Questions related to the sudo command that allows users to run programs with the privileges of a different user (normally the root user).

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21
votes
4answers
13k views

Is the difference between sudo and gksu the same as the difference between sudo -i and sudo -s?

Is the difference between sudo cmd and gksu cmd, the same as the difference between starting a shell with sudo -i and sudo -s? ... or put another way, Is sudo cmd the same as sudo -i cmd and gksu ...
4
votes
3answers
13k views

'sudo' not working after changing the permissions of '/usr' directory

Recently I had to change the folder permissions of /usr folder. Now the whole sudo is not working. If I try to update my system using this command: sudo apt-get update I get the following message: ...
5
votes
3answers
24k views

Password not working for sudo (“Authentication failure”)

Before I mention anything further, DO NOT give me a response saying that terminal won't show password input. I'm AWARE of that. I'm typing my user password in (not a capslock issue), and for some ...
9
votes
2answers
21k views

How to solve “sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable”

How can I fix the following error with sudo? /etc$ sudo sudo: /etc/sudoers.d is world writable usage: sudo [-D level] -h | -K | -k | -V usage: sudo -v [-AknS] [-D level] [-g groupname|#gid] [-p ...
13
votes
1answer
14k views

Cannot lock '/etc/group' in recovery mode

I've currently booted into recovery mode, because I removed my sole user from admin :/ When I run adduser oadams admin, I get gpasswd: cannot lock /etc/group; try again later. For what it's worth, ...
4
votes
3answers
13k views

How do I run an executable file with a double click?

I'm trying to run an executable (testdisk) but double click doesn't work. The only way is to run: sudo ./testdisk from terminal. But I'd like to open executables with double click in future. How ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

E: Type 'sudo' is not known on line 1 in source list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mono-xamarin.list

I don't know what caused the following to happen: The content of /etc/apt/sources-list.d/mono-xamarin.list is sudo apt-get update.
23
votes
2answers
48k views

Why don't I have a password for “su”? Problems with “sudo”

I have installed Ubuntu using the GUI, giving myself a password and everything. I do not intricately remember the process. However, what worries me is that I don't know the following password: $ su ...
22
votes
1answer
56k views

How do I remove Ubuntu's password requirement? [duplicate]

Here are my circumstances: I am running Ubuntu 12.04. I have one user account. I absolutely hate the password requirement. How do I disable this requirement such that my Linux computer will behave ...
18
votes
1answer
4k views

How to configure pkexec?

Reading these questions and answers: When to use pkexec vs. gksu/gksudo? Why is gksu no longer installed by default? brought me another one that will create problems for new users of that ...
27
votes
4answers
79k views

My main username is not in the sudoers file

I was trying to install some software/edit files with my main username(not root) But I got this error [X] is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported. I tried to edit the /etc/sudoers ...
24
votes
8answers
6k views

Why is it called sudo?

Why do we use sudo to perform a terminal command as an administrative? Why isn't it admin or something else? Is there a reason for sudo?
15
votes
7answers
39k views

/usr/bin/sudo must be owned by uid 0 and have the setuid bit set

I have run following command accidentally sudo chown [username] -hR / Now sudo su getting error: sudo: /usr/bin/sudo must be owned by uid 0 and have the setuid bit set How to Solve This?
36
votes
3answers
8k views

Remove note about sudo that appears when opening the terminal

Whenever I open the terminal, To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo <command>". See "man sudo_root" for details. appears before the terminal. How do I get that to go ...
17
votes
1answer
22k views

What exactly does sudo apt-get -f install do?

I have seen it before. I am just wondering what exactly does it do?
7
votes
1answer
9k views

sudo does not ask for password [duplicate]

Whenever I issue command sudo apt-get install foo it does not ask for password. is it because of user groups? How to make it prompt for password? Edit: My sudoers file apple@Ascension:~$ sudo cat ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

Won't execute terminal commands

I have been using Ubuntu 12.04 for quite a while and have never had a problem come at me out of the blue like this. I'm trying to install python 3.2 on my Ubuntu system and every time I run the code ...
2
votes
3answers
11k views

sudo: /var/lib/sudo/navneet writable by non-owner (040777), should be mode 0700

This error occurs whenever I try to work with sudo. I changed the permissions of /var/ folder to 777 and I think this causes the error. Please help me get back a functional sudo and /var.
2
votes
3answers
19k views

Cannot authenticate without a password

The problem can be reproduced as follows: When I remove the password of an administrator account, "Log In without Password", I cannot use that account to authenticate. When I do something that ...
1
vote
5answers
3k views

changed /etc permission in oneiric (ubuntu11.10) by using “sudo chmod 665 /etc” cant use sudo now

I screwed up big time. I changed the permission of /etc in ubuntu 11.10 by using following command sudo chmod 665 /etc now when ever i try to use sudo it gives the following error: sudo: can't ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I re-instate my admin privileges?

I am running 12.04 LTS. It's a pretty default installation and is the only OS on this machine. I have two users one has administrator rights the other does not. I accidentally removed administrator ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

sudo credential caching on by default

Just installed a minimal ubuntu 12.04, then installed xfce4 and xinit from the command line after first boot. Totally vanilla installation afaik. I'm noticing that sudo caches the password until I ...
40
votes
2answers
224k views

I want to copy a directory from one place to another via the command line

I want to copy a directory from one place to another folder. sudo cp is the command, but after that what should I type? The destination or source first?
14
votes
4answers
263k views

how to use sudo command to install .tar.gz? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to install a .tar.gz (or .tar.bz2) file? I am newbie to ubuntu. I would like someone to explain how to use sudo command to unzip & install .tar.gz file to me.
15
votes
1answer
10k views

Is it possible to give sudo access to only a particular command?

