Questions dealing with Ubuntu's layout of files, permissions, and files that reside in special locations on disk.

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0
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1answer
70 views

Whenever I open my home (~) folder with nautilus, there is an endless loading

Ubuntu 14.04. Kernel 3.13.1-031301-generic. If I change to another folder the endless loading (*) from hard drive stops. I don't have much in that folder. Any idea what might cause that, or how I ...
0
votes
1answer
380 views

grub rescue, can't boot from usb

I have ubuntu and windows 8.1 dual boot. Suddenly I got the grub rescue screen. I tried grub rescue > ls command and it lists down (hd0) (hd0,msdos1) (hd0,msdos2) (hd1,msdos1) (hd1) when ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is there a Relation be Uboot and UImage?

Can anyone explain me what is a UImage and how it is related to Uboot ?? I understand that UImage is the kernel Image.. But why it is so called and not a Image file..
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Accessing exported gcode from Slic3r?

I've been using Ubuntu for about a month and am definitely a novice, apologies if this question is trivial. I use a program called Slic3r to create gcode (machine instructions) from stl files for 3D ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Can I make a boot drive with my desktop

I want to make a boot drive with all of the system files the same as the files on my desktop. I want to just plug it in and have it boot up with all my settings and files and everything running when I ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

What would cause a system freeze from navigation to /proc?

This is really driving me crazy, if I pull up nautilus and navigate to /proc, my system will completely freeze up. The only way to get out seems to be to SysReq RSEINUB, but sometimes even that ...
0
votes
0answers
121 views

No mountable file systems on Macbook Pro

Downloaded 14.10 to install on a Macbook Pro. Then I get a message ubuntu-14.10-desktop. no mountable file systems
0
votes
0answers
39 views

expanding filesystem

I`m totaly newb in Linux-like systems. Can u help me expand filesystem? Ubuntu server is hosted on Xen. I have some additional space in hypervisor but do not know how to do resize in the system. ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

tmp file in root folder with large size/ very long name

As the title, I have this file in root folder and I don't know what it is. Can I safely remove it? -rw------- 1 root root 925M lug 22 15:28 tmpTKb8nhN6ke4IJ bnWrrgcIz-iyhS8H5V ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Can't view files on Windows 8 partition

I seem to be having a problem with Windows 8 on my desktop PC (not able to boot), so I created a bootable USB stick with Ubuntu to see if I can use it to access my hard disk and hopefully recover at ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

What is 'None' that shows up in the filesystem in Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS?

$ df -h S.ficheros Tamaño Usados Disp Uso% Montado en /dev/sda5 36G 11G 23G 33% / none 4,0K 0 4,0K 0% /sys/fs/cgroup udev 1,5G 4,0K 1,5G 1% ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Why are the MBR and GRUB present as files in the Linux filesystem?

A computer's master boot record consists of raw binary and does not reside on any sort of partition. Legacy GRUB and GRUB 2 are installed to the sectors inbetween the end of the MBR and the start of ...
0
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0answers
32 views

How to Confirm user group permissions in the current fuse user group

I have created a folder "mtp" in /Media and its /media/mtp. The basic property tells: Type:- Folder(inode/directory) and in Permissions it shows Owner and Group as root. It says you are not the ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Number pair prefix to config files

I have noticed some config files having a prefix. E.g. Inside my /etc/php5/cli/conf.d: 05-opcache.ini 10-pdo.ini 20-curl.ini ... Could someone explain this? I am thinking something along the ...
68
votes
1answer
45k views

Differences between /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, /usr/sbin, /usr/local/bin, /usr/local/sbin [duplicate]

I'm running an Ubuntu Server 13.04, but I see the same on a 12.04: I have six directories with command files. These are: /bin /sbin /usr/bin /usr/sbin /usr/local/bin /usr/local/sbin What are the ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Is there anyway to undo wipefs?

