3

I am writing a bash script to perform a daily backup. This script will ultimately run automatically every morning (cron or systemd).

What I would like to accomplish is

  1. Stop myservice
  2. Perform backup procedures
  3. Start myservice

The bash script I have created looks something like this:

# Stop myservice
systemctl stop myservice.service

# Do all the backing up here...

# Start myservice
systemctl start myservice.service

The issue I am having is that when I run this script, it requires my password during the systemctl stop/start calls. If this is to run automatically, obviously it can't require a password every time. How do I run this script automatically without requiring this password?

Ubuntu 18.04

Thanks!

5

You have multiple possibilities, depending on your needs and preferences.

An apparent approach …

… would be to run the whole script as user root by adding it to root's crontab (using sudo crontab -e). It won't need any password then when systemctl stop/start myservice.service is run. The downside is that you may need to run the backup tasks as another user (say noslenkwah) and have to switch to that other user for the backup. Example:

# Stop myservice
systemctl stop myservice.service

# Do all the backing up here...
# ... and run the backup_command as user "otheruser":
sudo -u noslenkwah /path/to/backup_command --with --some --options

# Start myservice
systemctl start myservice.service

Another approach …

… would be to add the systemctl commands to a file in the /etc/sudoers.d directory so that a specific user may run them without supplying a password.

  1. issue sudo visudo -f /etc/sudoers.d/noslenkwah (The filename, noslenkwah doesn't matter, it is just a personal habit of mine to name the files after the "main" user affected by the settings in that file. It just needs to be a file below the directory /etc/sudoers.d.)

  2. Add the following lines and save the file.

    Cmnd_Alias MYSERVICE = \
        /bin/systemctl stop myservice.service, \
        /bin/systemctl start myservice.service
    
    noslenkwah ALL = (root) NOPASSWD: MYSERVICE
    

This allows the user noslenkwah to run sudo systemctl stop myservice.service and sudo systemctl start myservice.service without a password. It defines a socalled command alias (collection of commands) named MYSERVICE and then allows

  • the user noslenkwah
  • on ALL computers
  • as user root
  • without a password
  • to run the commands defined by MYSERVICE

Replace noslenkwah and myservice with the actual username and service name. Note that you really must issue sudo systemctl start myservice.service for this to work (not sudo systemctl start myservice (without .service, for example).

Don't care about the "on ALL computers" part. This is relevant only if you intend to distribute the very same sudoers file to multiple computers.

You would then change your backup script to

# Stop myservice
sudo systemctl stop myservice.service

# Do all the backing up here...
/path/to/backup_command --with --some --options

# Start myservice
sudo systemctl start myservice.service

and have it run as user noslenkwah.

4

Run this shell script as root.

For example, put it in the root crontab: sudo crontab -e

Your Answer

By clicking "Post Your Answer", you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, and that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.