Questions dealing with Ubuntu's layout of files, permissions, and files that reside in special locations on disk.

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0
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1answer
98 views

Migrate root filesystem from btrfs to ext4

I want migrate a Ubuntu installation off of btrfs as root because it frequently hangs and causes out of space errors and I really don't need the snapshots. The partition was created empty and not ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How could I set a file overlay on my whole system?

I need to build and test system components on my Ubuntu laptop and I want to be sure that it won't damage (or replace any my current components) (I plan to build and test gtk, gstreamer and ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Stale file handle

i added new structure member for creator in ext2 inode structure at ext2.h, currently i downloaded linux-3.18.7 and modified and i enable the ext2_fs option in.config file, after compilation i entered ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Binding /var during installation

I want to install an SSD into my desktop PC, putting there the root and other folders like /etc. What I don't want to put there is /var, because I work with databases pretty often. So, what I want to ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Is it possible to prevent a file from being deleted unless in safe mode?

Is it possible to make a file only deletable when in safe mode on linux? Specifically I am using ubuntu 14.04 and I need to prevent a file from being deleted. If this solution is not possible is ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Explanation of entries in dmesg log in Ubuntu Server 14.04

A few days ago I did a clean install of Ubuntu Server 14.04. Everything is working fine, but when my system boots I get these entries in dmesg log: [ 3.106082] EXT4-fs (dm-0): mounted filesystem ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Recover the directory structure of a lost LVM Logical volume?

I am aware of the huge amount of data recovery questions on this site, and reading all of them I think my case is unique enough to warrant a new question. how it came to be I set up a LVM with ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

ubuntu file system memory allocation

While building ubuntu OS image from source how to allocate specific memory to specific folders of filesystem i.e. /home will get xx GB, /sbin will get xxy GB, /bin get yytt GB etc. Is there any ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How can I design one Linux file system? [closed]

In an interview, I came across this question. He asked me "Design a linux file system." He asked to give what all things I would need, Data structures and all. Can anyone help me in this that how I ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Help with restoring windows 7 boot from ubuntu grub

I just sold my old laptop on ebay and had Windows 7 and Ubuntu 14.04 installed on separate partitions on the same hd. When I restored factory settings to Windows 7 I deleted the partition that Ubuntu ...
50
votes
8answers
37k views

How to find (and delete) duplicate files

I have a largish music collection and there are some duplicates in there. Is there any way to find duplicate files. At a minimum by doing a hash and seeing if two files have the same hash. Bonus ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

how to extend root (/) partition by freeing ext4 partition? [duplicate]

My root (/) partition is full and i want to extend my root file system by freeing extra memory present in other partition which is ext4. How to free some space with ext4 allocation and how to extend ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Cannot create File system on HD

When I run this command: partprobe ; mkfs -t ext4 -q /dev/tbdata/mediashare I get this error: Error: /dev/mapper/tbdata-vmbox: unrecognised disk label Could not stat /dev/tbdata/mediashar --- No ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Lost a desktop folder

I am pretty new to Linux and was trying to change the name of a desktop folder from Documents to Media when I got an error message about the pathway. I restarted the computer and lost the folder. I ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

btrfs is full, but only half a disk is really used [duplicate]

I see this: root@wm-bot:/var/lib# du -ksh /var/lib/mysql/ 2.0G /var/lib/mysql/ root@wm-bot:/var/lib# root@wm-bot:/var/lib# df -h df: `/public/backups': Stale NFS file handle Filesystem ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

How do you Identify apps or procs that create large tmp files?

I am having problems when using GNS3 on a Win7 host running a VMware Workstation Ubuntu VM. Not sure what app or process is creating large 3+GB temp files filing up my drive. How can tell. Below is ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

How do I access the file system as a root or owner?

I need to add online store configuration files in file system var/www. but I can't access the file system, because it says that only owner can access it, the owner is root. So, how can I access those ...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

Low disk Space in Root Filesystem Error

The system gives me the following error: The volume "Filesystem Root" has only 713.9 MB disk space remaining. You can free up disk space by removing unused programs or files, or moving files to ...
19
votes
5answers
5k views

Find directories with lots of files in

So a client of mine got an email from Linode today saying their server was causing Linode's backup service to blow up. Why? Too many files. I laughed and then ran: # df -ih Filesystem Inodes ...
113
votes
5answers
109k views

How is the /tmp directory cleaned up?

How is the /tmp directory cleaned up? Is it automatic? If so, how frequently is it cleaned up?
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Unable to write to ext4, No space left on device?

After creating a folder in my ext4 partition, copying some data to it, then moving that whole folder to another drive, I became unable to add additional data to the ext4 partition when I boot into ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Proper Linux filesystem from Ubuntu ISO file

It is known that one can install a Ubuntu iso file on a usb or hard drive, which itself yields the proper Linux filesystem which consists of folders: bin/ boot/ dev/ etc/ home/ lib/ media/ mnt/ opt/ ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Resizing filesystems

I have following filesystems on my Ubuntu 12.04: u@czarnobog:~$ df -hT Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/md1-md1 ext4 31G 27G 2.7G 91% / udev ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Why the file has 0755, but 'Permission denied'?

Why the file has 0755, but I got an error 'Permission denied'? root@vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64:~/.rbenv/versions/2.2.0/bin# ls -la total 14000 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 9 20:25 . drwxr-xr-x ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Change permissions of / of mounted disk

I've accidentally changed the permissions of /on my system, thus obviously nothing is working anymore now. I can access my server via a rescue system and mount the disk. How can I fix the ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

I can't access my device partitions?

