Questions related to the sudo command that allows users to run programs with the privileges of a different user (normally the root user).

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1answer
3k views

Running a program as another user without typing a password

I'm trying to mark my browser internet traffic with a DSCP by selecting the packages with a certain owner. In order to do that I have to start my browser with a dummy user. I start my browser by ...
-1
votes
2answers
493 views

Why gedit can't be used with sudo? [duplicate]

I read this answer explaining that "sometimes" root can own something at /home/$USER directory. Can anyone give an example how to prove it. Just give a test case when something really bad happens, ...
8
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1answer
572 views

Use one password for administration and another for system login

How can I give a user one password for normal usage when logging in, and another password for system administration and sudo access? I want one user to have two passwords.
6
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2answers
11k views

What's the difference between 'sudo [command]' and 'sudo sh [command]?

I'm trying to install VMware Workstation in my Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS. If I execute the following command: sudo ./VMware-Workstation-9.0.1-894247.x86_64.bundle it finishes at once and the installation ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Password not working in Graphical Applications (gksu)? Works with sudo

I am having a problem where when I try to run say GParted, when I am prompted for a password, it says "Incorrect Password" But when I enter the same password using terminal sudo gparted for example, ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How to get GUI sudo password prompt without command line?

Currently, for all my commands that require root access, I have to type them out on a command line. I would like for the GUI to prompt me to key in my password, when sudo is required, instead of ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Can't login to my account, I know the password

I use Xubuntu 14.04 64 bit. I was watching a movie, the desktop froze (as usual duh!), I logged out using a terminal, and couldn't log in to my account after that, I'm using a terminal. I type my ...
4
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1answer
10k views

problems with sudo permissions - /var/lib/sudo owned by uid

my system is a new 11.04 ubuntu and i recently started working with LAMP. some how, when i tried to change permissions of the var/www/ for netbeans to work on the local server, and did something that ...
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3answers
6k views

How to reset default permissions for /etc?

By mistake I have made permission changes for /etc. Now it's giving me the following error message: bash: /etc/bash.bashrc: Permission denied I have no name!@chandan-Inspiron-5520:~$ sudo ...
7
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2answers
4k views

How do I make a sudo command start at start-up with a 1 minute delay?

I would like to make a sudo command (sudo service smbd restart) run after 1 minute of being logged on. How would I go about doing this? P.S. This is a system with no monitor, mouse, keyboard or ...
5
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1answer
426 views

How to get sudo to prompt you for a password each time

I find that if I execute something using sudo that then if I execute something else soon after also using sudo, that it does not prompt me for my password, and although this can be inconvenient in ...
5
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1answer
30k views

Open file or application as root from GUI

Is it possible to open a file or application as root from the GUI? My ideal would be right-clicking on a file or an application and seeing an "Open as Root" choice in the context menu, after which I ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Standards accounts are able to get root access using sudo without password request

I have installed a particular software using the installer present using the command sudo ./install.sh. After the installation now all the accounts on my ubuntu laptop can gain root access by ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I give root privileges to an app?

I tried to submit an app to the Ubuntu Software Centre but it was rejected because you needed to put in the admin password to use it. I need to grant root privileges to the app for it to function so I ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

Firefox doesn't launch in Ubuntu 13.04

Firefox starts when I use sudo in the terminal, but not from the launcher. All the other apps work like a charm, just not Firefox. How can I fix this?
2
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1answer
2k views

Sudo is also user login password - why? how to change?

When installing Ubuntu I can create a user with an encrypted folder, what I always do. Now after the installation the login password for this user is also the sudo password. Is that how it should be? ...
1
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5answers
21k views

Sudo not available in guest login

When I login as guest I am unable to execute any command with sudo. E.g.: sudo ps returns: sudo: unable to change to sudoers gid: Operation not permitted How can I fix this?
0
votes
1answer
625 views

Cannot undo sudo chmod 655 /

I've accidentally run 'sudo chmod 655 /', and now I cannot undo this operation again because I cannot access sudo anymore. I'd actually wanted the permission to be set to 755. Is there any way I can ...
61
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7answers
6k views

What does `!!` mean in `sudo !!`?

I am a user of Ubuntu with not much experience and I have been using sudo. What does sudo !! do and how?
15
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2answers
3k views

Why do I need root privileges to umount a drive at the command line, but not in nautilus? How to change?

When I insert a thumb drive, media card, or USB hard drive, to unmount it via the command line, I need to use sudo umount /media/the_device But, I can unmount the device in a file manager like ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does echoing these parameters with sudo not work? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: sudo & redirect output These are suggestions given by powertop to save energy: echo 1500 > /proc/sys/vm/dirty_writeback_centisecs echo 1 > ...
8
votes
3answers
23k views

Adding NOPASSWD in /etc/sudoers doesn't work

On 14.04 here. I SSHed into my machine, added the following line to /etc/sudoers: myuser ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL And then tried running: sudo mkdir /etc/blah ...and I'm being asked for my password. ...
55
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7answers
5k views

Can sudo be reinstalled after being removed?

This seems to be a chicken-egg problem. The most common task using sudo is installing and removing software. sudo apt-get purge <appname> But sudo itself can be removed. sudo apt-get purge ...
32
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5answers
6k views

What's wrong with using sudo?

In a comment here I've been told that unnecessarily using sudo should be avoided. While it wasn't needed in that particular case, I don't see any harm in using it. I think that when executing trivial ...
20
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4answers
49k views

sudo: source: command not found

I've been updating some of the default profile for bash, and saw from the tutorials I was following that I could reload the new profile with the new environment settings by using: source ...
6
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2answers
13k views

Run apt-get without sudo

This might be a very naive question, but I wanted to know how I could give multiple users access to a single computer without making them root users. How would I give them limitted sudo access such ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

how to shutdown a linux machine, including the root password, in 1 line?

