Debian GNU / Linux is the distribution upon which Ubuntu is based. Ubuntu uses the same packaging system as Debian. These questions should be about how Ubuntu and Debian work together from a workflow perspective.

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82
votes
6answers
27k views

What is the simplest Debian Packaging Guide?

I went to the Ubuntu wiki but got confused,there were too many ways. Please tell me an easy guide to Debian packaging.
65
votes
6answers
60k views

Debian Stable vs Ubuntu LTS for Server?

Which is a better platform for a professional use server? Debian Stable or Ubuntu LTS? The third party software we plan to use, works on both. Which one is better on it own merits? Take into ...
58
votes
5answers
21k views

How is Ubuntu different from Debian?

Ubuntu is a derivative of Debian. It uses the same package format. In what ways is Ubuntu different from Debian?
34
votes
2answers
38k views

Which Ubuntu version is equivalent to Debian Squeeze?

I have some software packages customised for Ubuntu 10.04, 10.10 and 12.10, but now I have to install them on Debian Squeeze. I have been unable to Google for a mapping between specific Ubuntu and ...
31
votes
3answers
9k views

What does “${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}” do in my terminal prompt?

In my terminal prompt definition in my .bashrc file, among other things, I have this snippet of code: ${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)} What does this do, and do I need it?
30
votes
4answers
62k views

What is the default Debian/Ubuntu console (TTY) font called?

I'm currently running Ubuntu and a few other Linux distributions on my computer and since I use the TTY a lot, a good font is pretty important! Does anyone know the name of the default console/TTY ...
27
votes
7answers
19k views

Is running Ubuntu One on Debian 'possible'? [closed]

I read somewhere that Ubuntu One only runs on Ubuntu, which was a surprise (and I suppose it's just an official stance). What will it take for me to run it on Debian?
22
votes
3answers
10k views

What is the difference between Ubuntu and Debian server? [closed]

I know Ubuntu is basically Debian, and I know Ubuntu releases every 6 months, Debian every 2 years. However, I want to know more the advanced differences between Ubuntu server and Debian. If they have ...
20
votes
6answers
8k views

“Ubuntu is an ancient african word, meaning 'I can't configure Debian.'” — why did they write that?

From urban dictionary ubuntu is defined as "Ubuntu is an ancient african word, meaning "I can't configure Debian"". http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=ubuntu I'm confused for that... How ...
20
votes
3answers
986 views

How do I propose my project to be part of Debian too?

I have a new project hosted at launchpad.net. My project can be useful for both: Ubuntu and Debian. However, I can't find a documentation to start host my project at launchpad.net and get my package ...
18
votes
2answers
7k views

How is Ubuntu more updated than Debian?

I am reading Debian vs. Ubuntu vs. Linux Mint: Which Distribution Should You Use? Ubuntu, on the other hand, is made to include a good combination of new and stable ... Some packages can be used ...
16
votes
6answers
20k views

Adding Debian Sid as Package Repository?

I am running 12.04 Precise beta (upgraded from 11.10 Oneiric) and I added the following line to my /etc/apt/source.list: deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free In order ...
15
votes
0answers
601 views

How do I put a package into the Ubuntu repositories? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to get my software into Ubuntu? I've created a Python application for Ubuntu. How do I package it and submit it for possible inclusion in the universe repository?
14
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between Debian contrib & non-free and how it corresponds to Ubuntu?

I have been trying to understand the difference between Debian's contrib and non-free sections. Do contrib packages just wrappers around non-free softwares? Like what we have in flashplugin-nonfree ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

How to have Debian packaging generate two packages given an upstream source archive?

I am packaging something for my PPA. The upstream source is a .tar.gz archive which is Makefile-based. Since this package has a significant amount of architecture-independent data, it would be wise ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

What does dsfg as a part of package names mean?

I know the general format for package names in Debian and Ubuntu. Some packages have additions to the standard numbering scheme with obvious meaning like svn20090426 etc. But also quite a few packages ...
12
votes
3answers
420 views

I've filed an ITP bug on bugs.debian.org - now how do I get the package into Ubuntu?

I've written a development library that I would like to include in the Ubuntu archives. From what I understand, the best way to do this is to first get the package into Debian and then request a ...
11
votes
3answers
684 views

What is Utnubu?

Not Ubuntu,I heard it on Planet Ubuntu but google doesn't tell me anything. It is something related to Debian.
11
votes
1answer
7k views

How to safely download and gpg verify a Debian source package?

I need specific (source or binary) packages from Debian. Can I download the package using apt-get? How can I add the Debian repository to my sources.list so it only gets used on a by case base? ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

is it possible to use Debian repositories in Ubuntu?

Since Ubuntu is a Debian derivative I thought maybe it's possible
10
votes
3answers
13k views

Which version of Debian are Ubuntu LTS releases based on?

This answer says: The base of the operating system, Debian, comes in three versions: Stable, Testing and Unstable. Normally, Ubuntu is based on Testing; the LTS releases are based on Stable. ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

How can a Debian package install Python modules from PyPI

This question tries to complement this one . I have a python app which uses third party modules from PyPI. I want to package my app into a debian package, but don't know how to handle python ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Rename a file during install of a Debian package

I have a python script that I want to package for Debian. I use a debian/install file where I wrote auto_dice.py /usr/bin/ Linitan then complains about the .py extension ...
9
votes
3answers
674 views
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Can I download Ubuntu 'Lite' - just the core?

As a bit of a personal project im wanting to create a very lightweight desktop environment with something like fluxbox. As a start point im wanting to use something like a lightweight version of ...
8
votes
2answers
476 views

How come the override_dh_build-indep sequence isn't run by debuild?

