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Summary: If you use Ubuntu, always go for .deb packages! They can be installed with the terminal command below: sudo dpkg -i /PATH/TO/PACKAGE-FILE.deb Explanation: There are a small set of "basic Linux distributions" on which most others are based on. The most important ones are probably Debian and Red Hat. All Ubuntu flavours are based on Debian. Now ...


Yes. Source code that requires compilation will be compiled when building the binary package; see IntroDebianPackaging at wiki.debian.org for instructions on how to create a source package containing source code that requires compilation.


.deb files are Packages for use under the Debian System. .rpm files are for Packages under the use of the RedHat System. If you're looking to download software, and you are running Ubuntu(Debian based) you will use a .deb package.


Download the DEB package of your choice, e.g. mc apt-get download mc Extract the package dpkg -x *.deb mc All files of the package are now in ./mc and you can copy what you need.


You are missing the dependency libgcrypt11 so install it Open a terminal and run these commands wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgcrypt11_1.5.3-2ubuntu4.2_amd64.deb When it finishes downloading run sudo dpkg -i libgcrypt11_1.5.3-2ubuntu4.2_amd64.deb To install the package, when it finishes, install your deb again


The PPA you are linking has built packages only for Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty). If you are trying to install it on 15.04, the dependencies' versions probably do not match, so it cannot be installed. You will most probably have to compile the program yourself by grabbing its source code and building (there is a link on the PPA page).


The solution proposed by A.B. may not quite be enough: in recent version of setuptools, pkg_resources is a package, whereas previously it was just a single module. Updating setuptools in the way described will leave a stale pkg_resources.py{,c} around, which may lead to the following error when importing setuptools: AttributeError: 'module' object has no ...


With a working internet connection, please open a terminal and do: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install libgmt-dev The package and all its dependencies in the correct (.deb) format will be correctly installed.

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