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How can tell that my last shutdown was properly done in Ubuntu 11.10 or if the machine was powered off before shutting down the OS?

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  • 2
    Take a look at /var/log/syslog.0
    – Gigili
    Feb 10 '12 at 12:20
25

If the machine was shutdown properly then there must be a shutdown log logged in kern.log file in /var/log directory. After a shutdown whenever a normal boot occurs the OS writes the log for the same in kern.log. Hence every boot log must be preceded by a shutdown log if the booting and shutdown process was normal.

Whenever a normal shutdown occurs "Kernel logging (proc) stopped." is written in kern.log. Similarly whenever a boot occurs "imklog 5.8.1, log source = /proc/kmsg started." is written in kern.log

These two messages should be in the order if the shutdown was normal rather than abrupt power off. There should be no "imklog 5.8.1, log source = /proc/kmsg started." message without the "Kernel logging (proc) stopped." message if the previous shutdown was normal. The both message should always occur in pair in log.enter image description here

Just type in terminal :-

gedit /var/log/kern.log

and check for the shutdown and boot log pairs. If they are found not in pairs anywhere that shutdown must have been abrupt.

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  • 1
    replace gedit with your default text editor.
    – Vikramjeet
    Feb 28 '12 at 17:08
  • 1
    my kern.log is empty
    – Nade
    Oct 27 '13 at 18:29
  • 2
    @Nade try kern.log.1. Oct 27 '13 at 22:50
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    neither of those phrases are in my log. Not even part of them. I really need to know if my computer's being shutdown properly b/c I believe I have a kid who's simply holding down the power button.
    – KI4JGT
    Dec 28 '13 at 4:44
  • as of Ubunutu 16.04 this seems no longer correct. i.e. I don't get cat /var/log/syslog | grep -i "stopped" (and similar. also sanity-tested the contrary), despite that this was clearly part of the previous shutdown messages... (the visible log stuff, when pressing ESC to kill the splash screen while shutting down) - anyone got an update? Oct 27 '16 at 3:41
6

I use the last command. It lists reboots and crashes.

5

As of Ubuntu 16.04, a clean shutdown followed by a proper reboot will write these 2 lines one after the other in /var/log/syslog

Mar  9 14:14:06 *YOUR-HOSTNAME* rsyslogd: [origin software="rsyslogd" swVersion="8.16.0" x-pid="1086" x-info="http://www.rsyslog.com"] exiting on signal 15.
Mar  9 15:23:42 *YOUR-HOSTNAME* rsyslogd: [origin software="rsyslogd" swVersion="8.16.0" x-pid="1069" x-info="http://www.rsyslog.com"] start
0

Hi you can run a script to check if the last shutdown was proper or not. Just put the following lines in a bash script and run it after a system boot up.

#!/bin/bash
B="1"
touch data_file
echo $(($(grep -nr "$(cat  /var/log/kern.log | grep "$(date -d $(who -b | awk '{printf $3}') '+%b %-d')" | grep imklog   | grep $(cat  /var/log/kern.log | grep "$(date -d $(who -b | awk '{printf $3}') '+%b %-d')" | grep imklog | cut -d' ' -f3 | sort -k1 -r | sort --unique --stable -k2,3))" /var/log/kern.log | awk '{printf $1}' | grep -oE "[[:digit:]]{1,}")-$B))  >  data_file


if [[

($(sed -n $(cat data_file)p /var/log/kern.log | awk '{print $6}') == "Kernel") && 
($(sed -n $(cat data_file)p /var/log/kern.log | awk '{print $7}') == "logging") &&
($(sed -n $(cat data_file)p /var/log/kern.log | awk '{print $8}') == "(proc)") &&
($(sed -n $(cat data_file)p /var/log/kern.log | awk '{print $9}') == "stopped.") 


]]; then

  echo Last Shutdown-proper

else

   echo Last Shutdown_not proper 

fi

rm data_file

NOTE: Please be in a root user to run the script. It won't harm your system :)

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