235
votes
8answers
366k views

How to run scripts on start up?

I was wondering how to run scripts when my computer starts up so I don't have to run scripts manually that I always run?
233
votes
11answers
752k views

How do I install Guest Additions in a VirtualBox VM?

I've recently installed Ubuntu on Oracle's Virtualbox. Now I want to install the guest additions. I started up my Ubuntu guest OS, clicked "Devices" and chose "Install Guest Additions". Nothing ...
231
votes
11answers
135k views

How can I remove Amazon search results from the dash or disable the feature?

How can I disable Amazon search results in the Unity dash?
230
votes
14answers
327k views

How do I fix my locale issue?

I am getting this message every time I do something like starting or stopping a service. perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings: ...
228
votes
7answers
653k views

A command to list all users? And how to add, delete, modify users?

I need a command to list all users in terminal. And how to add, delete, modify users from terminal. That could help in administrating your accounts easily by terminal.
226
votes
13answers
232k views

How do you monitor the progress of dd?

dd is a wonder allowing you to duplicate a hard drive to another, completely zero a hard drive, etc. But once you launch a dd command, there's nothing to tell you of it's progress. It just sits there ...
223
votes
12answers
202k views

How to revert to GNOME Classic Desktop?

I'm used to GNOME Classic and personally don't want to change to anything else, but it seems there is no more GNOME Classic in the Oneiric release. After apt-get installed gnome-session and all, ...
223
votes
9answers
534k views

What does “sudo apt-get update” do?

I am wondering what sudo apt-get update does? What does it update?
219
votes
7answers
244k views

How to install software or upgrade from an old unsupported release?

Recently I have installed an older version of Ubuntu on my old machine. When ever I am trying to install any software it is giving error sudo -i apt-get install vlc The error being flagged is under ...
219
votes
6answers
232k views

How do I turn on workspaces? (Why do I only have one workspace?)

It appears that Unity on Raring only comes with a single virtual desktop (aka workspaces) by default, and CCSM's Wall plugin has no way to add more. Is this configurable at all?
219
votes
6answers
601k views

How can I create a Windows bootable USB stick using Ubuntu?

I'd like to create a Windows 8 bootable USB stick, but I don't have a Windows machine with me to do so. So how do I do it using Ubuntu?
218
votes
8answers
305k views

Is FFmpeg missing from the official repositories in 14.04?

I tried to install ffmpeg in trusty/Ubuntu 14.04 and got the following message: $sudo apt-get install ffmpeg Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state ...
214
votes
3answers
334k views

Can I move the Unity launcher?

I can’t get used to the new Unity system. I’d like to move the left Unity panel to the bottom of screen (like Windows 7 – more similar is better). But I can't find a way. Is it possible?
213
votes
10answers
1.7m views

How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

I have downloaded tar.gz files. But I don't know how to install it. How do I install this kind of file?
207
votes
7answers
159k views

How to add “Open terminal here” to Nautilus' context menu?

I am working on Ubuntu 12.04 64bit. I want to add "Open terminal here" to Nautilus context or right-click menu but it tries to download 32bit version from Internet.
206
votes
13answers
245k views

Error message when I run sudo: unable to resolve host (none)

I have this issue on AWS on some servers. Whenever I run sudo the terminal is stuck doing seemingly nothing, until it finally spits out this error message. My terminal looks like this: ...
204
votes
7answers
47k views

How to create animated GIF images of a screencast?

I've seen animated GIF images of screen casts (like the one below) promoted a few times on this site as a way to improve answers. What toolchain is being used to create these? Is there a program ...
204
votes
9answers
12k views

Terminal 'incognito mode'?

I use Terminal a lot, and sometimes I am running commands, which aren't things I don't want others to see, but more commands that if I accidentally arrowed up to and accidentally executed would cause ...
200
votes
5answers
810k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
199
votes
20answers
395k views

Command for determining my public IP?

If I check with google, I can see my public IP. Is there something on the Ubuntu command-line which will yield me the same answer?
197
votes
3answers
396k views

What does “cp: omitting directory” mean?

I've issued the following command: sudo cp ~/Transfers/ZendFramework-1.11.4-minimal/library/Zend/* ~/public_html/cmsk.dev/library/ When I do this, I start getting the following messages: cp: ...
193
votes
11answers
213k views

How can I suspend/hibernate from command line?

How can I suspend or hibernate my laptop using command line, without installing additional software?
193
votes
12answers
412k views

How do I find the amount of free space on my hard drive?

Is there a way to quickly check the amount of free / used disk space in Ubuntu? I would assume you could right click on 'file system' in the file browser and choose 'properties' or something but ...
192
votes
13answers
159k views

How to keep processes running after ending ssh session?

Let's say I launch a bunch of processes from a ssh session. Is it possible to terminate the ssh session while keeping those processes running on the remote machine?
192
votes
14answers
270k views

How do I start applications automatically on login?

How can I make an application automatically start when I have logged in?
192
votes
6answers
21k views

How can I make my shell prompt look like a cheeseburger?

I want my shell prompt to look like a cheeseburger! 🍔🍔🍔 It would be nice if it also displayed: username, hostname, and current directory.
190
votes
8answers
259k views

What is the difference between a hard link and a symbolic link?

As the title says, I would like to know the difference between a hard link and a soft link created by the command ln. The command man ln does provide information, but does not sufficiently answer my ...
189
votes
8answers
85k views

Are PPA's safe to add to my system and what are some “red flags” to watch out for?

