Is it possible to install gnome 3.29.92 or 3.30 in ubuntu 18.04?
Is there a PPA available?
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Is it possible to install gnome 3.29.92 or 3.30 in ubuntu 18.04?
Is there a PPA available?
Yes, it is possible to upgrade any software you want from any ubuntu release if you're willing to do things a little unconventionally and have to deal with more complexity, potential risk and issues of compatibility.
I too could not upgrade to 18.10 as it breaks some essential software for me. On the other hand, Gnome 3.30 is by far superior to 3.28 and 3.26 in terms of stability and performance. Most especially true for Gnome Wayland which goes from disastrous to actually usable as of 3.30...
Here is the general gist of what I did:
I've made a very thorough tutorial on how to do this. Should you follow this closely, you should not have any trouble but know that there are no guaranties and that you are playing with things that could break an install, so backup your install before doing this or do this on a virtual machine to see how it goes for you.
Unless I specify otherwise, assume all commands are in elevated privileges and that I just don't feel like typing
sudo 100 times. To go into
sudo mode enter:
sudo -H bash #or sudo su
Before doing anything, make sure all is in order by running:
apt-get --fix-broken install
Make a copy of the original and temporarily modify the apt repository lists so that it checks the Cosmic repos for updates instead of the Bionic ones:
cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bionic #make a cosmic version of the apt list cat /etc/apt/sources.list.bionic| sed 's/bionic/cosmic/g' > /etc/apt/sources.list.cosmic # set the apt list to cosmic cp /etc/apt/sources.list.cosmic /etc/apt/sources.list # backup your two list files to another directory - just in case some smart ass updater decides to delete them. mkdir /etc/apt.bak cp /etc/apt/sources.* /etc/apt.bak
Update package lists and check for upgradable packages:
apt update apt list --upgradable > upgradable
grep, run a text based search for the numbers 3.30 and 3.28. This should only show you the updates related to the Gnome Shell. Additionally, you can search for packages related to Wayland (essential!) and
gtk (up to you). I really don't care about Xorg, as I think it's terribly insecure, but if you want to use
gnome-x11, you can search for
xorg packages to update as well. The idea behind this approach is to avoid upgrading too many packages to the Cosmic branch, because Cosmic only has 9 months of fixes and Bionic will have 5-10 years of security updates and fixes, so it is to your interest to keep as much of your system as possible on the Bionic line.
#updates directly related to 3.30 or needed by it. cat upgradable | grep "3.30" | grep --color=NEVER "3.28" > upgradable-3.30 #this got me 78 packages cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "nautilus" >> upgradable-3.30 #if you endup choosing to do step 9, don't do this cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gdm" >> upgradable-3.30 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gnome-shell-extension-appindicator" >> upgradable-3.30 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gnome-shell-extension-ubuntu-dock" >> upgradable-3.30 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gvfs" >> upgradable-3.30 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "network-manager" >> upgradable-3.30 #wayland cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "wayland" > upgradable-wayland #x11 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "xorg" > upgradable-xorg cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "x11" >> upgradable-xorg cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "xorg" > upgradable-xorg
Not sure how necessary the upgrades below are. I would imagine that the library packages needed for the healthy functioning of Gnome Shell 3.30 would be automatically downloaded if I install the files in
uprgradable-3.30. I would say, try without them and if you feel it's not stable, install them.
cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gnome-bluetooth" >> upgradable-3.30 #version change doesn't seem very for this one, maybe keep it on bionic cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gnome-keyring" >> upgradable-3.30 #version change doesn't seem very for this one, maybe keep it on bionic cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gnome" >> upgradable-3.30 cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gtk" > upgradable-libs cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "glib" >> upgradable-libs cat upgradable | grep --color=NEVER -i "gir" >> upgradable-libs
upgradable list should look something like this:
adwaita-icon-theme/cosmic,cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 all [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1ubuntu1] baobab/cosmic 3.30.0-1 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1] cheese/cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1ubuntu1] cheese-common/cosmic,cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 all [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1ubuntu1] etc... etc... etc...
