separate folder.


I would do this:

# a printf format string
xml_template=$(cat <<'XML'
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

dept_key=100         # choose suitable initial values

while IFS=, read -r emp_gid country; do
    printf "$xml_template" \
            $dept_key_prefix \
            $((dept_key++)) \
            $((dept_id++)) \
            "$emp_gid" \
            "$country" \
        > "$emp_gid.xml"
done < Employee.csv
  • Thanks Glenn..Your script works. But when i tried to redirect to the generated xml to some other directory , the behavior is different and i could only see one xml is generated. Lets say i want to redirect the generated xml to this path "Xml_dir=/tmp/pos/xmldir". I declared this variable and used as follows ---$Xml_dir/"emp_gid.xml"-- in your script. But it doesn't work as expected. can you please correct what i missed. – karthik Dec 24 '18 at 4:12
  • you appear to have removed the $ from the $emp_gid variable. – glenn jackman Dec 24 '18 at 4:34
  • After added $ as suggested , it works fine. In addition, i am also planning to send these generated xml files to input of one of our another existing script. Like ourscript.sh <gid01.xml> and upon successful execution,this script continue to pick another xml. Would you suggest any logic/sample code to achieve this in your the above script? Thanks.. – karthik Dec 24 '18 at 4:49

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