I see a lot of interesting programs out there that can only be obtained by adding a "PPA" to the system but, if I'm understanding correctly, we should stay within the official "repositories" for ...
188
votes
14answers
67k views

How to change tooltip background color in Unity?

In a lot of applications the tooltips are just plain ugly (White text on black background, way too much contrast) or even unreadable (black or dark blue text (Hyperlinks) on black background). I want ...
183
votes
5answers
279k views

Add user to existing Group

I want to add the Apache user (www-data) to the audio group. I've read the man page for useradd, but I'm not having any luck. I'm running xubuntu 11.10. Here's what I'm doing: $ sudo useradd -G audio ...
183
votes
7answers
382k views

What is the correct way to completely remove an application?

I've searched the net for such information and found different command lines, like these ones: sudo apt-get remove application sudo apt-get remove application* sudo apt-get remove --purge ...
181
votes
15answers
151k views

How to pin Eclipse to the Unity launcher?

How can I pin eclipse indigo 3.7 I have 'installed' at /opt/ to the taskbar? I have tried launching eclipse and right-clicking to choose the 'keep in launcher' option. But when I click that icon, ...
179
votes
4answers
767k views

How do I rename a directory via the command line?

I have got the directory /home/user/oldname and I want to rename it to /home/user/newname. How can I do this in a terminal?
179
votes
1answer
100k views

How can I use docker without sudo?

On Docker's documentation pages, all example commands are shown without sudo, like this one: docker ps On Ubuntu, the binary is called docker.io. It also does not work without sudo: sudo docker.io ...
178
votes
36answers
138k views

What lenses for Unity are available?

This question is present as a matter of historical interest. While you are encouraged to help maintain its answers, please understand that "big list" questions are not generally allowed on ...
177
votes
39answers
501k views

How to fix “The system is running in low-graphics mode” error?

Note: This is an attempt to create a canonical question that covers all instances of "low-graphics mode" error that occurs to a user, including but not limited to installation of wrong ...
173
votes
23answers
188k views

How can I install software or packages without Internet (offline)?

I have a friend who has got a computer that is not connected to the Internet. Is there any way to install software offline easily?
173
votes
16answers
126k views

What's the difference between Google Chrome and/or Chromium? What are the advantages/disadvantages to each?

I used Google Chrome in Windows, and am now using Chromium in Ubuntu. Is there any difference to the two programs? What are the advantages and disadvantages to each program? Which one seems better? ...
172
votes
3answers
61k views

How can I break out of ssh when it locks?

I frequently ssh into my box at home from school, but usually when I change classes and my computer suspends, the pipe will be broken. However, ssh simply locks up - Ctrl+c, Ctrl+z and Ctrl+d have no ...
172
votes
4answers
156k views

What is “dist-upgrade” and why does it upgrade more than “upgrade”?

I was wondering why upgrade sometimes doesn't want to upgrade certain parts of the system, while dist-upgrade does. Here's an example after running update: apt-get upgrade: ...
171
votes
11answers
266k views

How to get bash or ssh into a running container in background mode?

I want to ssh or bash into a running docker container. Please, see example: $ sudo docker run -d webserver webserver is clean image from ubuntu:14.04 $ sudo docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE ...
171
votes
4answers
218k views

Getting “System program problem detected” pops up regularly after upgrade

This started to happen immediately after I had rebooted the first time after doing a system upgrade. It first starts with a dialogue that says "System program problem detected". Then when I try to hit ...
171
votes
9answers
259k views

How can I repair grub? (How to get Ubuntu back after installing Windows?)

I installed Windows 7, which ate Ubuntu's boot file. When starting up the computer, it now goes straight to Windows, without giving me the option of booting Ubuntu. How can I get Ubuntu back?
167
votes
1answer
274k views

Installed Teamviewer using a 64-bits system, but I get a dependency error

I was trying to install Teamviewer, but I was getting a dependency error. I tried to install them, but with no luck. I'm getting this error: Unpacking teamviewer (from teamviewer_linux_x64.deb) ... ...
167
votes
2answers
224k views

How do I install latest PHP in supported Ubuntu versions (like 5.4.x in Ubuntu 12.04)?

I am trying to update to php 5.4 in Ubuntu 12.04, and I can only get 5.3.6 using official repositories (using apt-get). I'm not really sure how to do a manual update – I'm sorta new to ubuntu, but I ...
166
votes
4answers
65k views

Why did the command “:(){ :|: & };:” make my system lag so badly I had to reboot?

DANGER! Do not run this command to 'test' it unless you are prepared for a crash and/or force-rebooting your system. I was in my Virtualbox running 12.04 trying to compile an app, and while ...
166
votes
15answers
100k views

How to backup settings and list of installed packages

If I want to make a backup of everything I have done since the fresh install of Ubuntu, what are the possible options? What all should I backup? I want to get all the settings that I changed, all the ...
165
votes
2answers
320k views

How do I search for available packages from the command-line?

I have successfully installed some packages using the command line 'sudo apt-get install ...' when I have known in advance that those packages are available. But how can I search for or get a list of ...
164
votes
10answers
119k views

Trouble downloading packages list due to a “Hash sum mismatch” error

When I check for updates, I get a "Failed To Download Repository Information" error. This is what comes up under details: W: Failed to fetch ...
164
votes
5answers
147k views

How can I accept the Microsoft EULA agreement for ttf-mscorefonts-installer?

After a recent update, ttf-mscorefonts-installer prompted me to accept its license agreement. For some reason my terminal will not allow me to accept, or for some reason I am pressing the wrong ...

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