558
votes
67answers
430k views

What Application Indicators are available?

This question exists because it has historical significance, but it is not considered a good, on-topic question for this site, so please do not use it as evidence that you can ask similar questions ...
442
votes
15answers
649k views

How to list all installed packages?

I'd like to output a list of all installed packages into a text file, so that I can review it and bulk-install on another system. How to do this?
396
votes
11answers
333k views

What are Unity's keyboard and mouse shortcuts?

In Unity, are there any pre-defined shortcuts, e.g. to open the dash or unhide the launcher?
353
votes
23answers
311k views

How can PPAs be removed?

I've added many PPAs using the add-apt-repository command. Is there a simple way to remove these PPAs? I've checked in /etc/apt/sources.list for the appropriate deb lines but they aren't there. This ...
352
votes
5answers
854k views

How do I install a .deb file via the command line?

How do I install a .deb file via the command line?
331
votes
7answers
378k views

How to enable or disable services?

I read about how to enable and disable services in Ubuntu and it seems that there are different possibilities to manage them. The first method I found is update-rc.d to add new services to startup, ...
322
votes
42answers
213k views

What should I do when Ubuntu freezes?

All operating systems freeze sometimes, and Ubuntu is no exception. What should I do to regain control when... just one program stops responding? nothing at all responds to mouse clicks or key ...
318
votes
8answers
265k views

How to enable hibernation?

In Ubuntu 12.04 and newer, hibernation has been disabled by default in policykit. How can I enable this back?
315
votes
24answers
520k views

How can I install Sun/Oracle's proprietary Java JDK 6/7/8 or JRE?

I want to install Oracle's JRE and to update to the latest version with the Software Updater when they released. Is there a Ubuntu package that is provided by Canonical or Oracle? Before release Java ...
312
votes
5answers
931k views

How can I add a new user as sudoer using the command line?

After I add a user using adduser, I can't see it via System->Administration->Users and Groups unless I logout and then login again. Is that normal? Also, can I set a newly added user as a ...
309
votes
6answers
38k views

How do I report a bug?

I found a problem with an application on Ubuntu. Questions : How do I best report the issue? What sort of information should I provide?
308
votes
15answers
417k views

How to add a directory to my path?

How do I add a directory to my $PATH in Ubuntu and make the changes permanent?
303
votes
9answers
941k views

Installing Ubuntu on a Pre-Installed Windows 8 (64-bit) System (UEFI Supported)

I bought a computer with Windows 8 Pre-Installed, but I didn't like Windows 8, so I decided to install Ubuntu as a second operating system. I'm absolutely new to Linux. I have been using Windows for ...
297
votes
10answers
238k views

What are PPAs and how do I use them?

I keep reading about Personal Package Archives ('PPAs') and people answer questions with a link to a PPA. What's the best way to use these? There are multiple valid answers for this question ...
286
votes
15answers
235k views

How can I edit/create new launcher items in Unity by hand?

Will Unity allow making custom launcher icons from .desktop files or via menu editing system? (Right now the launcher doesn't give the option to "keep in launcher" on all programs. For some programs ...
275
votes
11answers
436k views

How can I configure Unity?

Are there any configuration options for the Unity desktop? There are multiple valid answers for this question spanning over several versions of Ubuntu. For your convenience an index of each below ...
263
votes
8answers
71k views

How do I modify or disable the HUD's use of the Alt key?

A number of games, Emacs, and the terminal make extensive use of the Alt key. Can Unity be configured to respect this key, rather than launching the HUD with it?
261
votes
34answers
285k views

How do I remove or hide old kernel versions to clean up the boot menu?

Every time I install a new Linux kernel, it gets left in the grub_config, making the boot menu longer each time. I know I can manually search through the installed packages and remove them. Does ...
252
votes
14answers
293k views

How do I resolve unmet dependencies after adding a PPA?

Occasionally, when I'm installing stuff, I get an error like the following: Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have requested an impossible situation or if you are using the ...
252
votes
0answers
338k views

How do I install Oracle Java JDK 7? [duplicate]

If I downloaded the latest JDK from Oracle, do I just download the .tar file and extract it to /usr/lib/jvm/?
247
votes
38answers
177k views

How can I improve Ubuntu overall system performance?

What are your tips for improving overall system performance on ubuntu? Inspired by this question I realized that some default settings may be rather conservative on Ubuntu and that it's possible to ...
246
votes
11answers
185k views

“The following packages have been kept back:” Why and how do I solve it?

I just added a PPA repository for the development version of the GIMP, but I get this error The following packages have been kept back: gimp gimp-data libgegl-0.0-0 libgimp2.0 Why and how can I ...
246
votes
14answers
603k views

How do I reset a lost administrative password?

I'm working on a Ubuntu system, and my client has completely forgotten his administrative password. He doesn't even remember entering one; however it is there. I've tried the suggestions on the ...
240
votes
25answers
208k views

Unity doesn't load, no Launcher, no Dash appears

When I login, nothing happens. I am presented with my desktop wallpaper. No Dash, no Launcher, nothing.
240
votes
12answers
484k views

How do I upgrade to a newer version of Ubuntu?

What are the different ways I can use to upgrade Ubuntu from one release to another?
235
votes
23answers
309k views

What kinds of desktop environments and shells are available?

