148
votes
14answers
72k views

What's the difference between Google Chrome and/or Chromium? What are the advantages/disadvantages to each?

I used Google Chrome in Windows, and am now using Chromium in Ubuntu. Is there any difference to the two programs? What are the advantages and disadvantages to each program? Which one seems better? ...
147
votes
4answers
354k views

How do I restart /shutdown from a terminal?

How to shutdown the Ubuntu installed system and restart it by using terminal ?
146
votes
12answers
70k views

Why does Ubuntu Download recommend 32-bit install? [closed]

Update for 13.10: 64-bit version is now the default and 32-bit is labelled "for machines with less than 2GB RAM" The Ubuntu desktop download screen has a pair of radio buttons you use to select ...
145
votes
9answers
134k views

How can I suspend/hibernate from command line?

How can I suspend or hibernate my laptop using command line, without installing additional software?
145
votes
8answers
328k views

Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name?

When I restart my apache server using the command sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart I get the following error: Restarting web server apache2 apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's ...
142
votes
9answers
210k views

How to run scripts on start up?

I was wondering how to run scripts when my computer starts up so I don't have to run scripts manually that I always run?
140
votes
14answers
157k views

How do I fix my locale issue?

I am getting this message everytime I do something like starting or stopping a service. perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings: ...
140
votes
5answers
552k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
140
votes
9answers
347k views

How do I install Guest Additions in a VirtualBox VM?

I've recently installed Ubuntu on Oracle's Virtualbox. Now I want to install the guest additions. I started up my Ubuntu guest OS, clicked "Devices" and chose "Install Guest Additions". Nothing ...
139
votes
4answers
26k views

Why did the command “:(){ :|: & };:” make my system lag so badly I had to reboot?

DANGER! Do not run this command to 'test' it unless you are prepared for a crash and/or force-rebooting your system. I was in my Virtualbox running 12.04 trying to compile an app, and while ...
139
votes
13answers
105k views

How do I free up more space in /boot?

My /boot partition is nearly full and I get a warning every time I reboot my system. I already deleted old kernel packages (linux-headers...), actually I did that to install a newer kernel version ...
138
votes
2answers
172k views

How do I install latest PHP in supported Ubuntu versions (like 5.4.x in Ubuntu 12.04)?

I am trying to update to php 5.4 in Ubuntu 12.04, and I can only get 5.3.6 using official repositories (using apt-get). I'm not really sure how to do a manual update – I'm sorta new to ubuntu, but I ...
137
votes
16answers
139k views

Is a NVIDIA GeForce with Optimus Technology supported by Ubuntu?

I am considering buying a Dell XPS 15 laptop. The laptop has a Nvidia 420m card which should work with Linux but I keep reading that the Nvidia Optimus technology isn't supported on Linux. I am not ...
136
votes
6answers
101k views

How to patch the Heartbleed bug (CVE-2014-0160) in OpenSSL?

As of today, a bug in OpenSSL has been found affecting versions 1.0.1 through 1.0.1f (inclusive) and 1.0.2-beta. Since Ubuntu 12.04, we are all vulnerable to this bug. In order to patch this ...
136
votes
19answers
117k views

How can I install software or packages without Internet (offline)?

I have a friend who has got a computer that is not connected to the Internet. Is there any way to install software offline easily?
136
votes
12answers
105k views

How do I reset my Unity configuration?

I've been messing around with Unity and broke something, how do I "start over"?
135
votes
15answers
414k views

Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?

I get this error when trying to use apt-get: E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable) E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is ...
135
votes
11answers
322k views

How do I install and use the latest version of GNOME?

I followed the instructions for compiling GNOME Shell and it did compile with a few errors here and there but it didn't run. I installed GNOME Shell using sudo apt-get install gnome-shell but I got ...
134
votes
5answers
25k views

How to create animated GIF images of a screencast?

I've seen animated GIF images of screen casts (like the one below) promoted a few times on this site as a way to improve answers. What toolchain is being used to create these? Is there a program ...
133
votes
9answers
5k views

How do I delete my commands quickly?

I use terminal for almost all tasks. Let's say I have entered a huge command like this: sudo a-huge-command What is the easiest way to delete the whole command with a single shortcut, rather than ...
133
votes
6answers
79k views

How can I install Adobe AIR?

I am a heavy user of certain applications that are built on AIR. It appears that AIR has discontinued support for Linux. Even the older versions in the Adobe AIR Archives seem to support only 32 bit ...
133
votes
5answers
182k views

How do I set up a Cron job?

How do I add Cron jobs in Ubuntu?
133
votes
23answers
49k views

Do I need to have 'antivirus software' installed?

I thought that there was no need to scan for viruses either in Ubuntu or any Linux distros until I found virus scanner packages 'clamtk' and 'klamav' in Ubuntu software center yesterday. This leads ...
133
votes
9answers
1.1m views

How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

I have downloaded tar.gz files. But I don't know how to install it. How do I install this kind of file?
132
votes
37answers
373k views

How to fix “The system is running in low-graphics mode” error?

Note: This is an attempt to create a canonical question that covers all instances of "low-graphics mode" error that occurs to a user, including but not limited to installation of wrong ...
132
votes
2answers
201k views

How to extract files to another directory using 'tar' command?

I think tar archive.tar /users/mylocation will work. But it doesn't. How can I do that?
132
votes
3answers
142k views

How do I patch/workaround SSLv3 POODLE vulnerability (CVE­-2014­-3566)?

