Questions related to the sudo command that allows users to run programs with the privileges of a different user (normally the root user).

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7
votes
4answers
73k views

How to run applications as root?

I am having some strange issue with Kate and Kwrite. When I click on Open File, it crashes with segmentation fault. I am a complete newbie to Linux, and I think the issue is that I am not running ...
33
votes
3answers
58k views

How do I sudo without having to enter my password?

I'm trying to setup sudo without no password but still I get prompted for password, I'm using ubuntu, here is the relevant line from the sudoers configuration file : gandalf ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: ...
21
votes
4answers
14k views

Is the difference between sudo and gksu the same as the difference between sudo -i and sudo -s?

Is the difference between sudo cmd and gksu cmd, the same as the difference between starting a shell with sudo -i and sudo -s? ... or put another way, Is sudo cmd the same as sudo -i cmd and gksu ...
17
votes
8answers
49k views

/usr/bin/sudo must be owned by uid 0 and have the setuid bit set

I have run following command accidentally sudo chown [username] -hR / Now sudo su getting error: sudo: /usr/bin/sudo must be owned by uid 0 and have the setuid bit set How to Solve This?
4
votes
3answers
13k views

'sudo' not working after changing the permissions of '/usr' directory

Recently I had to change the folder permissions of /usr folder. Now the whole sudo is not working. If I try to update my system using this command: sudo apt-get update I get the following message: ...
5
votes
3answers
26k views

Password not working for sudo (“Authentication failure”)

Before I mention anything further, DO NOT give me a response saying that terminal won't show password input. I'm AWARE of that. I'm typing my user password in (not a capslock issue), and for some ...
13
votes
1answer
15k views

Cannot lock '/etc/group' in recovery mode

I've currently booted into recovery mode, because I removed my sole user from admin :/ When I run adduser oadams admin, I get gpasswd: cannot lock /etc/group; try again later. For what it's worth, ...
10
votes
2answers
25k views

How to solve “sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable”

How can I fix the following error with sudo? /etc$ sudo sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable usage: sudo [-D level] -h | -K | -k | -V usage: sudo -v [-AknS] [-D level] [-g groupname|#gid] [-p ...
4
votes
3answers
15k views

How do I run an executable file with a double click?

I'm trying to run an executable (testdisk) but double click doesn't work. The only way is to run: sudo ./testdisk from terminal. But I'd like to open executables with double click in future. How ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

E: Type 'sudo' is not known on line 1 in source list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mono-xamarin.list

I don't know what caused the following to happen: The content of /etc/apt/sources-list.d/mono-xamarin.list is sudo apt-get update.
50
votes
2answers
252k views

I want to copy a directory from one place to another via the command line

I want to copy a directory from one place to another folder. sudo cp is the command, but after that what should I type? The destination or source first?
26
votes
1answer
62k views

How do I remove Ubuntu's password requirement? [duplicate]

Here are my circumstances: I am running Ubuntu 12.04. I have one user account. I absolutely hate the password requirement. How do I disable this requirement such that my Linux computer will behave ...
23
votes
2answers
56k views

Why don't I have a password for “su”? Problems with “sudo”

I have installed Ubuntu using the GUI, giving myself a password and everything. I do not intricately remember the process. However, what worries me is that I don't know the following password: $ su ...
28
votes
4answers
86k views

My main username is not in the sudoers file

I was trying to install some software/edit files with my main username(not root) But I got this error [X] is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported. I tried to edit the /etc/sudoers ...
26
votes
8answers
6k views

Why is it called sudo?

Why do we use sudo to perform a terminal command as an administrative? Why isn't it admin or something else? Is there a reason for sudo?
44
votes
3answers
9k views

Remove note about sudo that appears when opening the terminal

Whenever I open the terminal, To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo <command>". See "man sudo_root" for details. appears before the terminal. How do I get that to go ...
19
votes
1answer
24k views

What exactly does sudo apt-get -f install do?

I have seen it before. I am just wondering what exactly does it do?
7
votes
1answer
10k views

sudo does not ask for password [duplicate]

Whenever I issue command sudo apt-get install foo it does not ask for password. is it because of user groups? How to make it prompt for password? Edit: My sudoers file apple@Ascension:~$ sudo cat ...
2
votes
2answers
8k views

Graphical authentication works; why does sudo say my password is wrong?

I'm trying to install a theme, and when I enter the command sudo cp -r $HOME/Desktop/Overglossed /usr/share/themes the terminal asked for my sudo password which I entered, however I'm told my password ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to get sudo to prompt you for a password each time

I find that if I execute something using sudo that then if I execute something else soon after also using sudo, that it does not prompt me for my password, and although this can be inconvenient in ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

sudo: /var/lib/sudo/navneet writable by non-owner (040777), should be mode 0700

This error occurs whenever I try to work with sudo. I changed the permissions of /var/ folder to 777 and I think this causes the error. Please help me get back a functional sudo and /var.
2
votes
3answers
20k views

Cannot authenticate without a password

The problem can be reproduced as follows: When I remove the password of an administrator account, "Log In without Password", I cannot use that account to authenticate. When I do something that ...
1
vote
5answers
4k views

changed /etc permission in oneiric (ubuntu11.10) by using “sudo chmod 665 /etc” cant use sudo now

I screwed up big time. I changed the permission of /etc in ubuntu 11.10 by using following command sudo chmod 665 /etc now when ever i try to use sudo it gives the following error: sudo: can't ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I re-instate my admin privileges?

