170
votes
36answers
132k views

What lenses for Unity are available?

This question is present as a matter of historical interest. While you are encouraged to help maintain its answers, please understand that "big list" questions are not generally allowed on ...
169
votes
13answers
132k views

How do I free up more space in /boot?

My /boot partition is nearly full and I get a warning every time I reboot my system. I already deleted old kernel packages (linux-headers...), actually I did that to install a newer kernel version ...
164
votes
14answers
124k views

How to pin Eclipse to the Unity launcher?

How can I pin eclipse indigo 3.7 I have 'installed' at /opt/ to the taskbar? I have tried launching eclipse and right-clicking to choose the 'keep in launcher' option. But when I click that icon, ...
164
votes
7answers
252k views

How to run scripts on start up?

I was wondering how to run scripts when my computer starts up so I don't have to run scripts manually that I always run?
164
votes
7answers
174k views

How to install software or upgrade from an old unsupported release?

Recently I have installed an older version of Ubuntu on my old machine. When ever I am trying to install any software it is giving error sudo -i apt-get install vlc The error being flagged is under ...
164
votes
10answers
466k views

How do I install Guest Additions in a VirtualBox VM?

I've recently installed Ubuntu on Oracle's Virtualbox. Now I want to install the guest additions. I started up my Ubuntu guest OS, clicked "Devices" and chose "Install Guest Additions". Nothing ...
163
votes
14answers
204k views

How do I fix my locale issue?

I am getting this message every time I do something like starting or stopping a service. perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings: ...
163
votes
14answers
494k views

Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?

I get this error when trying to use apt-get: E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable) E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is ...
160
votes
5answers
224k views

How do I set up a Cron job?

How do I add Cron jobs in Ubuntu?
159
votes
5answers
628k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
159
votes
15answers
81k views

What's the difference between Google Chrome and/or Chromium? What are the advantages/disadvantages to each?

I used Google Chrome in Windows, and am now using Chromium in Ubuntu. Is there any difference to the two programs? What are the advantages and disadvantages to each program? Which one seems better? ...
158
votes
7answers
449k views

How to install updates via command line?

Good day, When I log into my web server via SSH I see the information: 88 packages can be updated. 80 updates are security updates I tried apt-get update then apt-get upgrade but each time I log ...
157
votes
9answers
1.3m views

How do I install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file?

I have downloaded tar.gz files. But I don't know how to install it. How do I install this kind of file?
156
votes
9answers
157k views

How can I suspend/hibernate from command line?

How can I suspend or hibernate my laptop using command line, without installing additional software?
155
votes
8answers
104k views

How to add “Open terminal here” to Nautilus' context menu?

I am working on Ubuntu 12.04 64bit. I want to add "Open terminal here" to Nautilus context or right-click menu but it tries to download 32bit version from Internet.
153
votes
7answers
189k views

Is FFmpeg missing from the official repositories in 14.04?

I tried to install ffmpeg in trusty/Ubuntu 14.04 and got the following message: $sudo apt-get install ffmpeg Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state ...
150
votes
5answers
30k views

How to create animated GIF images of a screencast?

I've seen animated GIF images of screen casts (like the one below) promoted a few times on this site as a way to improve answers. What toolchain is being used to create these? Is there a program ...
150
votes
8answers
62k views

Are PPA's safe to add to my system and what are some “red flags” to watch out for?

I see a lot of interesting programs out there that can only be obtained by adding a "PPA" to the system but, if I'm understanding correctly, we should stay within the official "repositories" for ...
148
votes
19answers
137k views

How can I install software or packages without Internet (offline)?

I have a friend who has got a computer that is not connected to the Internet. Is there any way to install software offline easily?
147
votes
12answers
71k views

Why does Ubuntu Download recommend 32-bit install? [closed]

Update for 13.10: 64-bit version is now the default and 32-bit is labelled "for machines with less than 2GB RAM" The Ubuntu desktop download screen has a pair of radio buttons you use to select ...
147
votes
2answers
188k views

How do I install latest PHP in supported Ubuntu versions (like 5.4.x in Ubuntu 12.04)?

I am trying to update to php 5.4 in Ubuntu 12.04, and I can only get 5.3.6 using official repositories (using apt-get). I'm not really sure how to do a manual update – I'm sorta new to ubuntu, but I ...
146
votes
9answers
359k views

What does “sudo apt-get update” do?

I am wondering what sudo apt-get update does? What does it update?
144
votes
4answers
36k views

Why did the command “:(){ :|: & };:” make my system lag so badly I had to reboot?

DANGER! Do not run this command to 'test' it unless you are prepared for a crash and/or force-rebooting your system. I was in my Virtualbox running 12.04 trying to compile an app, and while ...
143
votes
10answers
283k views

How do I find the amount of free space on my hard drive?

Is there a way to quickly check the amount of free / used disk space in Ubuntu? I would assume you could right click on 'file system' in the file browser and choose 'properties' or something but ...
143
votes
12answers
118k views

How do I reset my Unity configuration?

I've been messing around with Unity and broke something, how do I "start over"?
143
votes
5answers
673k views

How to delete a non-empty directory in Terminal?

How do I delete the following directory? I typed: rmdir lampp This error comes up: rmdir: failed to remove `lampp': Directory not empty Is there a command to delete all the files in the ...
143
votes
13answers
205k views

How do I start applications automatically on login?

How can I make an application automatically start when I have logged in?
143
votes
37answers
413k views

How to fix “The system is running in low-graphics mode” error?

Note: This is an attempt to create a canonical question that covers all instances of "low-graphics mode" error that occurs to a user, including but not limited to installation of wrong ...
141
votes
6answers
188k views

Why does a Ubuntu guest in VirtualBox run very, very slowly?