How do you include the root password, say for shutting down an ubuntu machine? like, sudo shutdown now is it possible to include the password on this 1 line? like an extra parameter? reason for ...
15
votes
6answers
41k views

How can I fix broken sudo - sudo: parse error in /etc/sudoers near line 23?

I am getting this error: sudo: parse error in /etc/sudoers near line 23 sudo: no valid sudoers sources found, quitting sudo: unable to initialize policy plugin I was trying to disable password ...
13
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2answers
36k views

sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu-server [duplicate]

I have a problem with sudo. Every time when I trying to use sudo I got this problem: sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu-server My /etc/hosts file: 127.0.0.1 localhost 127.0.1.1 ...
18
votes
1answer
22k views

Remove sudo privileges from a user (without deleting the user)

If you give a user sudo privileges how can I remove the sudo privileges and make the user become just a regular user? I used: sudo adduser username sudo Now I've changed my mind.
17
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2answers
13k views

“sudo cd …” one-liner?

Occasionally I want to cd into a directory where my user does not have permission, so I resort to sudo. The obvious command sudo cd somedir doesn't work: $ sudo mkdir test $ sudo chmod go-rxw test $ ...
15
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4answers
8k views

What is the functional difference between sudo su and sudo -i?

Why is one preferred over the other in this example? sudo su echo "options iwlwifi 11n_disable=1" >> /etc/modprobe.d/iwlwifi.conf exit Please provide links to Ubuntu documentation.
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3answers
14k views

Save an edited file in nano, but no permissions

I edited a file in /etc/ that I want to save, but forgot to open it using sudo. I remember there was a command to save such a file in vi, and want to know if there is any such way to do it in nano? ...
5
votes
6answers
28k views

Add AD Domain user to sudoers from the command line

I'm setting up an Ubuntu 11.04 server VM for use as a database server. It would make everyone's lives easier if we could have folks login using windows credentials and perhaps even make the machine ...
5
votes
5answers
10k views

Always Sudo Privileges

I've searched for this, and the answer is probably in a million places on the 'net, but I can't find it... How do you give your account root privileges in Linux so that you don't need to sudo every ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does sudo not add root's PATH with Ubuntu 12.04?

I've recently upgraded my server to Ubuntu Server 12.04. Previously it was running 11.04. Ever since then I've been having trouble carrying out root user commands through sudo. An example of this ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Problem installing ruby and gems

I just installed ruby using apt-get with the following command: sudo apt-get install ruby1.9.1-full But when I try to do sudo gem install ... it says that I have not installed gems and that I shoud ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Simple file doesn't run (command not found!)

Here in the screen shot, there is a window and terminal open. I am running on Ubuntu 10.04(kernel 2.6) LTS 64bit LiveCD session, and trying to run testDisk to recover my another formatted ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Any way to get sublime text to save settings files without running as sudo

I installed Sublime Text 2 the following way, but what I do not like about it is that I have to run it as sudo to save the user settings files. Any ways around this? Thanks, Colin sudo ...
16
votes
9answers
22k views

How to run an Application as another user?

I use krusader for file management stuff. the problem is that apache's DocumentRoot should be under chown www-data:www-data /path/to/www. so using krusader (which is run under my account) I've not ...
8
votes
3answers
22k views

No password prompt at sudo command

Whenever I issue command sudo apt-get install ** it does not ask for password, not in my admin user too. How to make it prompt for password? My sudoer : ubuntu:~$ sudo cat /etc/sudoers # # This ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

How to run a Desktop graphical application just once under sudo?

For example, I'm trying to run Archive Manager from Ubuntu Desktop (10.04) under sudo otherwise it won't let me extract a Software Development Kit into /usr/local Update: I don't want sudo to be a ...
6
votes
1answer
37k views

“error: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment.” when attempting to run nautilus as root

I am attempting to run nautilus as root but when I run "sudo nautilus" from the terminal, I get the following error: error: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment. (nautilus:9341): ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to make sudo remember my password and how to add an application to startup

I guess this should be a simple thing for ubuntu users out there. I have two questions. Whenever I need to run some command that requires permission from root, I run as sudo followed by that ...
2
votes
3answers
954 views

Ways to run Nautilus with elevated privileges [duplicate]

What are the differences between the following ways to run Nautilus with elevated privileges: a) sudo nautilus b) gksu nautilus c) gksudo nautilus Which should I use?
2
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1answer
1k views

Ubuntu 11.10 with KDE installed does not prompt for elevation for privileged ops in all apps

I installed the KDE window manager on top of Ubuntu 11.10 and while I am using KDE, I do not get an elevation dialog when I try to perform tasks that require root privileges. Instead, the operations ...
1
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1answer
6k views

sudo must be owned by uid 0 and have the setuid bit set

I am trying to run the following command: d@d-Aspire-M5 ~ $ echo "My username is: `whoami`" My username is: d d@d-Aspire-M5 ~ $ sudo chown -R `whoami` /usr/local/lib/node_modules sudo: /usr/bin/sudo ...
1
vote
4answers
11k views

How to run a file with sudo without a password? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to run an application using sudo without a password? I've made a script that preforms various system tasks, that I run regularly, but I have to use sudo to run the ...
0
votes
1answer
689 views

What is the difference between sudo X and running X as root?

My question is asking regarding a specific observation that I would like to understand. I just tried to install the package rJava in R and failed even though I prefaced the installation as suggested ...
40
votes
0answers
10k views

How can I determine whether a shellscript runs as root or not? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can a script check if it’s being run as root? This is something I've been curious about. I make a lot of small bash scripts (.sh files) to do tasks that I routinely ...