252
votes
9answers
597k views

What does “sudo apt-get update” do?

I am wondering what sudo apt-get update does? What does it update?
251
votes
8answers
212k views

How do I fix a “Problem with MergeList” or “status file could not be parsed” error when trying to do an update?

The computer gave me this output in a window: E: Encountered a section with no Package: header E: Problem with MergeList ...
251
votes
11answers
842k views

How do I install Guest Additions in a VirtualBox VM?

I've recently installed Ubuntu on Oracle's Virtualbox. Now I want to install the guest additions. I started up my Ubuntu guest OS, clicked "Devices" and chose "Install Guest Additions". Nothing ...
251
votes
0answers
338k views

How do I install Oracle Java JDK 7? [duplicate]

If I downloaded the latest JDK from Oracle, do I just download the .tar file and extract it to /usr/lib/jvm/?
250
votes
5answers
231k views

What is the 'whoopsie' process and how can I remove it?

On one of my machines I have a process running called "whoopsie". I'm running 12.04 server and never specifically installed anything with this name. Google seems to imply that it has something to ...
247
votes
6answers
689k views

How can I create a Windows bootable USB stick using Ubuntu?

I'd like to create a Windows 8 bootable USB stick, but I don't have a Windows machine with me to do so. So how do I do it using Ubuntu?
238
votes
13answers
143k views

How can I remove Amazon search results from the dash or disable the feature?

How can I disable Amazon search results in the Unity dash?
237
votes
16answers
282k views

Error message when I run sudo: unable to resolve host (none)

I have this issue on AWS on some servers. Whenever I run sudo the terminal is stuck doing seemingly nothing, until it finally spits out this error message. My terminal looks like this: ...
237
votes
19answers
185k views

Flash video appears blue

The Problem After updating to Ubuntu 12.04 from Ubuntu 11.10, all video is still blue, whether playing in a browser or a player. Same problem occurs in 11.10 as well. I have tried to uninstall all ...
236
votes
6answers
252k views

How do I turn on workspaces? (Why do I only have one workspace?)

It appears that Unity on Raring only comes with a single virtual desktop (aka workspaces) by default, and CCSM's Wall plugin has no way to add more. Is this configurable at all?
236
votes
10answers
1.8m views

How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

I have downloaded tar.gz files. But I don't know how to install it. How do I install this kind of file?
235
votes
20answers
462k views

Command for determining my public IP?

If I check with google, I can see my public IP. Is there something on the Ubuntu command-line which will yield me the same answer?
234
votes
9answers
336k views

Is FFmpeg missing from the official repositories in 14.04?

I tried to install ffmpeg in trusty/Ubuntu 14.04 and got the following message: $sudo apt-get install ffmpeg Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state ...
232
votes
12answers
370k views

How to get bash or ssh into a running container in background mode?

I want to ssh or bash into a running docker container. Please, see example: $ sudo docker run -d webserver webserver is clean image from ubuntu:14.04 $ sudo docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE ...
224
votes
7answers
263k views

How to install software or upgrade from an old unsupported release?

Recently I have installed an older version of Ubuntu on my old machine. When ever I am trying to install any software it is giving error sudo -i apt-get install vlc The error being flagged is under ...
224
votes
12answers
207k views

How to revert to GNOME Classic Desktop?

I'm used to GNOME Classic and personally don't want to change to anything else, but it seems there is no more GNOME Classic in the Oneiric release. After apt-get installed gnome-session and all, ...
221
votes
7answers
330k views

Add user to existing Group

I want to add the Apache user (www-data) to the audio group. I've read the man page for useradd, but I'm not having any luck. I'm running xubuntu 11.10. Here's what I'm doing: $ sudo useradd -G audio ...
220
votes
7answers
53k views

How to create animated GIF images of a screencast?

I've seen animated GIF images of screen casts (like the one below) promoted a few times on this site as a way to improve answers. What toolchain is being used to create these? Is there a program ...
220
votes
7answers
177k views

How to add “Open terminal here” to Nautilus' context menu?

I am working on Ubuntu 12.04 64bit. I want to add "Open terminal here" to Nautilus context or right-click menu but it tries to download 32bit version from Internet.
220
votes
4answers
351k views

Can I move the Unity launcher?

I can’t get used to the new Unity system. I’d like to move the left Unity panel to the bottom of screen (like Windows 7 – more similar is better). But I can't find a way. Is it possible?
215
votes
7answers
448k views

What is the correct way to completely remove an application?

I've searched the net for such information and found different command lines, like these ones: sudo apt-get remove application sudo apt-get remove application* sudo apt-get remove --purge ...
214
votes
8answers
297k views

What is the difference between a hard link and a symbolic link?

As the title says, I would like to know the difference between a hard link and a soft link created by the command ln. The command man ln does provide information, but does not sufficiently answer my ...
209
votes
12answers
178k views

How to keep processes running after ending ssh session?

Let's say I launch a bunch of processes from a ssh session. Is it possible to terminate the ssh session while keeping those processes running on the remote machine?
209
votes
12answers
145k views

Trouble downloading packages list due to a “Hash sum mismatch” error

When I check for updates, I get a "Failed To Download Repository Information" error. This is what comes up under details: W: Failed to fetch ...
209
votes
5answers
861k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
209
votes
10answers
12k views

Terminal 'incognito mode'?

I use Terminal a lot, and sometimes I am running commands, which aren't things I don't want others to see, but more commands that if I accidentally arrowed up to and accidentally executed would cause ...
209
votes
14answers
291k views

How do I start applications automatically on login?

