the act of stopping & starting a process, or rebooting an entire PC.

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144
votes
5answers
219k views

How do I change the hostname without a restart?

I want to change the OS hostname but I do not want to restart. I have edited /etc/hostname but it requires a restart to get implemented. How to avoid this?
38
votes
4answers
6k views

Why do we need to be root in terminal for shutdown and restart?

When we install/remove/update packages or make any changes which require administrative privileges we are prompted for the password of admin user who has the sudo privileges - this happens both via ...
28
votes
7answers
67k views

How do I restart an Unity session from the terminal?

The command for restarting Gnome2 is: sudo /etc/init.d/gdm restart What is the equivalent for Unity?
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Did they forget about the 'Restart' button, or was it just not important?

Seriously, from the top-right corner button, I have Logout, Suspend, Hibernate & Shutdown but shockingly no Restart. What happened to the Restart button?
16
votes
3answers
22k views

Restart Only GUI Session Or Restart Only Operating System?

Is It possible In Linux to restart only gui session or os ( i m not talking about restarting pc ) back in windows 98 if u want to restart the gui session or only os u just need to hold down shift ...
16
votes
6answers
107k views

How to fix “sudo: unable to open … Read-only file system”?

The title might not be as descriptive as I would like it to be but couldn't come up with a better one. My server's file system went into Read-only. And I don't understand why it does so and how to ...
14
votes
4answers
9k views

Should I always restart the system when I see “System restart required”?

These two nice SE posts (1, 2) comment on restarting one's ubuntu machine but they leave me with a few questions: How do you actually do the restart (I'm a beginner and using 12.04.1 LTS)? Should I ...
13
votes
4answers
40k views

How to successfully restart a network without reboot?

When I am using Ubuntu, sometimes the network goes down and there is no option to bring back the wired network. There is always option for wireless, but no option for wired network. In such case I try ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How resilient is Ubuntu to repeated “power-off” shutdowns?

My company is considering the use of Ubuntu as an OS for use on a hardware device. It would be installed on compact flash drive - apparently this is not standard flash drive but a specific type of ...
12
votes
6answers
12k views

“Shutdown” or “Restart” logs out

While logged in as a sudo user, click the right top power icon, then select and click "Shutdown" menu, it comes up with a dialog asking if I want to close all programs. The dialog has two options: ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Shutdown logs out instead of shutting down

Many times (not all the time) when I want to shutdown or restart, the computer does not shutdown but goes to the screen for changing the user. I am the only user of my computer. So I had to ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Laptop USB ports stop working: how to restart them without restarting the PC? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: USB slots stop working suddenly from time to time The usb ports of my laptop fail for some reason from time to time. This concerns apparently mainly the external mouse ...
8
votes
1answer
577 views

power menu does not have shutdown and restart

I have Ubuntu 11.04 and I works perfect. I do not know what happened but for no reason the logout, restart and shutdown options disappeared from power menu. I did restart it more than one time ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Unable to shutdown, restart or log out

I have been unable to restart, shutdown, or log out of ubuntu since the release of 12.04. I have upgrade at the time of release for 12.10 and now for 13.04 and have had no change in the situation. On ...
7
votes
2answers
616 views

Why does Ubuntu still require restart after kernel updates when tools out there mean it's unnecessary?

A regular occurrence in updating Ubuntu is kernel updates, which require a restart. There are applications which negate the need for a restart after a kernel update e.g. ksplice. Why doesn't Ubuntu ...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Why does Ubuntu 14.04 keep shutting down when playing video?

I'm reasonably tech savvy but very new to Ubuntu and I'm having a problem when watching video. I can watch something for 15 minutes or so whether it be flash based or MP4 or something then Ubuntu ...
6
votes
4answers
15k views

How to restart every 30 minutes automatically?

I would like to schedule a restart of my Ubuntu every 30 minutes. Is there any command or a graphical way to do it?
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How to manually restart services affected by apt upgrades?

How can I issue apt upgrades without automatically stopping/starting daemons? I'd like to manually restart services. To cite a specific example: I'll revisit a long-running machine and run sudo ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Unable to shutdown/restart/hibernate

After I installed ubuntu 11.04, it wont shutdown nor restart, it just freeze, and I have to hold the power button in order to turn off my netbook. (It also happens on livecd) Can anyone tell me the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to suppress or disable the shutdown option from indicator menu or shutdown dialog?

My goal is to allow user only to restart the system, and deny any shutdown (suspend, hibernate). I am running unity-2d. I 've managed to deny suspend and hibernate with polkit policy files like ...
5
votes
1answer
639 views

Is there a way set my resolution to 1600x1200 without a monitor plugged in?

I know how to modify xorg.conf and get it to start at about 1024x768, but I can't get it to start at 1600x1200. It is quite an inconvenience to have to go and manually start them up each time. We ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Shutdown / restart does not complete [closed]

Sometimes when I try to shut-down or restart, I get an error saying: A program is still running: Unknown Not Responding It gives three choices Lock Screen Cancel Reboot anyway (or Shutdown Anyway) ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

Dell Studio 1569 Cannot Shutdown in Ubuntu 11.10 or 12.04

I have not tried a version of Ubuntu prior to 11.10 on my machine. The laptop will not shut down or restart. Shutting down causes it to pause at "Will now Halt", where upon it sits until the battery ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

can not restart samba

I installed samba sudo apt-get install samba. then I made configuration but when i write : sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart message appears " command not found " and when I write ls /etc/init.d I ...
4
votes
3answers
790 views

shutdown -P works, but shutdown -r does not

I have a headless Ubuntu Server 11.04 box. If I use: sudo shutdown -P now It works every time. However, if I instead want to simply restart the machine: sudo shutdown -r now It fails to do so. ...
4
votes
0answers
142 views

Xubuntu Restarts Automatically after Shutdown

I recently installed Xubuntu 14.04 on a Dell Workstation. Whenever I shutdown, two things happen. Either it shuts down and automatically restarts, or it hangs at shutdown with a black screen. ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Cannot restart, reboot, nor shutdown Ubuntu 11.04

I cannot restart, reboot or shut-down my PC using Natty. Whenever I hit shut-down, restart or in terminal sudo reboot it shows a black screen. If I should press down the power button for while, it ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between “restart X” and “/etc/init.d/X restart”?

