Questions related to the sudo command that allows users to run programs with the privileges of a different user (normally the root user).

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11
votes
6answers
4k views

Why can't non-admin users install software?

This is probably something I don't understand since I am used to Windows and am only starting out with Ubuntu. I know that software in linux comes in packages what I don't understand is why can't non-...
7
votes
1answer
10k views

sudo does not ask for password [duplicate]

Whenever I issue command sudo apt-get install foo it does not ask for password. is it because of user groups? How to make it prompt for password? Edit: My sudoers file apple@Ascension:~$ sudo cat /...
4
votes
3answers
16k views

How do I run an executable file with a double click?

I'm trying to run an executable (testdisk) but double click doesn't work. The only way is to run: sudo ./testdisk from terminal. But I'd like to open executables with double click in future. How ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

E: Type 'sudo' is not known on line 1 in source list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mono-xamarin.list

I don't know what caused the following to happen: The content of /etc/apt/sources-list.d/mono-xamarin.list is sudo apt-get update.
44
votes
6answers
98k views

How to launch application as root from Unity Launcher?

Mainly I am looking for a way to pin an application to the Unity launch bar, and run it as root. Currently, even if I start the application with sudo, and pin it after it starts, it will start as ...
30
votes
4answers
111k views

How to configure ADB access for Android devices?

I'm using Ubuntu 12.10 and I have installed Android SDK, set it's path in my user .bashrc and it works. The problem is that my phone requires adb to be ran by root for permissions, but running adb ...
23
votes
2answers
60k views

Why don't I have a password for “su”? Problems with “sudo”

I have installed Ubuntu using the GUI, giving myself a password and everything. I do not intricately remember the process. However, what worries me is that I don't know the following password: $ su ...
50
votes
6answers
17k views

Why do we need to be root in terminal for shutdown and restart?

When we install/remove/update packages or make any changes which require administrative privileges we are prompted for the password of admin user who has the sudo privileges - this happens both via ...
26
votes
8answers
6k views

Why is it called sudo?

Why do we use sudo to perform a terminal command as an administrative? Why isn't it admin or something else? Is there a reason for sudo?
21
votes
1answer
25k views

What exactly does sudo apt-get -f install do?

I have seen it before. I am just wondering what exactly does it do?
5
votes
3answers
26k views

Password not working for sudo (“Authentication failure”)

Before I mention anything further, DO NOT give me a response saying that terminal won't show password input. I'm AWARE of that. I'm typing my user password in (not a capslock issue), and for some ...
7
votes
4answers
78k views

How to run applications as root?

I am having some strange issue with Kate and Kwrite. When I click on Open File, it crashes with segmentation fault. I am a complete newbie to Linux, and I think the issue is that I am not running ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to get sudo to prompt you for a password each time

I find that if I execute something using sudo that then if I execute something else soon after also using sudo, that it does not prompt me for my password, and although this can be inconvenient in ...
2
votes
3answers
20k views

Cannot authenticate without a password

The problem can be reproduced as follows: When I remove the password of an administrator account, "Log In without Password", I cannot use that account to authenticate. When I do something that ...
2
votes
3answers
13k views

sudo: /var/lib/sudo/navneet writable by non-owner (040777), should be mode 0700

This error occurs whenever I try to work with sudo. I changed the permissions of /var/ folder to 777 and I think this causes the error. Please help me get back a functional sudo and /var.
2
votes
1answer
5k views

sudo credential caching on by default

Just installed a minimal ubuntu 12.04, then installed xfce4 and xinit from the command line after first boot. Totally vanilla installation afaik. I'm noticing that sudo caches the password until I ...
63
votes
4answers
54k views

Why doesn't `sudo cd /var/named` work?

I want to cd into /var/named but it gives me a permission denied error, and when I want to use sudo to do this I am not permitted. What is the technical reason for this, and is it possible to do this ...
27
votes
1answer
66k views

How do I remove Ubuntu's password requirement? [duplicate]

Here are my circumstances: I am running Ubuntu 12.04. I have one user account. I absolutely hate the password requirement. How do I disable this requirement such that my Linux computer will behave ...
16
votes
4answers
333k views

how to use sudo command to install .tar.gz? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file? I am newbie to ubuntu. I would like someone to explain how to use sudo command to unzip & install .tar.gz file to me.
28
votes
4answers
89k views

My main username is not in the sudoers file

I was trying to install some software/edit files with my main username(not root) But I got this error [X] is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported. I tried to edit the /etc/sudoers ...
13
votes
3answers
25k views

Mounting filesystem with special user id set

I want to mount the device /dev/sda3 to the directory /foo/bar/baz. After mounting the directory should have the uid of user johndoe. So I did: sudo -u johndoe mkdir /foo/bar/baz stat -c %U /foo/bar/...
47
votes
3answers
10k views

Remove note about sudo that appears when opening the terminal

Whenever I open the terminal, To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo <command>". See "man sudo_root" for details. appears before the terminal. How do I get that to go ...
14
votes
3answers
40k views

Disable sudo permission to user from command line

I have activated root user in ubuntu and want to use ubuntu as server with no DE. For this I want to disable sudo privilege given to first user. How can I do this from command line ? I know I can use ...
9
votes
3answers
21k views

Error after sudo-ing “sudo: must be setuid root”

On a colleagues computer, everytime I use a sudo command, I get this error: sudo: must be setuid root I tried various things mentioned on the internet, like changing the permissions to 4755 from a ...
7
votes
3answers
35k views

How to execute sudo commands with Expect & send commands in bash script?