How can I make an application automatically start when I have logged in?
209
votes
3answers
438k views

What does “cp: omitting directory” mean?

I've issued the following command: sudo cp ~/Transfers/ZendFramework-1.11.4-minimal/library/Zend/* ~/public_html/cmsk.dev/library/ When I do this, I start getting the following messages: cp: ...
207
votes
12answers
458k views

How do I find the amount of free space on my hard drive?

Is there a way to quickly check the amount of free / used disk space in Ubuntu? I would assume you could right click on 'file system' in the file browser and choose 'properties' or something but ...
207
votes
2answers
129k views

How can I use docker without sudo?

On Docker's documentation pages, all example commands are shown without sudo, like this one: docker ps On Ubuntu, the binary is called docker.io. It also does not work without sudo: sudo docker.io ...
206
votes
5answers
870k views

How do I rename a directory via the command line?

I have got the directory /home/user/oldname and I want to rename it to /home/user/newname. How can I do this in a terminal?
202
votes
11answers
230k views

How can I suspend/hibernate from command line?

How can I suspend or hibernate my laptop using command line, without installing additional software?
197
votes
8answers
91k views

Are PPA's safe to add to my system and what are some “red flags” to watch out for?

I see a lot of interesting programs out there that can only be obtained by adding a "PPA" to the system but, if I'm understanding correctly, we should stay within the official "repositories" for ...
197
votes
6answers
21k views

How can I make my shell prompt look like a cheeseburger?

I want my shell prompt to look like a cheeseburger! 🍔🍔🍔 It would be nice if it also displayed: username, hostname, and current directory.
195
votes
3answers
68k views

How can I break out of ssh when it locks?

I frequently ssh into my box at home from school, but usually when I change classes and my computer suspends, the pipe will be broken. However, ssh simply locks up - Ctrl+c, Ctrl+z and Ctrl+d have no ...
193
votes
2answers
384k views

How do I search for available packages from the command-line?

I have successfully installed some packages using the command line 'sudo apt-get install ...' when I have known in advance that those packages are available. But how can I search for or get a list of ...
191
votes
5answers
474k views

How can I copy the contents of a folder to another folder in a different directory using terminal?

I am trying to copy the contents of a folder to another folder in a different directory using terminal. Would somebody be able to provide me an example of the command line syntax required to achieve ...
189
votes
15answers
69k views

How to change tooltip background color in Unity?

In a lot of applications the tooltips are just plain ugly (White text on black background, way too much contrast) or even unreadable (black or dark blue text (Hyperlinks) on black background). I want ...
188
votes
15answers
160k views

How to pin Eclipse to the Unity launcher?

How can I pin eclipse indigo 3.7 I have 'installed' at /opt/ to the taskbar? I have tried launching eclipse and right-clicking to choose the 'keep in launcher' option. But when I click that icon, ...
187
votes
4answers
180k views

What is “dist-upgrade” and why does it upgrade more than “upgrade”?

I was wondering why upgrade sometimes doesn't want to upgrade certain parts of the system, while dist-upgrade does. Here's an example after running update: apt-get upgrade: ...
186
votes
5answers
240k views

Getting “System program problem detected” pops up regularly after upgrade

This started to happen immediately after I had rebooted the first time after doing a system upgrade. It first starts with a dialogue that says "System program problem detected". Then when I try to hit ...
185
votes
3answers
536k views

What command do I need to unzip/extract a .tar.gz file?

I received a huge .tar.gz file from a client that contains about 800 mb of image files (when uncompressed.) Our hosting company's ftp is seriously slow, so extracting all the files locally and sending ...
184
votes
39answers
534k views

How to fix “The system is running in low-graphics mode” error?

Note: This is an attempt to create a canonical question that covers all instances of "low-graphics mode" error that occurs to a user, including but not limited to installation of wrong ...
183
votes
9answers
284k views

How can I repair grub? (How to get Ubuntu back after installing Windows?)

I installed Windows 7, which ate Ubuntu's boot file. When starting up the computer, it now goes straight to Windows, without giving me the option of booting Ubuntu. How can I get Ubuntu back?
182
votes
16answers
137k views

What's the difference between Google Chrome and/or Chromium? What are the advantages/disadvantages to each?

I used Google Chrome in Windows, and am now using Chromium in Ubuntu. Is there any difference to the two programs? What are the advantages and disadvantages to each program? Which one seems better? ...
181
votes
5answers
942k views

Change folder permissions and ownership

I would like the user to have full rights on this folder (as well as all sub-directories and files in it): ~/.blabla currently owned by root. I have found numerous posts (in this forum and ...
181
votes
6answers
163k views

What is the difference between adduser and useradd?

What is the difference between the commands adduser and useradd?
179
votes
6answers
82k views

How do I find the package that provides a file?

Simple enough question: is there some shell command (or GUI method) I can use that, given the path to a file on my system, tells me what package put it there? Assuming the file did in fact come from a ...
179
votes
5answers
180k views

How do I get a list of installed files from a package?

I want to know where I can find my installed application when I installed it on Ubuntu using package manager. I installed RabbitMQ and ran locate rabbitmq which gave me following result: ...
178
votes
36answers
140k views

What lenses for Unity are available?

This question is present as a matter of historical interest. While you are encouraged to help maintain its answers, please understand that "big list" questions are not generally allowed on ...

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