I'm having a bad time trying to generate some documentation for a shared library within debian/rules. I asked a question earlier about which target to use for generating the documentation. My problem ...
7
votes
3answers
31k views

How to create init.d startup script

I just want to run a very simple command on startup. How can I do that? I've searched google and it has very complicated examples, but what I need is just run this script on startup. How can I do ...
6
votes
2answers
981 views

Could I make Ubuntu a rolling distro?

From what I understand, Debian testing/unstable/experimental are rolling release, right? Since Ubuntu is based on Debian, could I the Debian testing repo to my software sources and make my Ubuntu a ...
6
votes
2answers
149 views

Is there a foolproof and easy way of determining which debs meant for ubuntu will install on debian

I have used ubuntu for a long time, and have collected a lot of Ubuntu .deb packages which I may need for future installs. Most of these are grabbed from outdated or obsolete PPAs or from outside ...
6
votes
1answer
521 views

Technically speaking, what is different about Ubuntu compared to other Linux distributions?

This is a question that's puzzled me for quite a while (and refers to the differences between all distributions). In my mind, a distribution is: a pre-configured OS, with some pre-installed packages, ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How to create debuginfo package?

I have created rpm packages for a software along with debuginfo. For Ubuntu/Debian , I have only the software packaged as .deb but don't know how to create debuginfo .deb package. Please let me know ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

what is the purpose and role of rules file in debian packaging

I am trying to debian package my C++ application developed with aid of Netbeans 7.3. Here is bit of Makefile of it. APPNAME=remotedevicecontroller install: install config.xml ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Default location of web site content

I am looking to install MediaWiki on a production server (after doing a test on a development one). I could not really understand why the default location for the MediaWiki files is ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

Submit merged Debian package for inclusion in Ubuntu

I'm currently working to update the version of autogen shipped with Ubuntu from 1:5.12-0.1ubuntu2 in the repositories to 1:5.17.1-1 in Debian. The merge has been completed on my computer and the ...
6
votes
0answers
75 views

Is there a way to download updates differentially rather than via .deb files? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When will Ubuntu include delta updates? In the old days, you downloaded or installed packages from a CD, and then a year later you got the new version of your ...
5
votes
3answers
184 views

How long till a package shows up in the repository?

A package was recently added to Ubuntu. (It was synced from Debian.) I searched for it on http://packages.ubuntu.com, but it isn't showing up. How long does it take?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Error when modifying rules file in debian packaging

Trying to get my debian packaging to work as I want, I modified the debian/rules file (showing line numbers) 12 %: 13 dh $@ 14 15 override_dh_install: 16 dh_install 17 install -m 644 "My ...
5
votes
2answers
273 views

How do I copy a package from Debian to my PPA?

I'd like to add the latest gourmet package from Debian sid to our team's PPA so Ubuntu users who would like to run an up-to-date version of Gourmet can add that PPA to their software sources. ...
5
votes
1answer
795 views

Reserved UIDs/GIDs and semi-reserverd UIDs/GIDs

When installing a new system, depending on selected packages, some uids for some packages aren't always the same. eg: 'sshd' may be UID 102, sometimes another value. On the other hand, 'www-data' is ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

Add custom steps to source package's debian/package.postinst?

I have a package that incorporates an auto-generated debian/package.postinst.debhelper file into the generated binary. When I put my own code into a file at debian/package.postinst, the auto-generated ...
5
votes
1answer
378 views

Tools to diff deb-src packages between ubuntu and debian repos

I can already create duplicate repos with the same versions of debs and deb-src packages. The problem is that I want to find the Ubuntu changes from Debian mainline (not from original source). ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Trouble making a Live USB with Debian 'Sqeeze'

So first off, I'm using Debian sqeeze and I'm trying to make an Ubuntu 12. 04 Precise Pangolin Live USB. This is kind of a problem at the moment because debian does not have the "startup disk creator" ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

create final deb file from multiple deb files

I have a packages deb file with all dependencies deb file. Is it possible to create a final deb file(one file) using all. Say example firefox.deb has 10 dependency .deb file. So there is a order to ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

How do the security features in Ubuntu differ from Debian? [closed]

I am on the Debian Security Mailing list, and recently there has been a lot of traffic going back and forth about the security (particularly package updates) of Ubuntu vs Debian stable. A guy on the ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the equivalent of locales-all from Debian?

On Debian, I can have a package depend on locales-all to ensure that all locales are installed/available. There is no such package in Ubuntu. It used to have belocs-locales-* which appeared to do the ...
5
votes
1answer
993 views

How to install the Ubuntu SDK on Debian?

Is it possible to get the Ubuntu SDK on Debian? These PPA things look like links.. and definitely don't work on a Debian system. Any thoughts on that? Or is this a crappy idea? I just want to play ...
4
votes
3answers
16k views

Is Kali Linux based on Ubuntu? [closed]

I remember reading in another thread (Is Backtrack is derivative of Ubuntu?) that Kali Linux is based on Debian. Can someone clarify?
4
votes
1answer
14k views

Why do I get 'error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64' when I run Mercury? [closed]

Using native OpenGL /home/software/Mercury_3.3/c_linux/bin/mercury.x: error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I make Ubuntu look like Debian 6.0 “Squeeze”?

I really like the simple look of Debian's interface. What desktop environment is it? Is it easy to replicate?
4
votes
2answers
263 views

Information explaining the relationship between Debian and Ubuntu

Please post articles or blog posts that detail the relationship between Debian and Ubuntu (negative/positive) that you find insightful/useful/excellent... and please don't limit this to just the OS, ...