This is known problem with latest 4.4.0-139-generic, 4.4.0-140-generic and 4.4.0-141-generic Linux kernels.
On launchpad it is known as bug 1803929 (currently confirmed by 17 users).
The temporary solution is to use 138 ( 4.4.0-138-generic ) kernel.
So I have deleted 139, 140 and 141 kernels by:
sudo apt-get purge linux-image-4.4.0-139-generic linux-headers-4.4.0-139-generic \
linux-image-4.4.0-140-generic linux-headers-4.4.0-140-generic \
sudo apt-get install amd64-microcode intel-microcode thermald
sudo apt-get autoremove
and wait for 142+ kernel with the fix.
Warning: do not upgrade kernel to 4.4.0-139-generic, 4.4.0-140-generic or 4.4.0-141-generic if you need to keep your data safe on USB 3.0 external disks. Subscribe to the bug 1803929 and after the confirmation of the fix - install newest kernel back with
sudo apt-get install linux-image-generic linux-headers-generic .