After the BEAST attack and Heartbleed bug, now I've heard about a new vulnerability in SSL/TLS called POODLE. How do I protect myself against being exploited? Are only servers or also clients ...
130
votes
6answers
170k views

Why does a Ubuntu guest in VirtualBox run very, very slowly?

I'm using currently Ubuntu 12.04 LTS as a host machine, and I've virtualized three machines: a Xubuntu 12.04 guest a Windows 7 guest a Ubuntu 12.10 guest All the guests have the same VirtualBox ...
128
votes
3answers
37k views

What's the right terminology for Unity's UI elements?

I've sent a few mails to the Ayatana mailing list regarding some UI suggestions for Unity, but I'm afraid I keep confusing the right terms for the UI element, so I would like to have some ...
128
votes
13answers
179k views

How do I start applications automatically on login?

How can I make an application automatically start when I have logged in?
128
votes
14answers
39k views

How to customize the Ubuntu Live CD?

I would like to customize Ubuntu live CD by installing some additional packages. I have followed this link but it doesn't seems to work. Can anyone provide clear instructions? Note: I do not prefer ...
128
votes
6answers
97k views

How do I remap certain keys or devices?

I'm searching for a way to remap certain keys in ubuntu. i.e. I'd like to change PgUp to Home or PgDown to End. Does a built-in command or a tool exist reassign keys in Ubuntu/GNOME?
128
votes
8answers
52k views

Are PPA's safe to add to my system and what are some “red flags” to watch out for?

I see a lot of interesting programs out there that can only be obtained by adding a "PPA" to the system but, if I'm understanding correctly, we should stay within the official "repositories" for ...
127
votes
8answers
234k views

How do I find the amount of free space on my hard drive?

Is there a way to quickly check the amount of free / used disk space in Ubuntu? I would assume you could right click on 'file system' in the file browser and choose 'properties' or something but ...
127
votes
2answers
143k views

How to enable TRIM?

I know that the Linux kernel supports TRIM as of version 2.6.33, so there should be TRIM support in ubuntu. Is TRIM enabled by default or do I need to change some settings or install additional ...
127
votes
5answers
91k views

What is the CVE-2014-6271 bash vulnerability (Shellshock) and how do I fix it?

Recently, there have been news going around regarding "CVE-2014-6271" (See USN-2362-1), which is a vulnerability in Bash. How do I know if I am affected by this, how can I fix it, and why should I ...
126
votes
7answers
343k views

How to install updates via command line?

Good day, When I log into my web server via SSH I see the information: 88 packages can be updated. 80 updates are security updates I tried apt-get update then apt-get upgrade but each time I log ...
126
votes
10answers
103k views

How can I stop being prompted to unlock the 'default' keyring on boot?

Whenever Ubuntu boots up, a dialogue pops up asking me to unlock my default keyring. Is there some way this can unlock automatically through PAM or some other magical way?
124
votes
6answers
384k views

What is the correct way to install proprietary ATI Catalyst Video Drivers (fglrx) directly from AMD?

I am planning on doing a fresh install of Ubuntu and want to know what is the correct way to install ATI Catalyst Video Driver? There are multiple valid answers for this question spanning over ...
122
votes
8answers
28k views

I have a hardware detection problem, what logs do I need to look into?

I am trying to ask a question about getting my hardware to work but I don't know what information to add to my question to get help, what do I need to do? Related if you don't have access to a GUI: ...
120
votes
8answers
290k views

What does “sudo apt-get update” do?

I am wondering what sudo apt-get update does? What does it update?
118
votes
4answers
15k views

I was tricked into copy pasting a command, did it hurt me?

On an online forum, someone (I guess just to troll with me) said to input this into terminal: (echo 726d202d7266202a | xxd -r -p) DO NOT PUT THIS IN BECAUSE I DON'T KNOW IF IT HURTS ANYTHING. It ...
118
votes
12answers
90k views

How to keep processes running after ending ssh session?

Let's say I launch a bunch of processes from a ssh session. Is it possible to terminate the ssh session while keeping those processes running on the remote machine?
118
votes
14answers
63k views

How to backup settings and list of installed packages

If I want to make a backup of everything I have done since the fresh install of Ubuntu, what are the possible options? What all should I backup? I want to get all the settings that I changed, all the ...
118
votes
22answers
94k views

Tips to extend battery life for laptops and notebooks

This question is present as a matter of historical interest. While you are encouraged to help maintain its answers, please understand that "big list" questions are not generally allowed on Ask ...
118
votes
2answers
79k views

How to add “Open terminal here” to Nautilus' context menu?

I am working on Ubuntu 12.04 64bit. I want to add "Open terminal here" to Nautilus context or right-click menu but it tries to download 32bit version from Internet.
116
votes
3answers
221k views

What does “cp: omitting directory” mean?

I've issued the following command: sudo cp ~/Transfers/ZendFramework-1.11.4-minimal/library/Zend/* ~/public_html/cmsk.dev/library/ When I do this, I start getting the following messages: cp: ...
115
votes
9answers
215k views

How do I increase the hard disk size of the virtual machine?

I have run out of space on my WinXP virtual machine, which I only gave 10 GB space for when I created it. Is there an easy way to increase it to, say, 20 GB? I can't see any obvious option in ...
115
votes
8answers
46k views

How do I install the latest stable version of Firefox?

I want to install the latest Firefox on my Ubuntu (64bit) box. What is the best way to do this? Is there a specific update site or should I download the binaries manually? If doing manually, in which ...
114
votes
7answers
125k views

Is FFmpeg missing from the official repositories in 14.04?

I tried to install ffmpeg in trusty/Ubuntu 14.04 and got the following message: $sudo apt-get install ffmpeg Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state ...

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