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I have IBus installed on Lubuntu 18.04.1 64-bit, and some languages work properly, while others just have the US English layout.

The Hangul Korean input engine (ibus engine output hangul) works (al gives in Hangul mode), but Swedish and Spanish XBD input (ibus engine output xbd:se::swe and xbd:es::spa, respectively) do not (the keyboard layout is exactly the same as US).

The m17n:sv:post postfix Swedish layout seems to work (oe gives ö).

This leads me to believe that there is a problem involving xkb IBus engines on my computer (whatever that means).

The output for dpkg -l | grep ibus | grep -v libusb is:

ii  gir1.2-ibus-1.0:amd64                   1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - introspection data
ii  ibus                                    1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - core
ii  ibus-gtk:amd64                          1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - GTK+2 support
ii  ibus-gtk3:amd64                         1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - GTK+3 support
ii  ibus-hangul                             1.5.0+git20161231-1                         amd64        Hangul engine for IBus
ii  ibus-m17n                               1.3.4-5                                     amd64        m17n engine for IBus
ii  ibus-qt4                                1.3.3-1build2                               amd64        qt-immodule for ibus (QT4) (plugin)
ii  ibus-table                              1.9.14-3                                    all          table engine for IBus
ii  libibus-1.0-5:amd64                     1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - shared library
ii  libibus-1.0-dev:amd64                   1.5.17-3ubuntu4                             amd64        Intelligent Input Bus - development file
ii  libibus-qt1                             1.3.3-1build2                               amd64        qt-immodule for ibus (QT4) (library)
ii  libusageenvironment3:amd64              2018.02.18-1                                amd64        multimedia RTSP streaming library (UsageEnvironment classes)

The output for ibus list-engines (removed other languages):

...
language: Swedish
  xkb:se:dvorak:swe - Swedish (Dvorak)
  xkb:se:svdvorak:swe - Swedish (Svdvorak)
  m17n:sv:post - post (m17n)
  xkb:se::swe - Swedish
...
language: Korean
  hangul - Hangul
  m17n:ko:romaja - romaja (m17n)
  m17n:ko:han2 - han2 (m17n)
...
language: Spanish; Castilian
  xkb:es::spa - Spanish
  xkb:latam::spa - Spanish (Latin American)
...
language: English
  xkb:us::eng - English (US)
  xkb:gb:dvorak:eng - English (UK, Dvorak)
  xkb:gb:extd:eng - English (UK, extended WinKeys)
  xkb:us:altgr-intl:eng - English (international AltGr dead keys)
  xkb:us:colemak:eng - English (Colemak)
  xkb:us:dvorak:eng - English (Dvorak)
  xkb:ca:eng:eng - English (Canada)
  xkb:us:intl:eng - English (US, international with dead keys)
...

output for setxkbmap -query (same for all IBus layouts, even the non-US ones that work):

rules:      evdev
model:      pc105
layout:     us
variant:    ,
options:    grp:shift_caps_toggle
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This was fixed by deselecting the Use system keyboard layout check box in the Advanced tab of the IBus Preferences window (ibus-setup).

Now, the other keys work in Spanish and Swedish ([o gives ò in Spanish and [ gives å in Swedish).

IBus Preferences window (ibus-setup) on the Advanced tab with "Use system keyboard layout" deselected

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