An inode (index node) is a data structure found in many Unix file systems. Each inode stores all the information about a file system object (file, device node, socket, pipe, etc.), except data content and file name. (Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inode)

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how to know how many hardlink count an inode has and where are they located

I need to know how many hard-links pointing to a certain inode. And where are those hard-links located in?
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Enabling xattr on Ubuntu 14.04

I'm unable to set any attributes on files using xattr -w 'key' 'value' hello.txt I keep getting: [Errno 95] Operation Not Supported: 'hello.txt' My /etc/fstab is: ...
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/etc/../run and /run have different i-node. How can I safely resolve this issue?

My system shows different inode for /etc/../run and /run. $ ls -iald /etc/../run 393217 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 sep 6 19:18 /etc/../run $ ls -iald /run 9221 drwxr-xr-x 31 root root 1060 sep 25 ...
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orphaned inodes on root file system (ext4); persistent problem

On my trusty systems (VMs under vmWare, desktops, and laptops), we have the following issue. The root file system seems to have inodes that are never marked as "free". After a month of a working ...
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Recovering from apt-get upgrade gone wrong due to a full disk

I was performing an apt-get upgrade on an Ubuntu 12.04.5 LTS box that hadn't been updated in a little while and the upgrade failed due to 'No space left on device'. After a little while I worked out ...
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Make ext3 filesystem with 128 bytes inode size

I need to format external hard disks to EXT3 MBR with the iNode size set to 128 bits. This is for a very specific use, i.e. the delivery of DCP to digital cinema servers. I'd like to be able to do ...
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Ubuntu 12.04 ext4-fs error/inode

I am running a Dell PowerEdge T420 with Ubuntu 12.04 32bit. The hard drives are a RAID1 setup. Last week, I began getting errors that cause the build I am running to fail. I found this in the log ...
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How to prevent users from deleting files that are already in use?

Consider this scenario: User is executing a command on a file. This file becomes 'in-use' now. $ tail -f somefile.log In another shell, user deletes the file. $ rm somefile.log Now, this file ...
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Linux Headers not upgrading. It says “no space” when I have lots

Problems with my linux-headers in a Ubuntu 13.10 upgrade. It says: E: / var/cache/apt/archives/linux-headers-3.11.0-15_3.11.0-15.25_all.deb: unable to create `/ ...
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/usr/src is eating up all inodes

It seems /usr/src (apparently old kernels) used up all my inodes: Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/sda4 489600 489600 0 100% / devtmpfs ...
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Find directories with lots of files in

So a client of mine got an email from Linode today saying their server was causing Linode's backup service to blow up. Why? Too many files. I laughed and then ran: # df -ih Filesystem Inodes ...