Questions related to the sudo command that allows users to run programs with the privileges of a different user (normally the root user).

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6
votes
2answers
10k views

Run apt-get without sudo

This might be a very naive question, but I wanted to know how I could give multiple users access to a single computer without making them root users. How would I give them limitted sudo access such ...
6
votes
4answers
21k views

Sudo doesn't work

I edited my sudoers file in /etc and after that I can't use sudo anymore. I get this whenever I issue the command: sudo: >>> /etc/sudoers: syntax error near line 30 <<< sudo: parse ...
6
votes
2answers
27k views

Cannot connect to X Server when running app with sudo

When I am running some software using sudo command it showing error like cannot connect to X server For example if I run the following command: $ sudo gedit /etc/profile I am getting ...
6
votes
4answers
18k views

Deleted Myself from Admin Group - Now Getting Error usermod: cannot lock /etc/passwd; try again later [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Cannot lock '/etc/group' in recovery mode I have a laptop with Ubuntu 11.10 that is shared between myself and two other family members. My user id was setup as ...
6
votes
2answers
13k views

How to solve “sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable”

How can I fix the following error with sudo? /etc$ sudo sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable usage: sudo [-D level] -h | -K | -k | -V usage: sudo -v [-AknS] [-D level] [-g groupname|#gid] [-p ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to configure pkexec to not ask for password?

I have a GUI application that needs to call a daemon (written in Python) with superuser privileges. I would like to do this without prompting the user for a password. Since the daemon is a script, I ...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

How to allow execution without using the sudo?

I am writing a Java application where i need to do a command line execution and get a result back, but when i execute the command, it ask for sudo password. So far i tried: $ sudo -s $ vim ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

Disabling shutdown command for all users, even root - consequences?

I would like to disable the shutdown command for all users, even root, on an Ubuntu Server installation. The reason I want to do this is to ensure that I don't get into the habit of shutting down the ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

/etc/environment and /etc/profile.d/* ignored for the root user [duplicate]

How do I set global environment variables in Ubuntu, in such a way, that they would apply also to root user? Setting PATH or JAVA_HOME in /etc/environment or in /etc/profile.d/my_settings.sh both ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I ensure the `snd-hda-intel` module is loaded on startup?

I need to type sudo modprobe snd-hda-intel in order to get my sound card to work. What config file do I need to edit and what edit should I be looking to make so I can get the sound driver loading ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Errors followed by command “Sudo nautilus”

I have opened Nautilus with root power to delete some items.When I typed Sudo nautilus,the particular window opened up,but some errors also came along with it as following: meego@meego-Notebook-PC:~$ ...
6
votes
2answers
323 views

To be granted root rights while browsing files/directories with Nautilus 2.30

I'd like to know if there a way to be granted root rights while using Nautilus 2.30 ? For example I'd like to move some old folders of long unused users from the home directory - remains of previous ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the equivalent of gksudo in Kubuntu/KDE?

In regular Ubuntu (Unity/Gnome), I use gksudo to run GUI programs with root privileges. I'm trying out Kubuntu (or KDE) now -- what do I use?
6
votes
1answer
22k views

“error: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment.” when attempting to run nautilus as root

I am attempting to run nautilus as root but when I run "sudo nautilus" from the terminal, I get the following error: error: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment. (nautilus:9341): ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Can't perform regular sudo commands, have to use su now

I'm an ubuntu newbie I just installed 10.10 and I don't know what I did but now to perform actions that required sudo privileges (open synaptic, mount device, run apt-get install, etc) the OS won't ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

How do I safely run a graphical application as a normal user while root?

We often talk about using gksu, sudo -i and pkexec to run things as root while a normal user but I'm facing the opposite problem today. The script I'm using is running as root. I need it to start a ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Run script as root at login (no sudoer user, shell session)

Much like /etc/profile and ~/.profile but ran by root instead of the user is doing login. /etc/rc.local runs after boot but I need running the script before login. The user is not a sudoer one. ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Lost sudo privileges [duplicate]

Last night I was working on installing vsftpd on my Ubuntu 12.10 server. I shutdown last night and when I booted up this morning I seemed to have lost the abilities to sudo anything. It just says, "** ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Opening terminal asks for sudo password

Whenever I open a new terminal within 12.04, I am prompted to enter my sudo password. Why is this happening?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I work around sudo 'segmentation fault' on basic bash commands?

I am sure the answers are out there, but alas there are too many answers (here and elsewhere) to other questions stopping me from finding them. I just encountered something substantially similar to ...
5
votes
3answers
879 views

Why is this bypassing the SUDO password?

I have a bash script I am using to automate a SVN checkout. The contents of the file were: #!/bin/bash cd /var/www-cake sudo svn checkout file:///usr/local/svn/bash_repo/repo/ Then when I double ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I use “sudo” before “make install”?

I am installing the latest FFmpeg from this guide: In some places it suggests performing make install without sudo, here is a single example of several: cd ~/ffmpeg_sources wget ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

how to shutdown a linux machine, including the root password, in 1 line?

How do you include the root password, say for shutting down an ubuntu machine? like, sudo shutdown now is it possible to include the password on this 1 line? like an extra parameter? reason for ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I change the default editor of the sudoedit command to be vim?

I'm trying to use sudoedit, but it keeps running the nano editor. My preferred editor is vim. How can I make it the default? Looking at the man page, man sudoedit, I've noticed the following: ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

What's the difference between 'sudo [command]' and 'sudo sh [command]?

I'm trying to install VMware Workstation in my Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS. If I execute the following command: sudo ./VMware-Workstation-9.0.1-894247.x86_64.bundle it finishes at once and the installation ...
5
votes
4answers
8k views

How do i transfer files over ssh after sudo?