Background: I have a development machine with LAMP setup. Several developers would access the machine from time to time. Every time they make some change in a configuration file they will need to ...
18
votes
7answers
35k views

How do I fix a “E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/http could not be found.” error?

I tried updating my packages from the terminal and this is what I got: $ sudo apt-get update E: The method driver /usr/lib/apt/methods/http could not be found. E: The method driver ...
11
votes
3answers
22k views

Mounting filesystem with special user id set

I want to mount the device /dev/sda3 to the directory /foo/bar/baz. After mounting the directory should have the uid of user johndoe. So I did: sudo -u johndoe mkdir /foo/bar/baz stat -c %U ...
9
votes
3answers
20k views

Error after sudo-ing “sudo: must be setuid root”

On a colleagues computer, everytime I use a sudo command, I get this error: sudo: must be setuid root I tried various things mentioned on the internet, like changing the permissions to 4755 from a ...
7
votes
3answers
29k views

How to execute sudo commands with Expect & send commands in bash script?

Can any body let me know how to execute sudo commands with expect. I tried the following but this is not working. Can anyone give me suggestion please? set login "sasuke" set addr "hostname" set pw ...
4
votes
3answers
20k views

Can't open Gedit as root

When I run sudo gedit /path/to/some/random/file I get the following error ** (gedit:6262): WARNING **: Command line `dbus-launch --autolaunch=7f8731869e1c690b8205727e0000000a --binary-syntax ...
9
votes
2answers
14k views

Enable passwordless sudo as a specific user

I have two users on my system: itsadok, my main user, and elasticsearch, a user with a different ulimit for running ElasticSearch. I would like to be able to run stuff as the secondary user without ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

I accidentally removed myself from sudoers, how can I fix this? [duplicate]

I have one admin account and recently I have accidentally added myself to a single group (usermod -G without -a). So, I am not in the sudoers file any more. However, it is not possible to log in to ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

Graphical authentication works; why does sudo say my password is wrong?

I'm trying to install a theme, and when I enter the command sudo cp -r $HOME/Desktop/Overglossed /usr/share/themes the terminal asked for my sudo password which I entered, however I'm told my password ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why should I use gksudo for Gtk apps instead of sudo? [duplicate]

I read somewhere that people should use gksudo for applications that use the Gtk GUI instead of sudo? What's the reasoning for this?
76
votes
9answers
7k views

Run same command again but as root

Sometimes when I run a command I don't notice that I needed to run it as super user to have enough permission. Is there a way to run the same command again but as a super user?
50
votes
4answers
39k views

Why doesn't `sudo cd /var/named` work?

I want to cd into /var/named but it gives me a permission denied error, and when I want to use sudo to do this I am not permitted. What is the technical reason for this, and is it possible to do this ...
17
votes
6answers
17k views

How could I list all super users?

I want a command to list all users who have root privileges i.e. sudo ? Suppose I'm a sudoer user. How could I know all other sudoer users?
19
votes
3answers
66k views

How to give nopasswd access to multiple commands via sudoers?

Below is what I know: I have to add this below line in sudoers file to give rights to the user for particular task. user_name ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/apt-get install In this case I want to give ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to configure pkexec to not ask for password?

I have a GUI application that needs to call a daemon (written in Python) with superuser privileges. I would like to do this without prompting the user for a password. Since the daemon is a script, I ...
8
votes
2answers
40k views

Cannot connect to X Server when running app with sudo

When I am running some software using sudo command it showing error like cannot connect to X server For example if I run the following command: $ sudo gedit /etc/profile I am getting ...
15
votes
2answers
9k views

What does sudo service do?

As far as I know and it seems that other people have the same opinion sudo is a command that executes something with administrative privileges. However when I run rcconf I can see this line: [*] ...
15
votes
3answers
5k views

How to cancel the currently-applied remaining sudo time-out?

When I've just run sudo, and don't want it to remain active for the normal duration of its time-out, how can I cancel that remaining active time-out? sudo -k kills it for the current terminal ...
14
votes
3answers
35k views

Disable sudo permission to user from command line

I have activated root user in ubuntu and want to use ubuntu as server with no DE. For this I want to disable sudo privilege given to first user. How can I do this from command line ? I know I can use ...
10
votes
2answers
392 views

Run only parts of a script as sudo, entering password only once

I am writing a script (actually a combination of scripts and makefile) that installs external dependencies: some apt-get commands, some git cloning, building, installing, adding users to groups, ... ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

How to allow execution without using the sudo?

I am writing a Java application where i need to do a command line execution and get a result back, but when i execute the command, it ask for sudo password. So far i tried: $ sudo -s $ vim ...
5
votes
1answer
18k views

sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0

Whenever I try to do anything at all that requires my password it returns this: u7ur7l3@ubuntu:~$ sudo sudo: /usr/lib/sudo/sudoers.so must be owned by uid 0 sudo: fatal error, unable to load plugins ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Why I have to type my password after exiting a sudo -i session?

sudo -i in the terminal will made normal user into root user & after changing into root user if we exit then again we will be back to normal user.If we try again , next time it directly takes me ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Sudo doesn't work: “/etc/sudoers is owned by uid 1000, should be 0”

When type sudo command by Terminal then show error, How to fix this sudo: /etc/sudoers is owned by uid 1000, should be 0 sudo: no valid sudoers sources found, quitting sudo: unable to initialize ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Changed owner of /usr/bin

I did it... I guess everyone does it sometime, but this was my first. I executed sudo chown -R /usr/bin and before I realized my mistake, it was too late... Now I can't access sudo because I receive ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Block a command from sudo user

I don't need an administrator to change my root password. I don't want any sudo user to execute this command: sudo passwd $root I have tried it in the sudoers file using the following command: ...