You should be upgrading a max of 100 to 250 packages out of 1500
sed, reformat the lists made in step 3 to turn this:
adwaita-icon-theme/cosmic,cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 all [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1ubuntu1] baobab/cosmic 3.30.0-1 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1] cheese/cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 amd64 [upgradable from: 3.28.0-1ubuntu1] cheese-common/cosmic,cosmic 3.30.0-0ubuntu1 all [upgradable etc...etc.... etc..
apt-get install --assume-yes adwaita-icon-theme baobab cheese cheese-common etc... etc... etc..
cat upgradable-3.30 | sed 's/\[//g'| sed 's/\/cosmic/\[/g'| sed 's/), /\] /g'| sed 's/)/\]/g'| sed -e 's/\[\([^]]*\)\]//g'|sed '/^\s*$/d'|sed "s/^/apt-get install --assume-yes /g" > up-3.30 cat upgradable-wayland | sed 's/\[//g'| sed 's/\/cosmic/\[/g'| sed 's/), /\] /g'| sed 's/)/\]/g'| sed -e 's/\[\([^]]*\)\]//g'|sed '/^\s*$/d'|sed "s/^/apt-get install --assume-yes /g" > up-wayland #again, xorg is optional for those using it, don't upgrade it if you don't use it. You want to keep as many files as possible on the LTS track. cat upgradable-xorg | sed 's/\[//g'| sed 's/\/cosmic/\[/g'| sed 's/), /\] /g'| sed 's/)/\]/g'| sed -e 's/\[\([^]]*\)\]//g'|sed '/^\s*$/d'|sed "s/^/apt-get install --assume-yes /g" > up-xorg #same for the libs cat upgradable-libs | sed 's/\[//g'| sed 's/\/cosmic/\[/g'| sed 's/), /\] /g'| sed 's/)/\]/g'| sed -e 's/\[\([^]]*\)\]//g'|sed '/^\s*$/d'|sed "s/^/apt-get install --assume-yes /g" > up-libs
make the newly created script executable
chmod +x up-*
Taking note of the time and date before beginning, I used the results of 4 to update the packages that need updating:
date > upgrade-start ./up-3.30 ./up-wayland #etc... #Install the Yaru themes (they're not included in 18.04 and are need in 3.30) apt-get install yaru-theme-* #as regular user (non-sudo), activate themes via: gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface gtk-theme 'Yaru' #or 'Yaru.dark' gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface cursor-theme 'Yaru' gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface icon-theme 'Yaru' gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.sound theme-name 'Yaru' #or use gnome-tweaks to do it #If you get any errors, run apt-get --fix-broken install date > upgrade-finished #reboot your machine reboot
The files upgraded in 5 are no longer on the LTS update track. Meaning, when step 1 is undone and an update is initiated, the normal Bionic packages will update, but these ones will always be considered newer. Furthermore, any dependencies updated or installed in step 5 will be in the same situation. Updating these packages will require the creation of a script that will update them manually.
Let's use the
apt history log file to figure out what files will need manual updating:
cp /var/log/apt/history.log ./cosmics-upgrade.log
nano cosmics-upgrade.log and delete any entries from before
upgrade-start and those that are after
upgrade-finished (in step 5).
Now, let's make a script that will manually upgrade our non-LTS packages for us:
echo '#!/bin/bash' > update-cosmics echo 'cp /etc/apt/sources.list.cosmic /etc/apt/sources.list;apt update' >> update-cosmics
The next step will use
sed to format the logs into something we can put in our
update-cosmics file (same idea as in step 4).
cat cosmics-upgrade.log | sed 's/:amd64 (/\[/g'| sed 's/), /\] /g'| sed 's/)/\]/g'| sed -e 's/\[\([^]]*\)\]//g'|sed "s/End-Date:/# End-Date:/g"|sed "s/Start-Date:/\n\n\n# Start-Date:/g"|sed "s/Commandline: /# Commandline: /g"|sed 's/Install: /\napt-get install /g'|sed 's/Update: /\napt-get install --assume-yes /g'|sed 's/Remove: /\napt-get remove /g'|sed 's/Upgrade: /\napt-get install /g' >> update-cosmics
Finally, add the following line to the very end of
echo 'cp /etc/apt/sources.list.bionic /etc/apt/sources.list;apt update' >> update-cosmics
Make the script executable and move it to
chmod +x update-cosmics cp update-cosmics /usr/bin
Undo Step 1 to allow your system to perform updates normally.
