I have installed tts-mscorefonts-installer. That lets me use Windows fonts. I can find and use them in Gnumeric and they appear in Fonts. But they do not appear in any of the libreOffice Suite of applications. Furthermore, when a document contains one of those fonts is opened in LibreOffice the Font is italicized, and does not appear correctly.
Recent versions of LibreOffice (5.3 and above) have stopped using PS Type 1 URW fonts. This seems to be a policy decision as discussed in PS Type 1 URW fonts missing in LibreOffice 22.214.171.124.beta1 and 126.96.36.199.beta2.
All code supporting Type 1 fonts have been removed in the upcoming 5.4 release and I don’t see anyone volunteering to bring it back and adding the code required for the new layout engine to support them.
A better investment, going forward is to find a non-Type 1 replacement of these fonts, to convert them to OpenType using AFDKO or FontForge.
Even if these fonts are installed on your system and other applications such as Gnumeric use them, LibreOffice won't.
Sources for similar fonts are provided in the link above.
The decision was made by the Engineering Steering Committee, in order to allow for implementation of the new rendering framework code.