5

After booting I ran systemd-analyze blame and here are the results:

     21.596s systemd-journal-flush.service
     18.658s dev-sda8.device
     15.099s dev-loop33.device
     15.034s dev-loop19.device
     15.012s dev-loop34.device
     14.989s dev-loop21.device
     14.877s dev-loop15.device
     14.866s dev-loop26.device
     14.773s dev-loop27.device
     14.684s dev-loop30.device
     14.677s dev-loop32.device
     14.649s dev-loop35.device
     14.590s dev-loop25.device
     14.267s dev-loop23.device
     14.192s dev-loop24.device
     14.156s dev-loop29.device
     14.133s dev-loop16.device
     14.065s dev-loop31.device
     14.059s dev-loop28.device
     13.821s dev-loop20.device
     13.531s dev-loop22.device
     13.495s dev-loop14.device
     13.364s dev-loop18.device

What are these dev-loopxx.device (xx denotes numbers) services and why are they taking so much time? Are they related to the mounting of snaps? Can I reduce the boot time by disabling them? I'm running Ubuntu 18.04 alongside Windows 10.

  • Mine take 14ms at the most. Also, I have only 5 of them. – Jos Jul 16 '18 at 17:58
  • @Jos Does this mean that there are some errors in my system? – Apoorv Potnis Jul 16 '18 at 18:08
  • No it does not mean there are errors perse. It means you got more software installed from containers. Each loop device is a snap install. – Rinzwind Jul 16 '18 at 18:17
  • @Rinzwind Then if I uninstalled those snaps and installed the non-snap versions of those apps, will my boot get faster? – Apoorv Potnis Jul 16 '18 at 18:25
  • 1
    Yes, it will remove one loop per install (and also old revisions if there are). – Rinzwind Jul 16 '18 at 18:32
8

You can determine the list of all installed snaps with snap list, for relation between mount-point and snap name you can use systemctl status, mount and losetup.

For example on my Ubuntu MATE 18.04 LTS I have the following snaps installed:

$ snap list
Name                 Version           Rev   Tracking  Developer      Notes
core                 16-2.33.1         4917  stable    canonical      core
software-boutique    18.04.0-5b99b84   31    stable/…  flexiondotorg  classic
ubuntu-mate-welcome  17.10.23-e4f4c4c  169   stable/…  flexiondotorg  classic

They create loop-devices as follows:

$ systemd-analyze blame | grep dev-loop
          4.303s dev-loop4.device
          4.267s dev-loop2.device
          4.193s dev-loop0.device
          4.146s dev-loop3.device
           111ms dev-loop5.device

Mount points are as following:

$ mount | grep snapd
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4830.snap on /snap/core/4830 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/ubuntu-mate-welcome_169.snap on /snap/ubuntu-mate-welcome/169 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/software-boutique_31.snap on /snap/software-boutique/31 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4650.snap on /snap/core/4650 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4917.snap on /snap/core/4917 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)

Let's look closer to dev-loop4.device:

$ systemctl status dev-loop4.device
● dev-loop4.device - /dev/loop4
   Follow: unit currently follows state of sys-devices-virtual-block-loop4.device
   Loaded: loaded
   Active: active (plugged) since Tue 2018-07-17 13:05:41 MSK; 4min 44s ago
   Device: /sys/devices/virtual/block/loop4

The folder /sys/devices/virtual/block/loop4 contains very useful file loop/backing_file, we can read its contents:

$ cat /sys/devices/virtual/block/loop4/loop/backing_file 
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4650.snap

So we just determined that /dev/loop4 is created by core snap.


But the easiest way is to use losetup (see man losetup):

$ losetup 
NAME       SIZELIMIT OFFSET AUTOCLEAR RO BACK-FILE                                         DIO LOG-SEC
/dev/loop4         0      0         1  1 /var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4650.snap                 0     512
/dev/loop2         0      0         1  1 /var/lib/snapd/snaps/ubuntu-mate-welcome_169.snap   0     512
/dev/loop0         0      0         1  1 /var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4830.snap                 0     512
/dev/loop5         0      0         1  1 /var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4917.snap                 0     512
/dev/loop3         0      0         1  1 /var/lib/snapd/snaps/software-boutique_31.snap      0     512

Hope this helps to understand Snaps mount-points better.

Bottom-line: by using Snaps for having up-to-date software, we end up paying for it with higher network traffic, more disk usage and slower boot time. If you do not want to use Snaps at all, then remove them with sudo apt-get purge snapd.

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