I am running 12.04 LTS. It's a pretty default installation and is the only OS on this machine. I have two users one has administrator rights the other does not. I accidentally removed administrator ...
2
votes
5answers
24k views

Sudo not available in guest login

When I login as guest I am unable to execute any command with sudo. E.g.: sudo ps returns: sudo: unable to change to sudoers gid: Operation not permitted How can I fix this?
1
vote
1answer
4k views

sudo credential caching on by default

Just installed a minimal ubuntu 12.04, then installed xfce4 and xinit from the command line after first boot. Totally vanilla installation afaik. I'm noticing that sudo caches the password until I ...
57
votes
4answers
48k views

Why doesn't `sudo cd /var/named` work?

I want to cd into /var/named but it gives me a permission denied error, and when I want to use sudo to do this I am not permitted. What is the technical reason for this, and is it possible to do this ...
16
votes
4answers
307k views

how to use sudo command to install .tar.gz? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file? I am newbie to ubuntu. I would like someone to explain how to use sudo command to unzip & install .tar.gz file to me.
20
votes
3answers
72k views

How to give nopasswd access to multiple commands via sudoers?

Below is what I know: I have to add this below line in sudoers file to give rights to the user for particular task. user_name ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/apt-get install In this case I want to give ...
20
votes
7answers
42k views

How do I fix a “E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/http could not be found.” error?

I tried updating my packages from the terminal and this is what I got: $ sudo apt-get update E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/http could not be found. E: The method driver ...
16
votes
1answer
12k views

Is it possible to give sudo access to only a particular command?

Background: I have a development machine with LAMP setup. Several developers would access the machine from time to time. Every time they make some change in a configuration file they will need to ...
13
votes
3answers
24k views

Mounting filesystem with special user id set

I want to mount the device /dev/sda3 to the directory /foo/bar/baz. After mounting the directory should have the uid of user johndoe. So I did: sudo -u johndoe mkdir /foo/bar/baz stat -c %U ...
14
votes
3answers
38k views

Disable sudo permission to user from command line

I have activated root user in ubuntu and want to use ubuntu as server with no DE. For this I want to disable sudo privilege given to first user. How can I do this from command line ? I know I can use ...
9
votes
3answers
21k views

Error after sudo-ing “sudo: must be setuid root”

On a colleagues computer, everytime I use a sudo command, I get this error: sudo: must be setuid root I tried various things mentioned on the internet, like changing the permissions to 4755 from a ...
7
votes
3answers
33k views

How to execute sudo commands with Expect & send commands in bash script?

Can any body let me know how to execute sudo commands with expect. I tried the following but this is not working. Can anyone give me suggestion please? set login "sasuke" set addr "hostname" set pw ...
10
votes
2answers
15k views

Enable passwordless sudo as a specific user

I have two users on my system: itsadok, my main user, and elasticsearch, a user with a different ulimit for running ElasticSearch. I would like to be able to run stuff as the secondary user without ...
5
votes
1answer
20k views

sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0

Whenever I try to do anything at all that requires my password it returns this: u7ur7l3@ubuntu:~$ sudo sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0 sudo: fatal error, unable to load plugins ...
4
votes
3answers
22k views

Can't open Gedit as root

When I run sudo gedit /path/to/some/random/file I get the following error ** (gedit:6262): WARNING **: Command line `dbus-launch --autolaunch=7f8731869e1c690b8205727e0000000a --binary-syntax ...
17
votes
2answers
14k views

“sudo cd …” one-liner?

Occasionally I want to cd into a directory where my user does not have permission, so I resort to sudo. The obvious command sudo cd somedir doesn't work: $ sudo mkdir test $ sudo chmod go-rxw test $ ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why should I use gksudo for Gtk apps instead of sudo? [duplicate]

I read somewhere that people should use gksudo for applications that use the Gtk GUI instead of sudo? What's the reasoning for this?
6
votes
1answer
4k views

I accidentally removed myself from sudoers, how can I fix this? [duplicate]

I have one admin account and recently I have accidentally added myself to a single group (usermod -G without -a). So, I am not in the sudoers file any more. However, it is not possible to log in to ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

How to enter password only once in a bash script needing sudo

Data I want operator users on this machine to mount their own cifs shares The sudoers file already contains the /bin/mount -t cifs //*/* /media/* -o username=* command for all operators I want the ...
4
votes
1answer
10k views

problems with sudo permissions - /var/lib/sudo owned by uid

my system is a new 11.04 ubuntu and i recently started working with LAMP. some how, when i tried to change permissions of the var/www/ for netbeans to work on the local server, and did something that ...
0
votes
1answer
685 views

Cannot undo sudo chmod 655 /

I've accidentally run 'sudo chmod 655 /', and now I cannot undo this operation again because I cannot access sudo anymore. I'd actually wanted the permission to be set to 755. Is there any way I can ...
77
votes
9answers
7k views

Run same command again but as root

Sometimes when I run a command I don't notice that I needed to run it as super user to have enough permission. Is there a way to run the same command again but as a super user?
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do I need root privileges to umount a drive at the command line, but not in nautilus? How to change?

When I insert a thumb drive, media card, or USB hard drive, to unmount it via the command line, I need to use sudo umount /media/the_device But, I can unmount the device in a file manager like ...
19
votes
6answers
28k views

How could I list all super users?

I want a command to list all users who have root privileges i.e. sudo ? Suppose I'm a sudoer user. How could I know all other sudoer users?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to configure pkexec to not ask for password?

I have a GUI application that needs to call a daemon (written in Python) with superuser privileges. I would like to do this without prompting the user for a password. Since the daemon is a script, I ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

What does sudo service do?

As far as I know and it seems that other people have the same opinion sudo is a command that executes something with administrative privileges. However when I run rcconf I can see this line: [*] ...
8
votes
2answers
47k views

Cannot connect to X Server when running app with sudo

When I am running some software using sudo command it showing error like cannot connect to X server For example if I run the following command: $ sudo gedit /etc/profile I am getting ...