Questions dealing with Ubuntu's layout of files, permissions, and files that reside in special locations on disk.

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1
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2answers
83 views

What harm can a cold reboot cause into your computer? [closed]

I was taking a look at the game DEFCON, and it froze my PC. Unfortunately, I only discovered the REISUB thing after a cold reboot. Now, what harm the cold reboot caused into my computer? Any type of ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

How to allow only one program to read/write to a file at a time in Ubuntu?

Is there any way in the OS, to issue read/write lock on file? I mean, the file itself should not open, if a lock is issued! NOTE: Don't give me programming solutions.
0
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3answers
49 views

Unnoticingly I deleted a directory. Is there a way to recover it?

I found something over the internet here https://www.howtoforge.com/data_recovery_from_accidently_deleted_files_or_crashed_drives_in_ubuntu ...
70
votes
9answers
208k views

How do I view all available HDD's/partitions?

I found a 6 GB IDE HDD in my basement. I want to plug it in and see what might be on it. The drive seems to be recognized in BIOS. I can't find it in Ubuntu to view files, and Ubuntu is the only OS ...
14
votes
3answers
28k views

Can I disable full-disk encryption?

I recently installed Ubuntu 12.10 and it requires a passphrase to boot up (I installed it with an encrypted file system). Do I have to reinstall to change to a standard unencrypted file system?
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Use of “cp” command between root user's home and plain root

How do I use the "cp" command to copy files from root@pcname:/home/username # to root@pcname:~ # I have been able to use the mv command to move a file, but when I use cp, it tells me that the ...
27
votes
4answers
40k views

How do I use OverlayFS?

This answer and email message indicate that something called "OverlayFS" is available in Ubuntu 11.10 and will forcefully replace aufs in Ubuntu 12.04. How do I use it? Where is its documentation?
11
votes
1answer
329 views

Where are SMS and MMS stored?

I have BQ Aquaris E4.5 Ubuntu Edition phone and I'm not able to get MMS. If someone sends me a MMS, I just get empty message with no sender or anything. I can see those messages in message-app but ...
22
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2answers
1k views

Does the /dev/null file actually have a fixed size?

I have just found out that /dev/null is a file and not a directory. I'm just wondering if it has an actual file size.
0
votes
1answer
61 views

btrfs performance parallel access

I'm running a Raid5 (3x 500GB Sata2 HDD) based on btrfs 3.12 (Ubuntu 14.04 x64) and a VirutalBox VM uses this volume. As long as no other process accesses the volume, the VM runs fine. But recently I ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Linux, boot safe mode - repair broken packages not working?

Xubuntu 12.04 Application windows started to open only partly functional/broken? Some do not display fully, are not able to minimise, expand or close (missing these buttons) and are visually flat - ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How to hide btrfs devices in nautilus dynamicly

According to this question and answer: How to hide btrfs devices in nautilus? Is it possible to do this dynamically? Devices like /dev/sdc1 might not be the same on next boot, so a static ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Read only filesystem?

Whenever I try running apt-geti get this error: mike@mike-ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get upgrade [sudo] password for mike: sudo:unable to open /var/lib/sudo/mike/1: No such file or directory W: Not using ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

using locate on an encrypted partition

I selected /home/ to be encrypted when I was installing Ubuntu. Now, is it possible to make locate work with an encrypted partition like this?
0
votes
0answers
13 views

purpose of bamf-2.index [duplicate]

What is the purpose of /usr/share/applications/bamf-2.index ? I have noticed the applications it contains are installed in my computer. But I don't think it contains the complete list. Because the ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

How to protect essential Windows files on NTFS partition from edit/deletion in Ubuntu?

So I made a mistake yesterday, accidentally deleting essential Windows files when working in Ubuntu (namely NTUSER.DAT). Just quickly my system set-up: I have Windows 7 (NTFS partition) and Ubuntu ...
106
votes
6answers
36k views

How to understand the Ubuntu file system layout?

In Windows there’re perhaps only a couple of important folders (by important I mean important in my logical picture of the Windows file system) in the installation drive (in my case C:\). Namely ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

How can I prune my BTRFS backups?

I have a BTRFS backup system where I take daily snapshots (btrfs subvolume snapshot) and serialize them into incremental change files based off the previous days backup (btrfs send -f backup.date ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Is O_NOATIME safe to ignore?

I am designing a filesystem to be implemented in FUSE. I have a question regarding what is allowed and best practice. There are 2 scenarios: User process calls open(..., O_NOATIME). Filesystem ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the easiest way to merge / and /home?

I have separate / and /home partitions, of which both use ext4 as their filesystem. How can I merge them, and what is the easiest way?
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Folder permissions changed [duplicate]

I have very specific questions regarding permissions. I have delved into the FilePermissions Wiki - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/FilePermissions Recently I installed an ecommerce open source ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Irremovable folder after wiping free space with bleach bit

I have a following problem. Yesterday I was using Bleach Bit as root to wipe free space. When I woke up Bleach Bit was not Responding and the terminal hangs on "suffix length = 235". So I force Bleach ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Ubuntu: Unable to mount SD card

I did go through other similar questions and realized that although the questions are the same but for the different reasons. Nothing so far I have tried based on online-help or suggestion helped me. ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

What's up with the sudden appearance of .AppleDouble folders all over my filesystem?

Something I have never seen on my Ubuntu machine before now- .AppleDouble folders have appeared in many different folders all over my filesystem. It creeped me out- like someone on a Mac was looking ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Number of files shown via Properties and when copying are different?

