Script is series of instructions written in plain text file. The script interpreter (i.e. shell, Python, Ruby, etc.) can read this file and act on the instructions as if they were typed at the command prompt. The interpreter also provides a variety of useful programming features to make your scripts ...

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11
votes
6answers
7k views

How can I run this sh script without typing the full path?

I'm still very new to Ubuntu. I'm using 12.04, and I'd like to know if there is a way to run this program/shell script without typing: /opt/idea/bin/idea.sh It's kinda tedious and I'm quite lazy. ...
43
votes
2answers
75k views

How to add a shell script to launcher as shortcut [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I edit/create new launcher items in Unity by hand? How can I create launchers on my desktop? I want to add some shell scripts in my launcher as shortcuts.. ...
46
votes
5answers
10k views

How do I create a deb package for a single python script?

I have a single python script that I want to distribute as a deb package. It is a indicator which shows local date in Unity panel. I did follow create a .deb Package from scripts or binaries but I ...
15
votes
3answers
30k views

How to run a script during boot as root

I had a script that automatically enables my wifi without using networkmanager, but I don't know how to run the script as root while the system is booting. How do I make the script run automatically ...
17
votes
5answers
29k views

How do I tell a start up program to start minimized?

Here is a quesion that has been bugging me. You know how you can set up a program to run on start up right? Well, how can i tell it to start minimized, like you would do in windows? TeamViewer ...
25
votes
5answers
69k views

How can I make a script that opens terminal windows and executes commands in them?

I have three scripts I need to run when I start up my Ubuntu machine, they start services I use in my development environment. To do that, I manually open three terminals and type in the commands. ...
32
votes
5answers
44k views

How to execute a script just by double clicking like .EXE files in Windows?

How can I make a bash script executable by double clicking just like .exe files in Windows? I tried creating a launcher and assigning the script to it, but there are two consequences: the terminal ...
24
votes
1answer
12k views

how to execute a command after resume from suspend?

I've got a script that is executed in order to have suspending/resuming working in my laptop. Then I have another series of xinput,xkbset and xmodmap commands that are executed when I initiate a ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

Execute a script upon logout/reboot/shutdown in Ubuntu

I'd like to run a .sh file using bash on logout and shutdown of Ubuntu. I have searched up and down the web and have found only fixes for KDE and GNOME. The script is simple, I just need to know if I ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I make post-install scripts?

How do I make post-install scripts so when I reinstall ubuntu everything is as I want it? Things I want to achive: Installing PPA installing my programs themes needs to be installed Settings needs ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Autorun a script after I plugged or unplugged a USB device

What can I do to run automatically a script after I mount/plugin or unmount/unplug a USB device?
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Apply icons to bash scripts

I created a script for XChat according to this answer, and I was wondering if there is anyway to apply XChat icon to it.
48
votes
3answers
4k views

Is #!/bin/sh read by the interpreter?

In bash or sh, I guess anything which starts with # is a comment. But in bash scripts we write: #!/bin/bash And in Python scripts, there is: #!/bin/python Does this mean that # by itself is a ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

What is apt-fast and should I use it?

Several times over the past couple years, I've heard of people using apt-fast for updating and installing packages, but I'm not really sure what it does. I think I've traced its origin to this forum ...
39
votes
7answers
26k views

Repeat a command every x interval of time in terminal?

How can I repeat a command every interval of time , so that it will allow me to run commands for checking or monitoring directories ? There is no need for a script, i need just a simple command ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

Launch an application in Windows from the Ubuntu desktop

I'd like a write a shell script in Ubuntu that does the following: Boot up a Windows 7 guest OS in Virtualbox, if it isn't running already. Run a shell script in Windows, where the shell script is ...
57
votes
4answers
68k views

How can I get a list of all repositories and PPAs from the command line?

I know how to list all packages installed on my system. But how could I get a list of all repositories and PPA's? I know I can look into /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d, but I'm ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Run Script on Wakeup?

Is there a way to run a script when a computer "wakes up" (from sleeping)? I know it can be done on startup, obviously, but the issue in this case is that the backlight of my laptop seems to reset ...
5
votes
3answers
11k views

Create a .desktop file that opens and execute a command in a terminal

I would like to know how to write the Exec command of a .desktop file to open a new terminal and execute a shell script in it. The shell script is working and accessible by all users. When launching ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Script at Startup

I'm using 10.10 and I need to run a script in order to get a windows-like international keyboard layout - basically, it changes how dead keys work. (Original script from this page ...
29
votes
3answers
7k views

How to make Skype use notify-osd?

How do I make Skype use the default Ubuntu notify-osd to display notifications (incoming messages, users connecting, etc.) instead of the Skype's own "ugly" message box?
19
votes
3answers
107k views

How can I make “rc.local” run on startup?

I have a script that I would like to run when my system starts. I have put it on "rc.local", but it doesn't work. How can I enable it to run on startup? Thanks!
13
votes
2answers
29k views

Why doesn't rc.local run all my commands, and what can I do about it?

I have the following rc.local script: #!/bin/sh -e # # rc.local # # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel. # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other # ...
2
votes
5answers
7k views

How to batch rename files with “variables”? [duplicate]

I use xmbc to view my tv shows. Before I began using xmbc, I batch downloaded the first few seasons of "Bleach". What can I say, I'm an anime fan ;-). These are named: "bleachxx.mp4" where xx is the ...
70
votes
1answer
47k views

Differences between /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, /usr/sbin, /usr/local/bin, /usr/local/sbin [duplicate]

I'm running an Ubuntu Server 13.04, but I see the same on a 12.04: I have six directories with command files. These are: /bin /sbin /usr/bin /usr/sbin /usr/local/bin /usr/local/sbin What are the ...
55
votes
1answer
7k views

Can I make the webcam take a picture when an incorrect password is entered?

