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I'm using Ubuntu 18.04 Server and trying to make a router. When I execute the following iptables script (which worked just perfectly on Ubuntu 16.04), the DNS lookup from command line stops working. I have ping to IP addresses, but no DNS names. Something is obviously changed from 16.04, but don't know what.

EDIT: I started executing lines one by one and defined the culprit is this:

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE

But still don't know why (it worked on previous Ubuntu versions - 16.04, 14.04, 12.04)

The ping output is:

# ping google.com
ping: google.com: Temporary failure in name resolution

If I reboot WITHOUT this script, it works:

# ping google.com
PING google.com (172.217.169.142) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from sof02s32-in-f14.1e100.net (172.217.169.142): icmp_seq=1 ttl=57 time=2.92 ms
0

OK, I'll answer my own question. The cure was to add an external interface in the iptables line, so it now looks like this:

ExtIF=eno1 ##Change this to the name of your external (Internet) interface    
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $ExtIF -j MASQUERADE

Maybe some iptables guru would be able to answer in the comments why the DNS lookup is failing only from localhost, only in Ubuntu 18.04.

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