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I currently have Q4os installed.

What command can I use to install Lubuntu from files on USB? I can't boot install from USB and mini install doesn't have wireless internet installed.

closed as off-topic by dessert, Fabby, anonymous2, waltinator, dpb Apr 27 '18 at 4:48

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "This is not about Ubuntu. Questions about other Linux distributions can be asked on Unix & Linux, those about Windows on Super User, those about Apple products on Ask Different and generic programming questions on Stack Overflow." – dessert, Fabby, anonymous2, waltinator
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  • Q4OS is Debian based, it might support mkusb which is a great tool for making an installer USB. – C.S.Cameron Apr 21 '18 at 22:45
  • This is not a duplicate of either of the questions it's marked as duplicate of in my opinion. The question is how to install Ubuntu from within q4OS as I read it. – vidarlo Apr 22 '18 at 15:42
  • @vidarlo I would consider that off topic. We can't be expected to know how Q4OS works. – Rinzwind Apr 22 '18 at 17:41
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    @Rinzwind Off topic would be a valid close reason... But the dupes was not a valid close reason. – vidarlo Apr 22 '18 at 18:05
  • Why can't you "boot install from USB"? Add this detail to your question, and I'm sure someone would be happy to help. – dpb Apr 27 '18 at 4:47
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You may, using debootstrap. This is not for the faint of heart, as it is mostly a manual procedure, but it's absolutely possible.

First you will have to make space. Shrink one of the existing partitions, so you have at least a gigabyte or three for Ubuntu. This can be increased later, when you have booted into Ubuntu, and are ready to remove your current OS. gparted is a nice GUI tool for working with partitions.

Next, mount your new partition somewhere nice. I will use /mnt for this in this text.

Also run the following command, and save the UUID for later! Substitute sdb1 for whatever partition you set up.

$ sudo blkid /dev/sdb1
/dev/sdb1: LABEL="ubuntu" UUID="a15e52e5-a5e3-4643-a657-43ce87f9aa00" TYPE="ext4"

Getting debootstrap

At this stage I assumed /mnt/ is mounted.

First step is to download debootstrap. At the time of writing, debootstrap_1.0.95.tar.gz is the latest version:

[/tmp]$ wget "http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/pool/main/d/debootstrap/debootstrap_1.0.95.tar.gz"
[/tmp]$ tar zxf debootstrap_1.0.95.tar.gz 
[/tmp]$ cd debootstrap-1.0.95/
[/tmp/debootstrap-1.0.95]$ export DEBOOTSTRAP_DIR=`pwd`
[/tmp/debootstrap-1.0.95]$ sudo DEBOOTSTRAP_DIR=`pwd` ./debootstrap --arch=amd64 xenial /mnt http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
[removed lots of output of debootstrap fetching packages]

This step takes some time, as the base system is downloaded and unpacked into /mnt. It should end with I: Base system installed successfully.

Then we need to bind mount some system directories, so information about the machine is available inside the chroot:

# sudo mount -o bind /dev /mnt/dev
# sudo mount -o bind /dev/pts /mnt/dev/pts
# sudo mount -t sysfs /sys /mnt/sys
# sudo mount -t proc /proc /mnt/proc

chroot into the new system

[/tmp/debootstrap-1.0.95]$ sudo chroot /mnt
root@hannah:/#

This is a functioning Ubuntu system, albeit a minimal one. First step is probably to install a few packages, such as nano. You will get error messages complaining that devices are unavailable and so forth. This is normal. Ignore them.

All commands from now on is run inside the chroot environment.

Mount the virtual /proc and /sys fs: # mount -t proc proc /proc # mount -t sysfs sysfs /sys

Configure fstab

The fstab is blank. Edit it with nano:

# nano /etc/fstab

Add a line like

UUID=a15e52e5-a5e3-4643-a657-43ce87f9aa00  /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1

where the UUID is the one you saved above.

Update your system

# echo "deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security main" > /etc/apt/sources.list
# echo "deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
# echo "deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
# apt-get update && apt-get upgrade

Time to install a kernel!

# apt-cache search linux-image

will list available kernels. Pick a suitable one. For me this was linux-image-4.8.0-58-generic, which was installed with

# apt-get install linux-image-4.8.0-58-generic

This should ask you where you want to install the bootloader. This is typically the main drive, /dev/sda or similar. This will overwrite your current bootloader and make your current system unbootable!

Adding a user

# adduser foo
 ##Answer adduser with password, name and so on
# usermod -aG sudo username

The last command will add sudo permissions for the user.

Misc things to configure

You probably want to configure those items.

Timezone:

# dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Locales:

# dpkg-reconfigure locales

Install lubuntu-desktop

# apt-get lubuntu-desktop

This will install the meta-package lubuntu-desktop which depends on all you need for a standard lubuntu desktop. This takes a little while, as it is many packages. This will probably fail, as blueman will refuse to work without a running, proper system. Ignore it, and remove it with apt-get remove blueman.

This should be more or less it. Reboot into your new system, and log in.

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