cp /etc/apt/sources.list.bionic /etc/apt/sources.list;apt update
update-cosmics to temporarily switch to Cosmic repos and update the packages on the Cosmic track. You can run it manually or schedule it using
Step 9: Bonus Round: Ditch Nautilus 3.26
This is a matter of preference: if you don't use Desktop icons or if you want to give the Desktop icons extension a try, you can get rid of the outdated Nautilus 3.26 that Ubuntu has forked for the much improved Nautilus 3.30. I like 3.30 because it has WAY better touch screen support and because 3.26's implementation of Desktop icons injects an X11 layer (XWayland really) - even if you are running a Wayland session. The Desktop icons Gnome Shell extension only works with 3.30. It is about 80% feature-complete, but does not inject an X11 layer into your Wayland session.
Nautilus 3.30 can be obtained by downloading the deb files from Debian's servers:
wget http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/n/nautilus/nautilus_3.30.4-1_amd64.deb wget http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/n/nautilus/libnautilus-extension1a_3.30.4-1_amd64.deb wget http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/n/nautilus/nautilus-data_3.30.4-1_all.deb
dpkg to install them:
dpkg -i *nautilus*.deb
Future updates to Nautilus can be found here and you'll have to manually install them (click modification date twice to see the latest debs).
If you decide to stick with the Debian 3.30 Nautilus, you'll have to remove these 3 packages from the
update-cosmics script we generated earlier. You will also have to do:
apt-mark hold libnautilus-extension1a nautilus-data nautilus
This avoids Ubuntu's updater accidently "uprgrading" Nautilus from 3.30 back to 3.26 (yes, it actually can't tell that 3.30 is a higher number than 3.26).
To undo this, you can just do:
apt-mark unhold libnautilus-extension1a nautilus-data nautilus apt-get install nautilus nautilus-data libnautilus-extension1a #and unstill the desktop-icons extension
Well I have managed to compile it on Ubuntu 18.04 using JHBuild tool provided by gnome team! Except for a few dependencies and little modifications, the rest is fine with default bionic installations.
The only module that doesn't compile is
ibus-anthy, and the error I get is not dependency-related:
anthygcontext.c:55:5: error: ‘g_type_class_add_private’ is deprecated
I tried a few apps like gedit and they work, but I haven't yet tested the whole system to see if it actually runs!
I will report back when I'm home...
Good news guys, there was a few problem regarding the compilation and I have now managed to sort them out...
So far the gnome 3-30 session starts completely, applications run... The only problem I am facing now is folders doesn't have any icons!
I will post a guide here, if I manage to fix it and no new problem comes out!
Just to give you an update! After spending a few days of messing with jhbuild, I was not able to figure out why the major applications don't open under new user account while running the newly compiled gnome-shell.
I have already requested for help here, but no response yet:
Meanwhile, I have just installed Ubuntu 18.10 daily build and I should say its pretty stable and smooth using gnome-shell 3.30! The only bug I have found so far is that Ubuntu software center sometimes behave strangely and needs to be terminated to become responsive! I'm going to remain on Ubuntu 18.10 for sure, receiving daily updates also will ensure more stability.
I have also updated gjs from this ppa as it is said to be the reason behind the laggy gnome-shell on Ubuntu 18.04!
Final words, Expect noticeable performance boost from gnome-shell 3.30 and gjs 1.54, but don't expect windows like smoothness!
If you want GNOME 3.30, you'll need to upgrade to Ubuntu 18.10.
Ubuntu 18.10 will not be released until October 18, 2018.
Be aware that Ubuntu 18.04 LTS is a long term support release, but Ubuntu 18.10 will only be supported until July 2019. If you upgrade to 18.10, you'll need to upgrade twice per year until Ubuntu 20.04 LTS in 2020 to get back on a long term support release.
Yes, there is a PPA for upgrading to the latest Gnome Shell.
Run these following commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3-staging sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
After having finished, reboot your system.
Important note: This PPA is mainly for testing purposes. In any case, you should stick to the stable release of GNOME Shell which is provided by your current Ubuntu version. If you encounter some problems after upgrading it, you can revert everything back by purging:
sudo ppa-purge ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3-staging sudo ppa-purge ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3 sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop^
Again, reboot the system.
Source: Ubuntu wiki