I am using a laptop . I was thinking to have a support in my Ubuntu machine. When an incorrect password is entered, a picture is taken later revealing who has been trying to gain access. I have ...
51
votes
3answers
108k views

What is difference between #!/bin/sh and #!/bin/bash?

if I write, #!/bin/bash echo "foo" or #!/bin/sh echo "foo" both yields same. I have seen some scripts starting with #!/bin/sh or #!/bin/bash. Is there any difference between them?
24
votes
3answers
2k views

Where should I put my script so that I can run it by a direct command?

Where can (should) I put my (bash) script so that it can be used (forever) by terminal or by a direct command: Alt+F2? I know there is /usr/bin and /sbin & /bindirectories but when should I use ...
34
votes
10answers
110k views

How can I create a select menu in a shell script?

I'm creating a simple bash script and I want to create a select menu in it, like this: ./script echo "Choose your option:" 1) Option 1 2) Option 2 3) Option 3 4) Quit And according to ...
2
votes
2answers
368 views

Script to Notify me when something happens on a shared directory

The situation is: I have a shared directories from many other machines where other users work on. I need to be notified whenever a user create, modify or delete a directory or file from his local ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Script to Mute an Application

My goal is to be able to mute the Spotify application, not the entire system. Using the command: ps -C spotify -o pid= I am able to find the process ID of Spotify, in this case the ID is "22981". With ...
2
votes
1answer
727 views

Need software to track login and logoff timings

I am in a need of software which can track login and logoff timings on user basis. If possible, software should be cross platform. If you know such software, please share.
43
votes
6answers
12k views

What is the difference between ./ and sh to run a script?

I have written a simple script. When I runsh <myscriptname.sh>, i got the correct output, but when I run ./<myscriptname.sh>, I got an error. What is difference between when I do sh and ...
26
votes
8answers
2k views

How to keep “dot files” under version control?

Etckeeper is a great tool for keeping track of changes to your configuration files in /etc A few key things about it really stand out. It can be used with a wide variety of VCSs: git, mercurial, ...
26
votes
4answers
85k views

I've downloaded a .sh file - how do I install this?

I'm new to Ubuntu and know installing programs only from window. It is very easy there: Just double-click the setup.exe and the things start. But how do I install a program on Ubuntu? I want to ...
51
votes
2answers
17k views

What is the difference between “source” and “.” in bash?

As the question says, what is the difference between executing a script with source command and with . , i.e.: source /some/script and . /some/script
33
votes
2answers
7k views

bashrc or bash_profile?

I know the difference between the two bash login scripts: .bashrc is run only by "non-login" shells. .bash_profile (or .bash_login or .profile) is executed by "login" shells. Does anyone have some ...
31
votes
1answer
77k views

Command to append line to a text file without opening an editor

Assuming i have a line that i want to add to a file without opening an editor. How could i append this line alias list='ls -cl --group-directories-first' to this file config.fish
12
votes
6answers
37k views

How to start Virtual box machines automatically when booting?

I have many Virtual box machines in my Ubuntu12.04, each time i shutdown or reboot i have to start them one by one. I wanna a help in writing script for automatically autostart the VBox machines ...
15
votes
2answers
51k views

How do I run a script after OpenVPN has connected successfully?

How can I associate a script to OpenVPN so that it runs when the VPN is connected successfully?
14
votes
1answer
3k views

How to run a shell script when a new USB storage device is detected?

I want a script that dumps the log and starts logging on it as soon as a usb mass storage is plugged (with the file 'OKdump' on it).And if anything abnormal(Like a error that is visually present) is ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Run (system) script on SSH login and/or logout

I'd like my OpenSSH server to start a script whenever a user logs in using SSH, ideally passing the host name or IP, as well as the user name. Additionally I'd like it to run a script, whenever a ...
17
votes
5answers
11k views

Execute script before shutting down

When I shut down my computer I want to show some pending tasks that I have to do before leaving the office... I did a local application to manage those tasks, basically I just want to run a command, ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I programmatically change a file's icon?

If I select an icon in Nautilus and select Properties, I can click on the icon presented there. This gives me a file-chooser dialog to select a new icon image. I would like to do this via a script of ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Is bash scripting the same as shell scripting?

I'm very new to Ubuntu. I hear people say "shell scripting", "bash scripting". I wonder are they same? Or they are different? Thanks in advance.
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the least insecure way to store a password that is used by a script?

I have a Bash script that automatically authenticates with a service using my username and password. The credentials are currently stored as plain text within the script. What precautions should I ...
7
votes
2answers
24k views

Run shell script on startup or boot

My problem in a nutshell is that I have to run a script every time I use my computer so I'm trying to automate the process a bit. My system has the nvidia gt540m vga card. The card is dual. It has ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

How can I run a script when the power supply is plugged-in or -out?

For some reason, my laptop's screen brightness does not update when I plug-in or plug-out the power supply. I've looked at quite a few solutions for that problem, but none of them seemed to work well. ...
3
votes
1answer
429 views

How to emulate pressing the Close button from a script?

I wanted Thunderbird to stay in the Background to notify me of incoming mails. After a bit of searching, I found this post. How to keep Thunderbird and Pidgin running on background? The solution is ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Pass variables to script which called script

I have a bash script which must call another bash script which varies per-user in order to get some configuration information, like so: somescript: #!/bin/bash ${HOME}/.ssconfig echo "Hello, ...