I can't access my files in other partitions even if I mounted them by mount /dev/sda12? How can I solve this problem? on Using cat /etc/fstab /etc/mtab I got the following output. /etc/fstab: ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How to remove disk lock [closed]

I have installed ubuntu 14:04 version, I already write the password on the disk. turns out it was too long for me, I want to disable it, how? I am a beginner, need an answer
3
votes
1answer
914 views

'mount -t ntfs-3g' Fails (exit code 1) but 'ntfs-3g' Succeeds

I'm currently on 12.04LTS and I've installed a couple of updates. (not sure which) Now my nautilus cannot mount any NTFS partition (complaining about exit code 1), and indeed sudo mount -t ntfs-3g ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to get rid of more than one million ghostfiles?

I periodically run Bleachbit 1.0 on my Lubuntu machine (kernel 3.13.0-35-generic). Last time, I checked the option to wipe free disk space, mainly to try it. The program got stuck on a message saying ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Missing Files-my “music” folder is lost

I am using 14.04 version of ubuntu,when I opened my files I found my music folder was missing.Clicking on it says somthing spelling error.I have not yet done partition i.e I have no drives,there all ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

mount boot camp partition

I have my hard drive from my mac it has a boot camp patition, but the mac is dead. Ubutnu sees the partition, calling it /dev/sdc3 and reporting that it has a basic linux data partition. I tried to ...
0
votes
3answers
44 views

How to select a file without opening it?

This is probably a quite trivial question, but I cannot seem to find the answer on-line. I set my file browser to single click opening as it is easier to work with, but, since clicking opens the file ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

how to automount sda2 partition

How do I mount sda2 from sda1? thufir@doge:~$ thufir@doge:~$ sudo parted -l Model: ATA ST500DM002-1BD14 (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 500GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/4096B Partition Table: msdos ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Ways of resolve case conflict when moving files to a Dropbox folder

As documented here, Dropbox appends (Case Conflict) to a file moved in ubuntu to a dropbox folder already containing a file of the same name (ignoring case). I would like to set up alternative ways ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How do i change the mount point of a file system? is it safe?

My file system structure looks as follows Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/vg_root-lv_root 38929872 36450548 503672 99% / tmpfs 4025936 ...
26
votes
2answers
16k views

How to open Nautilus at current command line directory?

I was wondering if anybody knew a command that would allow me to open a Nautilus (if that's the right name for the Ubuntu 12.04 graphic/window explorer) window from the command line at the current ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Need help deleting a directory

I have a directory in my home directory (the one with My Documents, etc.) with a name that looks a bit like my username (random upper-lowercase alphabetical characters). It suddenly appeared Tuesday, ...
50
votes
4answers
16k views

Why have both /mnt and /media?

It seems to me that having both /mnt and /media is a little redundant. Is there any tangible difference between the two that I'm not aware of? Is there a standard that most people follow for where to ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

How to navigate to connected iPhone? Filesystem path to `afc://`?

When I connect my iPhone to Ubuntu 11.10, it gets automounted as afc://ca60751cc4b1ebb427c2f9da324914b0643a21f8/ and I can see that there are photos stored in ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How to check for any activity on a physical disk?

I have an SD card that's connected via a USB interface. The output of fdisk -l indicates the following: Disk /dev/sdb: 3965 MB, 3965190144 bytes I have a script that re-initializes multiple ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Is there a “session-wise” filesystem encryption?

AFAIK, there are partition encryption, or filesystem encryption like ecryptfs. But both of them only ask permission when mounting. By which I mean, once I mounted them, any other users could access ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Which union filesystem is best supported?

I'm interested in knowing the answer to this unanswered question from the Ubuntu Forums: I am trying to get one folder to display the content of two other folders. ... I am a bit troubled by ...
4
votes
2answers
424 views

Cannot mount second drive at “/”

I have a second drive that I want to be mounted at the root. The drive contains the following folders: /home /shared I want those two folders to be accessible at "/". I can mount the drive at ...
229
votes
7answers
201k views

How do I determine the total size of a directory (folder) from the command line?

Is there a simple command to display the total aggregate size (disk usage) of all files in a directory (folder)? I have tried these, and they don't do what I want: ls -l, which only displays the ...
8
votes
3answers
9k views

New ext4 partition and used space

I have fresh ext4 partition, which means I just formated it with mkfs.ext4 -m 0.1 /dev/mapper/abak-home, and there's already 27G space used. Setting reserved root space (-m) to 0 didn't have any ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Can't alter/change access rights

I've downloaded some gopro footage to my local hd and then copied the files from my hd to an external drive. Whenever I want to change the access rights it will switch back to read only in Nautilus. ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Can't create files on desktop in Ubuntu 14.04

I accidentally created a desktop shortcut in my home directory. To remove it, I did sudo rm -rf Desktop Now I can't create files and folders on my desktop.
8
votes
8answers
7k views

How to create an encrypted partition?

I am trying to create an encrypted partition, and while I format it I get the option to choose the partition type (fat/ext2/ext3/ext4/xfs/reiserfs/minix/ntfs). Is there any benefit of choosing one ...
0
votes
0answers
237 views

help resolve fatal error: sys/cdefs.h: No such file or directory # include <sys/cdefs.h>

I am trying to install wrf-chem on my 14.04 LTS and got the following error messages when i tried to run the test below.please help. Test #4: Fortran Calling a C Function (our gcc and gfortran have ...
9
votes
2answers
7k views

How do I create an encrypted filesystem inside a file?

Recently i've found this interesting tutorial: http://flossstuff.wordpress.com/2011/08/07/using-a-file-as-a-storage-device/ It explains how to create an empty file, format it as ext4, and mount it ...