I'm using currently Ubuntu 12.04 LTS as a host machine, and I've virtualized three machines: a Xubuntu 12.04 guest a Windows 7 guest a Ubuntu 12.10 guest All the guests have the same VirtualBox ...
141
votes
23answers
59k views

Do I need to have 'antivirus software' installed?

I thought that there was no need to scan for viruses either in Ubuntu or any Linux distros until I found virus scanner packages 'clamtk' and 'klamav' in Ubuntu software center yesterday. This leads ...
138
votes
11answers
331k views

How do I install and use the latest version of GNOME?

I followed the instructions for compiling GNOME Shell and it did compile with a few errors here and there but it didn't run. I installed GNOME Shell using sudo apt-get install gnome-shell but I got ...
138
votes
16answers
146k views

Is a NVIDIA GeForce with Optimus Technology supported by Ubuntu?

I am considering buying a Dell XPS 15 laptop. The laptop has a Nvidia 420m card which should work with Linux but I keep reading that the Nvidia Optimus technology isn't supported on Linux. I am not ...
138
votes
4answers
164k views

How do I patch/workaround SSLv3 POODLE vulnerability (CVE­-2014­-3566)?

After the BEAST attack and Heartbleed bug, now I've heard about a new vulnerability in SSL/TLS called POODLE. How do I protect myself against being exploited? Are only servers or also clients ...
137
votes
6answers
107k views

How to patch the Heartbleed bug (CVE-2014-0160) in OpenSSL?

As of today, a bug in OpenSSL has been found affecting versions 1.0.1 through 1.0.1f (inclusive) and 1.0.2-beta. Since Ubuntu 12.04, we are all vulnerable to this bug. In order to patch this ...
137
votes
7answers
87k views

How can I install Adobe AIR?

I am a heavy user of certain applications that are built on AIR. It appears that AIR has discontinued support for Linux. Even the older versions in the Adobe AIR Archives seem to support only 32 bit ...
137
votes
6answers
111k views

How do I remap certain keys or devices?

I'm searching for a way to remap certain keys in ubuntu. i.e. I'd like to change PgUp to Home or PgDown to End. Does a built-in command or a tool exist reassign keys in Ubuntu/GNOME?
136
votes
2answers
153k views

How to enable TRIM?

I know that the Linux kernel supports TRIM as of version 2.6.33, so there should be TRIM support in ubuntu. Is TRIM enabled by default or do I need to change some settings or install additional ...
136
votes
10answers
115k views

How can I stop being prompted to unlock the 'default' keyring on boot?

Whenever Ubuntu boots up, a dialogue pops up asking me to unlock my default keyring. Is there some way this can unlock automatically through PAM or some other magical way?
135
votes
14answers
44k views

How to customize the Ubuntu Live CD?

I would like to customize Ubuntu live CD by installing some additional packages. I have followed this but it doesn't seems to work. Can anyone provide clear instructions? Note: I do not prefer ...
134
votes
9answers
6k views

How do I delete my commands quickly?

I use terminal for almost all tasks. Let's say I have entered a huge command like this: sudo a-huge-command What is the easiest way to delete the whole command with a single shortcut, rather than ...
132
votes
12answers
106k views

How to keep processes running after ending ssh session?

Let's say I launch a bunch of processes from a ssh session. Is it possible to terminate the ssh session while keeping those processes running on the remote machine?
132
votes
10answers
111k views

How do you monitor the progress of dd?

dd is a wonder allowing you to duplicate a hard drive to another, completely zero a hard drive, etc. But once you launch a dd command, there's nothing to tell you of it's progress. It just sits there ...
132
votes
3answers
38k views

What's the right terminology for Unity's UI elements?

I've sent a few mails to the Ayatana mailing list regarding some UI suggestions for Unity, but I'm afraid I keep confusing the right terms for the UI element, so I would like to have some ...
131
votes
4answers
148k views

Getting “System program problem detected” pops up regularly after upgrade

This started to happen immediately after I had rebooted the first time after doing a system upgrade. It first starts with a dialogue that says "System program problem detected". Then when I try to hit ...
131
votes
6answers
413k views

What is the correct way to install proprietary ATI Catalyst Video Drivers (fglrx) directly from AMD?

I am planning on doing a fresh install of Ubuntu and want to know what is the correct way to install ATI Catalyst Video Driver? There are multiple valid answers for this question spanning over ...
131
votes
3answers
268k views

What does “cp: omitting directory” mean?

I've issued the following command: sudo cp ~/Transfers/ZendFramework-1.11.4-minimal/library/Zend/* ~/public_html/cmsk.dev/library/ When I do this, I start getting the following messages: cp: ...
128
votes
3answers
92k views

How do I enable or disable Apport?

The system crash dialog is annoying me, how can I turn it off? I'd also like to know how to turn it back on just in case I need it to report a problem.
128
votes
5answers
94k views

What is the CVE-2014-6271 bash vulnerability (Shellshock) and how do I fix it?

Recently, there have been news going around regarding "CVE-2014-6271" (See USN-2362-1), which is a vulnerability in Bash. How do I know if I am affected by this, how can I fix it, and why should I ...
127
votes
12answers
145k views

Error message when I run sudo: unable to resolve host (none)

I have this issue on AWS on some servers. Whenever I run sudo the terminal is stuck doing seemingly nothing, until it finally spits out this error message. My terminal looks like this: ...
127
votes
14answers
74k views

How to backup settings and list of installed packages

If I want to make a backup of everything I have done since the fresh install of Ubuntu, what are the possible options? What all should I backup? I want to get all the settings that I changed, all the ...

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