So I (very stupidly) performed a wipefs on my XFS formatted 4tb Linux (software) raid 5 array in trying to convert over to a bcache setup (I was following some instructions online and should have paid ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Cannot delete a folder

I have Segate backup + 1TB external HDD recently since 1 month i am unable to copy the files effectively sometimes the copying is 10 kb/s like that. and sometimes iam getting error like Input/output ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

chown not working on remote filesystem, other commands (e.g., chmod) do work

I am trying to change the ownership of a file on a remote filesystem, but chown responds with chown: changing ownership of ‘foo’: No such file or directory However, as you can see, foo is there and ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

File system went read only after adding ssh key

I followed this guide to set up ssh key on my digital ocean droplet, but since I made step 4 my file system went read-only. I changed /etc/ssh/sshd_config from PermitRootLogin yes to PermitRootLogin ...
1
vote
1answer
685 views

print contents of a directory structure (filesystem) to CSV on the command line

How can I catalog the contents of a filesystem to a CSV file? This is particularly useful for removable media. I've found a couple links that point in this direction: AskUbuntu.com: listing files ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

File creating permission Denied [duplicate]

I have removed Windows 7 and installed Unbuntu 14.04. I have successfully installed LAMP but the problem is that I cannot save a file with a PHP extension in local-server using the Bluefish editor . ...
2
votes
1answer
13k views

Difficulty trying to mount an ISO file “mount: you must specify the filesystem type”

I have an .iso file which I would like to mount. I have made a folder in /mnt/iso as a mount point. Now I try: sudo mount -o loop filename.iso /mnt/iso and the reply is: mount: you must specify ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How to disable LVM for sda?

When I installed Ubuntu 14.04, I check use LVM option. I want to disable LVM for sda, but I don't want to wipe this disk. Is it possible?
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Unable to create a directory on a mounted file system (FUSE). mkdir: cannot create directory `dirname': File exists

I was trying out the FUSE file system. I downloaded fuse 2.9.3 and installed it to a directory in my Home directory. I did rest of the work as superuser (as I was denied to manipulate the mounted ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Copy a file from one ext4 partition to other

I have two ext4 partition and I want to copy some files from one partition to other in GUI not using terminal, but it does not allow me to do so. It simply a root permission problem. I just want to ...
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Is XFS a distributed file system or a journaling file system?

Is XFS a distributed file system or a journaling file system? In Wikipedia it says that XFS is a journaling file system, but in the Berkely website they mentioned that it is a serverless file ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Why have all my files become read-only?

Okay so I was trying to install spotify onto my ubuntu...and I don't know what I did wrong, but I do not have spotify and all of my files have become read-only (everything in the file system has a ...
1
vote
1answer
361 views

Sanddisk drive write protected

My sanddisk usb write protected i tried ashokkrishna@ashokkrishna-Lenovo-B560:~$ sudo mount -o rw /dev/sdc1 /mnt mount: block device /dev/sdc1 is write-protected, mounting read-only # sudo mkfs -t ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

gdisk before umount -> file system corrupted

I think I did something stupid, but I don't know how to fix it... Please help: I connected a NTFS format 2TB HDD to my ubuntu, and would like to format it to ext4 I mounted it, and copied the files ...
1
vote
0answers
483 views

An error occurred while mounting /

for no reason I have not been able to boot Ubuntu 14.04 today. Splash screen at first displayed "An error occurred while mounting /". I tried to do filesystem check: ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo fsck.ext4 ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Block-level deduplicating filesystem

I'm looking for a deduplicating copy-on-write filesystem solution for general user data such as /home and backups of it. It should use online/inline/synchronous deduplication at the block-level using ...
102
votes
6answers
32k views

How to understand the Ubuntu file system layout?