Can any body let me know how to execute sudo commands with expect. I tried the following but this is not working. Can anyone give me suggestion please? set login "sasuke" set addr "hostname" set pw "...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

I accidentally removed myself from sudoers, how can I fix this? [duplicate]

I have one admin account and recently I have accidentally added myself to a single group (usermod -G without -a). So, I am not in the sudoers file any more. However, it is not possible to log in to ...
5
votes
1answer
21k views

sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0

Whenever I try to do anything at all that requires my password it returns this: u7ur7l3@ubuntu:~$ sudo sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0 sudo: fatal error, unable to load plugins ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Graphical authentication works; why does sudo say my password is wrong?

I'm trying to install a theme, and when I enter the command sudo cp -r $HOME/Desktop/Overglossed /usr/share/themes the terminal asked for my sudo password which I entered, however I'm told my password ...
19
votes
2answers
14k views

“sudo cd …” one-liner?

Occasionally I want to cd into a directory where my user does not have permission, so I resort to sudo. The obvious command sudo cd somedir doesn't work: $ sudo mkdir test $ sudo chmod go-rxw test $ ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to get GUI sudo password prompt without command line?

Currently, for all my commands that require root access, I have to type them out on a command line. I would like for the GUI to prompt me to key in my password, when sudo is required, instead of ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

How to enter password only once in a bash script needing sudo

Data I want operator users on this machine to mount their own cifs shares The sudoers file already contains the /bin/mount -t cifs //*/* /media/* -o username=* command for all operators I want the ...
10
votes
2answers
27k views

How to solve “sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable”

How can I fix the following error with sudo? /etc$ sudo sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable usage: sudo [-D level] -h | -K | -k | -V usage: sudo -v [-AknS] [-D level] [-g groupname|#gid] [-p ...
4
votes
1answer
11k views

problems with sudo permissions - /var/lib/sudo owned by uid

my system is a new 11.04 ubuntu and i recently started working with LAMP. some how, when i tried to change permissions of the var/www/ for netbeans to work on the local server, and did something that ...
2
votes
5answers
26k views

Sudo not available in guest login

When I login as guest I am unable to execute any command with sudo. E.g.: sudo ps returns: sudo: unable to change to sudoers gid: Operation not permitted How can I fix this?
34
votes
3answers
60k views

How do I sudo without having to enter my password?

I'm trying to setup sudo without no password but still I get prompted for password, I'm using ubuntu, here is the relevant line from the sudoers configuration file : gandalf ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Why do I need root privileges to umount a drive at the command line, but not in Nautilus? How to change that?

When I insert a thumb drive, media card, or USB hard drive, to unmount it via the command line, I need to use: sudo umount /media/the_device But, I can unmount the device in a file manager like ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to configure pkexec to not ask for password?

I have a GUI application that needs to call a daemon (written in Python) with superuser privileges. I would like to do this without prompting the user for a password. Since the daemon is a script, I ...
19
votes
3answers
5k views

How to cancel the currently-applied remaining sudo time-out?

When I've just run sudo, and don't want it to remain active for the normal duration of its time-out, how can I cancel that remaining active time-out? sudo -k kills it for the current terminal ...
8
votes
2answers
51k views

Cannot connect to X Server when running app with sudo

When I am running some software using sudo command it showing error like cannot connect to X server For example if I run the following command: $ sudo gedit /etc/profile I am getting ...
8
votes
2answers
15k views

Run apt-get without sudo

This might be a very naive question, but I wanted to know how I could give multiple users access to a single computer without making them root users. How would I give them limitted sudo access such ...
13
votes
2answers
44k views

sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu-server [duplicate]

I have a problem with sudo. Every time when I trying to use sudo I got this problem: sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu-server My /etc/hosts file: 127.0.0.1 localhost 127.0.1.1 ubuntu-...
10
votes
2answers
504 views

Run only parts of a script as sudo, entering password only once

I am writing a script (actually a combination of scripts and makefile) that installs external dependencies: some apt-get commands, some git cloning, building, installing, adding users to groups, ... ...
9
votes
6answers
6k views

Disabling shutdown command for all users, even root - consequences?

I would like to disable the shutdown command for all users, even root, on an Ubuntu Server installation. The reason I want to do this is to ensure that I don't get into the habit of shutting down the ...
6
votes
1answer
13k views

How to allow execution without using the sudo?

I am writing a Java application where i need to do a command line execution and get a result back, but when i execute the command, it ask for sudo password. So far i tried: $ sudo -s $ vim /etc/...
4
votes
4answers
23k views

Can't open Gedit as root

When I run sudo gedit /path/to/some/random/file I get the following error ** (gedit:6262): WARNING **: Command line `dbus-launch --autolaunch=7f8731869e1c690b8205727e0000000a --binary-syntax --...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Why I have to type my password after exiting a sudo -i session?

sudo -i in the terminal will made normal user into root user & after changing into root user if we exit then again we will be back to normal user.If we try again , next time it directly takes me ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why should I use gksudo for Gtk apps instead of sudo? [duplicate]

I read somewhere that people should use gksudo for applications that use the Gtk GUI instead of sudo? What's the reasoning for this?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Changed owner of /usr/bin

I did it... I guess everyone does it sometime, but this was my first. I executed sudo chown -R /usr/bin and before I realized my mistake, it was too late... Now I can't access sudo because I receive ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Block a command from sudo user

I don't need an administrator to change my root password. I don't want any sudo user to execute this command: sudo passwd $root I have tried it in the sudoers file using the following command: %...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

Running a program as another user without typing a password

I'm trying to mark my browser internet traffic with a DSCP by selecting the packages with a certain owner. In order to do that I have to start my browser with a dummy user. I start my browser by ...