I have access to a box over ssh and there are some files i'd like to transfer to another machine, but those are only accessible under another account so if i ssh with 1, then sudo 2 i can browse them ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

sudo does not ask for password [duplicate]

Whenever I issue command sudo apt-get install foo it does not ask for password. is it because of user groups? How to make it prompt for password? Edit: My sudoers file apple@Ascension:~$ sudo cat ...
5
votes
3answers
688 views

My password can log me in, but nothing else (“user is not in the sudoers file” error when I try)

I recently got a new user account for Ubuntu 12.04 on Linux after becoming unable to log in to one of my earlier accounts. I can log in to this account easily enough, but when I try to use the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What does this code do if entered in a terminal?

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:langdalepl/gvfs-mtp sudo apt-get update Then, launch Software Updater (previously known as Update Manager) and install the available updates. After you update everything ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

“Permission denied” error when editing /etc/ld.so.conf

When I run this command it fails: sudo echo '/usr/local/lib' >> /etc/ld.so.conf bash: /etc/ld.so.conf: Permission denied I don't have any problem running sudo for other tasks. I am using ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

I accidentally removed myself from sudoers, how can I fix this? [duplicate]

I have one admin account and recently I have accidentally added myself to a single group (usermod -G without -a). So, I am not in the sudoers file any more. However, it is not possible to log in to ...
5
votes
3answers
18k views

How do I become a “superuser”?

The following command fails with an error: $ dpkg -i libmotif*i386.deb dpkg: error: requested operation requires superuser privilege How do I become a superuser? I thought I was the superuser?
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does Software Centre ask for root password when the default is for root to be disabled with no password set?

This seems odd to me. I can't install software using the "friendly" GUI tool unless I input the root password but by default, my Ubuntu 12.04 has root disabled with no password set. Why doesn't ...
5
votes
3answers
21k views

Password not working for sudo (“Authentication failure”)

Before I mention anything further, DO NOT give me a response saying that terminal won't show password input. I'm AWARE of that. I'm typing my user password in (not a capslock issue), and for some ...
5
votes
3answers
182 views

How to do a sudo verification that lasts long enough for (unprivileged) make to finish?

I often use the following construct for building and installing a tarball: sudo -v && make && sudo make install which will allow me to enter my password immediately and have ...
5
votes
2answers
466 views

How to prevent users from installing non-free software?

Is it possible to disable installation of non-free or proprietary softwares and applications in Ubuntu?
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Some programs not found when used with sudo

I just installed go to /usr/local/go, and in ~/.bashrc added this line: export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin Now go works from the command line, but sudo go gives me: $ sudo go sudo: go: command ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

sudo: unable to stat /etc/sudoers: No such file or directory - File Exists

I am one of a few people managing a gaming server. The Server is currently running Ubuntu 14.04, which was installed just 3 weeks ago. Everything was running fine until a few days ago, we've had a ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I prevent git from requiring sudo on every git command

I created a directory /var/www to store my web apps clone in. When I initially cloned the app from github it required me to use sudo and every time I do a git pull it's requiring sudo. I'm running ...
5
votes
1answer
462 views

Where are unauthorized sudo attempts reported to

Where are unauthorized sudo attempts reported to? When you attempt to use sudo, and are not allowed, a message says that the attempt will be reported. Is this only reported in var/log/auth.log ? or ...
5
votes
2answers
100 views

what 'sudo' means for root?

I'm running the following commands in Ubuntu 14.04: root@ubuntu:~# service rpki-ca restart stop: Unknown job: rpki-ca start: Unknown job: rpki-ca root@ubuntu:~# sudo service rpki-ca restart rpki-ca ...
5
votes
2answers
126 views

How do I tell a shell script my password?

I've been trying to create a script that runs sudo apt-get update and sudo apt-get autoremove whenever I log in. It goes like this: #!/bin/bash (sudo apt-get update) (sudo apt-get autoremove) But ...
5
votes
2answers
353 views

What is the difference between sudo -i and sudo -s

I am new ubuntu user and found some people telling me to use sudo -i to get to root and others tell me to use sudo -s. What is the difference? Which one do I use and when?
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Authentication required to Mount a Device

Today I came across a very strange message when today i double click the drive WHICH HAS NTFS FORMAT it give me this message THAT AUTHENTICATION IS REQUIRED TO MOUNT A DEVICE I know with root user ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Changed owner of /usr/bin

I did it... I guess everyone does it sometime, but this was my first. I executed sudo chown -R /usr/bin and before I realized my mistake, it was too late... Now I can't access sudo because I receive ...
5
votes
1answer
922 views

Error when trying to run an app with sudo or gksudo

I'm not sure what happened. A few days ago I installed some updates and now i get an error whenever I try to run sudo nautilus. If I run gksudo nautilus it hangs for a few seconds then does nothing. ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

How do I allow a group (except one user in that group) to use sudo without a password?

How do I allow an entire group, except a certain user in that group, to use sudo without providing password?
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I drop all elevated privileges through the terminal?

I did some authentication mounting where I added code like timestamp_timeout on sudoer. This setting will effect every mounting, where you must enter the user password. After entering the password ...
5
votes
2answers
538 views

How does the shutdown button works without asking for password? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to shutdown/restart/suspend … without authentication or confirmation? If shutdown asks for password (and so does every program which has the option to turn ...
4
votes
7answers
61k views

How can I determine the sudo password?

What is the default password of the sudo? I visit some forums, it tells that the default password is password, but it doesn't work, how can I determine the password?