I have looked at "Properties" of a folder to see the number of files and the folder's size. When I decided to copy the folder to my Desktop, number of files and the folder's size shown on the progress ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Which subdirectories of / should have compression disabled in btrfs root filesystem?

Imagine you set up your root filesystem to be btrfs with Ubuntu 14.10 defaults (one subvolume for / and one for /home) and you want to compress and deduplicate as much as possible. Which directories ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Dynamically set user groups for directories and files on a directory

I have made some vhosts which resides on my home folder, and i have given the group access to www-data user. This way the project (a web system) renders on the browser. This is a symfony based ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Get back Documents folder? [duplicate]

I deleted my documents and downloads folder. How can I get them back. I don't want them to be like any other folder, I would like it to be like how it used to be where it shows on the side of the ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

/opt folder missing in Ubuntu 14.04

I'm trying to install Eclipse "by the book" in /opt, but when trying to access /opt, it seems that /opt directory doesn't exist in Ubuntu 14.04: $ cd /opt/ bash: cd: /opt/: No such file or directory ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

I want to resize my mount point partition of ubuntu 12.04 and install winndows 7 .HOw can I do that? [duplicate]

I want to resize the Ubuntu 12.04 partition and install Windows 7. How can I do that? Please refer to the screenshot of Gparted editor. I want to resize the dev/sda3 partition.
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Ubuntu hard reboot. Failed to power

I was told to do a hard reboot on my ubuntu 14.04.2 Ubuntu Desktop. Once i did it didn't turn completely back on. So i got prepared to run fsck, So i put in the recovery disk and rebooted my computer ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

I can't access into my Ubuntu account 14.04

For disgrace I have asked advice in "chiedi Ubuntu" forum - the Italian version of ask Ubuntu - and for following their advice, I can't get anymore in my Ubuntu account due to internal errors of the ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Why can not change the file /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward?

$ sudo echo 1 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward bash: /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward: Permission denied then I try to get write privilege, also failed. $ sudo chmod a+wx ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I optimise ext4 for reliability?

As ext4 was introduced as more reliable than ext3 with block journals, is there any chance to suppose it 100% reliable? What if enabling block journaling on it, which is disabled by default? As ...
1
vote
1answer
819 views

Sanddisk drive write protected

My sanddisk usb write protected i tried ashokkrishna@ashokkrishna-Lenovo-B560:~$ sudo mount -o rw /dev/sdc1 /mnt mount: block device /dev/sdc1 is write-protected, mounting read-only # sudo mkfs -t ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Manual Partitioning During Installation: Understanding File System Types

I am wondering if anyone can help me understand the difference(s) between the different file system types: ie. swap, ext4, reiserfs, etc... I am working with the manual partitioning during ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How do you fix file permissions for root directory?

What is the best way to fix Ubuntu's Root file system permissions? I was changing file permissions on a whole bunch of files that needed to be removed, I had accidentally changed the permissions ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Where do deleted files go in Ubuntu?

I have a very simple question. Where do files go when you delete them? I know when I send files to "Trash", they go to "trash", but when I delete them, I do not know where they go.
0
votes
0answers
49 views

How to repair NTFS Filesystem

how can I restore NTFS filesystem...i had a partition on a 1 TB hard drive now on fdisk -l I receive 2 unknown systems one with id 72 and one with id 6c. I tried chkdsk in windows without success. ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Why does the path // exists? [duplicate]

I have on occasion accidentally typed this to change to the root directory. $ cd // It works fine and I am in the root directory because ls returns same results as if I am on root. But why is this ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

How to mount UBIFS/MTD partitions?

I have a lovely mount: unknown filesystem type 'ubifs' error with Ubuntu 14.04. What package provides this functionality? It should be included in some previous versions of Ubuntu. The mtd-* ...
0
votes
1answer
943 views

How come you can put a question mark in file names?

In Windows, you cant put a ? in a file or directory name, because they are reserved characters for PHP GET functions and wildcards. But in Ubuntu, I can. I can name a file "lol?.txt" and access it ...
12
votes
5answers
587 views

Launch nautilus in location navigated to in Terminal [duplicate]

I find it rather hard to travel through my system using nautilus and much prefer using the cd etc commands in Terminal to get around my system, but I find that sometimes I do need to look at a list of ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Location of edited text files on Ubuntu touch

Where does the Ubuntu-touch editor (Edit from the Ubuntu store on the bq aquaris 4.5) save files? I am able to open files I edited on the "local files" menu, but I cannot find where they are stored on ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

installing exfat-fuse: Error: can't find signing_key_fingerprint

I have a samsung evo 64gb, which has apparently been formatted with the microsoft exfat filesystem. I wish to mount it on an ubuntu 10.04 system. There are many responses in respect of how to do ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Missing File After Destroying KVM

I am using virsh to manage my KVMs on Ubuntu 14.04. I store my disk path targets (.IMG files) on an LV and mount it manually. I, of course, forgot to mount this LV after a restart but virsh was still ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Replacing /etc/resolv.conf

I'm running Ubuntu 14.04 alongside windows 8.1. But in no way could I make the Internet work. I messed up trying to replace the /etc/resolv.conf file and it got removed... I would like to download it ...
4
votes
2answers
25k views

Mount USB drive with write permissions for everyone or specific user

I know there are similar questions but I get some specific problem I can't overcome. I have: HDD split into two partitions. /dev/sdb1 and /dev/sdb2. sdb1 is NTFS and I don't need it. I need sdb2 ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Input/output error on /etc/shadow

the file /etc/shadow seems to be corrupted as every time I try to remove it throws an input/output error. Now this is a problem because it contains my passwords and I get login without it. Anyone now ...