I normally use this command to restart my daemons(e.g. vsftpd): $sudo /etc/init.d/vsftpd restart Early today I noticed it said that I can try restart(8) utility. I did: $sudo restart vsftpd It ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Kubuntu 12.10 Shortcut to Restart X Server?

I have just upgraded from Kubuntu 12.04 to 12.10. Until now, I was using AltGr+PrintScreen+K key combination to restart the X Server. After the last upgrade this shortcut doesn't work anymore. Do ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to completely restart script from inside the script itself

I'm setting up a shell script with menues and sub menues, options, etc. But on each menu/submenu/etc, i need a "Go back to main menu" choice. I've already got the menu set up and it works fine, but i ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How to set keyboard combination to kill the X server?

It used to be ctrl+alt+backspace to kill x server, but for some unknown reason, it was decided to disable that combination and use something else (I think it is right alt + printscreen +k). So, how ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Is it necessary to reboot after changing group membership?

I would like to know, why it is required to reboot, to apply the changes, which I made. I refer to the use of adduser username sudo I use Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS "Server".
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is ubuntu 14.04 doing while showing “stopping early crypto disks”?

I created a virtual machine to install ubuntu 14.04 on VirtualBox 4.2.12.*. I created virtual CD to install it with fixed-size virtual disk of 200GB. After successful installation, it restarted as ...
3
votes
1answer
702 views

How do I get “restart” option in the system menu in Gnome Classic?

I previously asked a similar question about Unity, but now I'm using (and sticking with) Gnome Classic. There is this drop down menu in the top right corner of the Gnome panel: When you press ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Always Restart when Clicking Shut Down Button

When I shutdown the computer (Ubuntu 14.04), it always retart. Sometime when I press shutdown in the menu, the computer does not show me the mini window for the shutdown button. How to fix it? Thank ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

13.10 Shutdown/Restart issue

I have a clean install of 13.10 using the 3.12 kernel. When I shutdown or restart the process hangs. I press a key and I see: **Killing all remaining processes ....... [fail]** (fail is in red) ...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

My Ubuntu shortcuts arent persistent

I'm running Ubuntu 12.10 64 Bit version. I changed the shortcuts, for moving Windows to left/right/up/down workspace from SHIFT+STRG+ALT+... to STRG+SUPER+ALT+... and after I did so everything works ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

How to avoid upgrade restart

How can I avoid having to restart after an upgrade? I usually lock kernel upgrades as well as all libc packages. However, from time to time, after an upgrade I still am requested to reboot so that ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

UNKNOWN process when ending user session [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to find out which “Unknown” program is still running and preventing shutdown? This process sometimes shows up when shutting down and it never ends in ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

After suspend, my laptop restarts instead of waking up

My laptop is Vaio VPCF11M1E UBUNTU 10.10 64bit After being in suspend state i press the power button to wake up, but it restarts the machine. And a clear ubuntu is coming up. But hibernating works. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to fix a computer that won't restart?

I can't restart my laptop under Ubuntu 12.04 and the screen turns black with no response after clicking the Restart button. How do I fix it?
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Ubuntu 11.10 not starting in Graphical mode?

I am in deep trouble. I am using Ubuntu 11.10 in dual boot mode with XP. Originally my touch pad was not working, (sometimes). To fix that, I installed something. After reboot my Ubuntu is not ...
2
votes
2answers
518 views

How do I reset the network stack as if from a reboot?

Sometimes my netbook (Dell Mini 10v with Broadcom bcm4322 wireless adapter, Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS) gets into a state where it can see wireless connections but not connect to them. Rebooting always fixes ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Launch program in screen after reboot

I am running several headless Ubuntu 12.04 boxes. My typical usage involves logging into each machine via a putty session and executing a script using screen. After logging in via putty, I execute ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Remote reboot over ssh does not restart [duplicate]

I would like to remotely reboot my Ubuntu 12.04 LTS server via ssh. I do sudo reboot and I loose connection and the server connection does not reappear. It does not ping. When I go the the physical ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I add the 'shutdown' and 'restart' buttons in favorites in Gnome Shell?

I recently switched from Unity (Ubuntu 11.10) to the Gnome Shell. It took some tweaking to have it all to my liking, but one thing keeps bothering me: I cannot find the 'shutdown' and 'restart' ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Are reboots required after updates?

I noticed from other posts that /var/run/reboot-required.pkgs tells what package is requiring a reboot, but this file does not exist anymore. I have been running Ubuntu 13.10 (and updated to beta ...
2
votes
4answers
323 views

“PXE-E61: Media test failure” installation boot problem with Ubuntu

For the first time in my Life I am installing an OS. I installed it properly using a USB. After the installation, it asked to restart. On restarting, two things are happening: I restart with the ...
2
votes
1answer
665 views

initctl does not terminate at computer shutdown

I have a fresh install of 13.10 on an ASUS Zenbook UX31E. Every shutdown there is a hang, and with the help of this answer I think I have identified the cause to be /sbin/initctl which does not ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Sound completely cut out, and Restart or Pulse Audio can't fix it

Yes, I was watching a WebM video. Specifically the recent LinuxActionShow "review" of Elementary OS Luna. And about 8 or 9 minutes into the video. The sound just cut out completely. And now no sound ...