Each time I want to convert
jpg file to
convert *.jpg pictures.pdf
I have this error message:
convert: not authorized `pictures.pdf' @ error/constitute.c/WriteImage/1028.
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This problems comes from a security update: https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/imagemagick/8:22.214.171.124-7ubuntu5.13
Someone reported it as a bug: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/imagemagick/+bug/1796563
As a temporary fix, I edited
/etc/ImageMagick-6/policy.xml and changed the PDF rights from
read|write there. Not sure about the implications, but at least it allows me to get things done.
Fixed this on my Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS and 18.04.6 LTS by following accepted answer.
Created simple sed one-liner to get this fixed faster:
sudo sed -i 's#<policy domain="coder" rights="none" pattern="PDF" />#<policy domain="coder" rights="read|write" pattern="PDF" />#' /etc/ImageMagick-6/policy.xml
and in programmatic way.
If you're worried about the implications, https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/imagemagick/+bug/1796563 mentions that
While the release notes are not exactly clear, Ghostscript v9.25 seems to make reference to fixing some vulnerabilities of this sort: https://www.ghostscript.com/doc/9.25/News.htm
Disabling security limitations is a bad habit to get into. The ImageMagick authors presumably made this one for a reason. You should respect that, unless you know exactly what you are doing. That does not seem probable for most people looking at these answers.
The right thing to do in this case is to use other software which the authors themselves believe to be secure.
img2pdf fits the bill:
img2pdf --output out.pdf in.jpg