In Windows there’re perhaps only a couple of important folders (by important I mean important in my logical picture of the Windows file system) in the installation drive (in my case C:\). Namely ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

New File System drivers for ubuntu [closed]

I have done some kernel development previously, simple ones really. I wanted to know what direction I should be looking in to create a custom files system of my own. Most things I have found with a ...
0
votes
1answer
784 views

Gradle using terminal with Android Studio install on Ubuntu 12.04

Can not get the terminal commands to work with gradle. I trying to get Gradle to work outside of Android Studio as a prelude to scripting up various flavors of my app. I got the flavors to build ...
42
votes
2answers
22k views

Whats the .local folder for in my Home Directory

What is the ~/.local folder good for and is it safe to remove the content within this folder?
0
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0answers
38 views

Encrypting filesystems on 14.04

I recently installed Ubuntu 14.04.1 server on an HP ProLiant ML110 which had previously been running 12.04 and which has two additional hard disks containing data in an unencrypted form. I didn't ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Media Scanner Script

I am a beginner with Bash scripting. I have recently been working on a script to harden Ubuntu computers for a school project. Everything is going well, except that the students are not allowed to ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Mount disk with write permissions but leave it untouched

I have a raw image that I would like to mount to my system (Ubuntu 12). The problem is that I don't want to write anything to the disk itself, so the raw image will stay as it was before mounted. I ...
43
votes
4answers
104k views

How to get a drive formatted with exfat working?

In Ubuntu 13.04 there was an option to use the PPA by Relan in order to get ExFat functionality. Seeing that in Ubuntu this functionality is now available from the repositories without the PPA I tried ...
23
votes
3answers
16k views

Is there a simple way to add exFAT support? [duplicate]

When I insert a USB stick or camera flash card I get the following error: unknown filesystem type 'exfat' Is there a simple way to add exFAT support to Ubuntu without kernel patching?
21
votes
1answer
32k views

Mount unknown filesystem exfat [closed]

When trying to mount an exfat filesystem, I get the following error: Error mounting /dev/sda6 at /media/gkp/Backup: Command-line `mount -t "exfat" -o "uhelper=udisks2,nodev,nosuid" "/dev/sda6" ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

What file lets me change the directories linked to through the places menu

I'm sure I've edited this before but I've searched around for answers and I can't seem to find what the file was. (ex to change the location of the pictures link under the places menu to somewhere ...
11
votes
4answers
41k views

Force fsck.ext4 on reboot, but really “forceful”

One of my Ubuntu 10.04 servers is giving me trouble. When I run fsck.ext4 -n /dev/sda5 it tells me there are errors in the free inode count, free block count, and more. I have tried: touch ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Default to showing and using pathbar in Ubuntu file dialogs?

I have fresh installs of Ubuntu and am trying to get it to default to showing the path bar in file open dialogs. Currently, if I am prompted to save or open a file a file dialog is shown but defaults ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How to Create Virtual Block Devices

I want to create multiple virtual block devices like /dev/sda and then use them to create an md device for test purpose. I have mounted my root filesystem on /dev/sda1 and don't have extra space to ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Accidentally partitioned media drive as ext3 during install (was ext4), how can I recover?

I recently did a fresh install of ubuntu on a system with an old ubuntu install. I have a separate hard-drive which used to have a single ext4 partition, but during the install I accidentally selected ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Minimizing effects of large number of files

I need to manage a filesystem with a large number of files (hundreds of thousands). This filesystem is rsynced periodically. The vast majority of files don't change often, but since there's so many, ...
-1
votes
1answer
140 views

How do I fix a bad /etc/fstab if the hard disk read-only?

I had created a bootable hackintosh usb stick but I found that I had a problem that could be solved by renaming a file or editing another. But the usb stick was read only and, in a moment of ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Large discrepancy between df and du

My / partition which holds everything (including /home), was suddenly using 100% of disk space. I removed a few files and now df shows $ df -h /dev/sda1 Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Can't remove or list a file inside Dropbox directory

I tried to delete a directory named .dropbox.cache under Dropbox folder(dropbox was not running or not started yet) with sudo rm -r -f <directory_name> but it results rm: can't remove ...