This question exists as it fills a specific criterion. While you are encouraged to help maintain its answers, please understand that "big list" questions are not generally allowed on Ask Ubuntu ...
235
votes
6answers
217k views

How to upgrade a single package using apt-get?

How do I update a single package? As far as man apt-get says apt-get upgrade doesn't take a package/list of packages as parameter: upgrade upgrade is used to install the newest versions of ...
230
votes
19answers
179k views

Flash video appears blue

The Problem After updating to Ubuntu 12.04 from Ubuntu 11.10, all video is still blue, whether playing in a browser or a player. Same problem occurs in 11.10 as well. I have tried to uninstall all ...
227
votes
16answers
422k views

How do I check if I have a 32-bit or a 64-bit OS?

I downloaded and installed the latest 11.04 version from the official Ubuntu site. However I don't know if it installed the 32-bit or 64-bit version. In Windows 7 I could right click My PC and there ...
227
votes
7answers
198k views

How do I determine the total size of a directory (folder) from the command line?

Is there a simple command to display the total aggregate size (disk usage) of all files in a directory (folder)? I have tried these, and they don't do what I want: ls -l, which only displays the ...
223
votes
32answers
122k views

Comparison of backup tools

This question exists because it has historical significance, but it is not considered a good, on-topic question for this site, so please do not use it as evidence that you can ask similar questions ...
222
votes
8answers
659k views

How to unzip a zip file from the Terminal?

Just downloaded a .zip file from the internet. I want to use the terminal to unzip the file. What is the correct way to do this?
213
votes
12answers
64k views

How do I disable mouse magnet on middle edge with multi monitors?

I use Ubuntu 12.04 on a two screen setup. Multiscreen on 12.04 has generally become much better, but there is one thing that really gets on my nerves: there's a mouse magnet of sorts on the middle ...
211
votes
12answers
177k views

How to revert to GNOME Classic Desktop?

I'm used to GNOME Classic and personally don't want to change to anything else, but it seems there is no more GNOME Classic in the Oneiric release. After apt-get installed gnome-session and all, ...
209
votes
29answers
463k views

My computer boots to a black screen, what options do I have to fix it?

I am trying to boot Ubuntu on my computer. When I boot Ubuntu, it boots to a black screen. How can I fix this? Table of Contents: If you are trying to install Ubuntu If you have a dual boot ...
207
votes
4answers
395k views

Where is the cron / crontab log?

I want to verify if my cron job is executing and what time. I believe there is a log for my sudo crontab -e jobs, but where? I searched google and it I found references to look in /var/log ...
205
votes
5answers
188k views

What is the 'whoopsie' process and how can I remove it?

On one of my machines I have a process running called "whoopsie". I'm running 12.04 server and never specifically installed anything with this name. Google seems to imply that it has something to ...
200
votes
10answers
109k views

How can I remove Amazon search results from the dash or disable the feature?

How can I disable Amazon search results in the Unity dash?
195
votes
8answers
316k views

How do I uncompress a tarball that uses .xz?

I'm used to extracting tarballs with a -xfz flag, which handles gzip and bzip2 archives. Recently I've run into a .tar.xz file and I would like to uncompress it in one step using tar, how can I do ...
195
votes
3answers
284k views

Can I move the Unity launcher?

I can’t get used to the new Unity system. I’d like to move the left Unity panel to the bottom of screen (like Windows 7 – more similar is better). But I can't find a way. Is it possible?
190
votes
9answers
320k views

How do I install Sublime Text 2/3?

I installed Sublime Text 2 on 12.04 as per this tutorial. However I don't have adequate permissions when launching the program from the Unity launcher. For example I cannot install packages, or if I ...
183
votes
20answers
53k views

How to create a screencast?

How can I create a screencast on Ubuntu? The app I'm looking for has ideally all of these features: Can record in a format that can be played back easily on any platform and/or accepted by youtube ...
183
votes
6answers
288k views

How do I change the hostname without a restart?

I want to change the OS hostname but I do not want to restart. I have edited /etc/hostname but it requires a restart to get implemented. How to avoid this?
183
votes
4answers
488k views

How do I restart /shutdown from a terminal?

How to shutdown the Ubuntu installed system and restart it by using terminal ?
181
votes
33answers
266k views

Reasons why crontab does not work

Often, crontab scripts are not executed on schedule or as expected. There are numerous reasons for that: wrong crontab notation permissions problem environment variables This community wiki aims ...
181
votes
7answers
158k views

How do I fix a “Problem with MergeList” or “status file could not be parsed” error when trying to do an update?

The computer gave me this output in a window: E: Encountered a section with no Package: header E: Problem with MergeList ...
177
votes
8answers
413k views

Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name?

When I restart my apache server using the command sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart I get the following error: Restarting web server apache2 apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's ...
177
votes
13answers
59k views

How to change tooltip background color in Unity?

In a lot of applications the tooltips are just plain ugly (White text on black background, way too much contrast) or even unreadable (black or dark blue text (Hyperlinks) on black background). I want ...
177
votes
4answers
161k views

How do I turn on workspaces? (Why do I only have one workspace?)

It appears that Unity on Raring only comes with a single virtual desktop (aka workspaces) by default, and CCSM's Wall plugin has no way to add more. Is this configurable at all?
171
votes
2answers
245k views

How to extract files to another directory using 'tar' command?

I think tar archive.tar /users/mylocation will work. But it doesn't. How can I do that?

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