Questions about the bootup process in Ubuntu. Use this tag if you have trouble booting Ubuntu or you have questions about the bootup process.

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309
votes
14answers
257k views

How do I free up more space in /boot?

My /boot partition is nearly full and I get a warning every time I reboot my system. I already deleted old kernel packages (linux-headers...), actually I did that to install a newer kernel version ...
276
votes
31answers
662k views

My computer boots to a black screen, what options do I have to fix it?

I am trying to boot Ubuntu on my computer. When I boot Ubuntu, it boots to a black screen. How can I fix this? Table of Contents: If you are trying to install Ubuntu If you have a dual boot ...
214
votes
5answers
874k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
127
votes
14answers
180k views

How do I disable X at boot time so that the system boots in text mode?

Is it possible to disable X at boot time? I'm setting up a server so it would be nice if it wouldn't load the graphical interface every time I boot.
112
votes
3answers
315k views

How do I set the grub timeout and the grub default boot entry?

In Ubuntu 12.04 (or above), how do I set the GRUB time and the default OS (that I see at boot time) as I'm dual-booting Windows (7/8) and Ubuntu (12.04 or above)?
104
votes
4answers
241k views

How to get to the GRUB menu at boot-time?

This issue came up recently for me (and I've been prompted to lodge it as a specific question about it): My system is not dual-boot, I run a standard Ubuntu desktop system "on the metal" (I think ...
87
votes
2answers
79k views

How do I re-run boot loader?

Running sudo apt-get -f install said that The link /vmlinuz.old is a damaged link and: you may need to re-run your boot loader[grub] Here's the full output: user@chrubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get -f ...
80
votes
2answers
74k views

Diskfilter writes are not supported > What triggers this error?

This message occurs when leaving the Grub menu and before the Ubuntu splash screen. How do I fix the problem to clear the message? And what doe is it mean? error: Diskfilter writes are not ...
77
votes
3answers
57k views

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS live USB boot error (gfxboot.c32:not a valid COM32R image)

I downloaded Ubuntu 14.04 (64 bit) lts. I made a bootable usb stick. But I keep receiving this error message upon booting: SYSLINUX 4.04 EDD 20110518 Copyright (C) 1994-2011 H. Peter Anvin et al ...
56
votes
1answer
122k views

How do I install Ubuntu on a VirtualBox client from an ISO image?

I have the ISO image file (that is, *.iso) and I am trying to boot my VirtualBox installation with this image. Is it possible? I know how to mount my ISO image to my filesystem (on my host machine), ...
54
votes
9answers
117k views

How to create a bootable USB with multiple ISO images in it

What I want is to create a bootable pen drive that shows GRUB menu and I can select any of the several bootable systems from there to install/run. I have several ISO images that I want to install in ...
53
votes
5answers
63k views

How do I avoid the “S to Skip” message on boot?

After upgrading my laptop from karmic to lucid, my fat32 partition won't mount automatically. I get the message: The disk drive for /osshare is not ready yet or not present Continue to wait; or Press ...
51
votes
13answers
98k views

SMBus/ BIOS error while booting Ubuntu in VirtualBox

I am trying to boot Ubuntu 13.04 in VirtualBox, but every time I boot, I get an error that says: SMBus base address uninitialized - upgrade BIOS or use force_addr=0xaddr This happens right after ...
51
votes
4answers
63k views

Enabling Nvidia driver messes up splash screen

When you boot from live CD, or doing the first boot after installing Ubuntu, splash screen looks awesome. But as soon as you enable nvidia-current driver, installed with apt-get, splash screen goes ...
51
votes
1answer
89k views

How do I disable the boot splash screen, and only show kernel and boot text instead?

I'd like to be able to disable the Ubuntu splash screen that I see on boot with the indicator meter of progress, and replace that with a text-only readout of the boot up process (such as you can get ...
49
votes
4answers
42k views

How can I tell if my system was booted as EFI/UEFI or BIOS?

How do I determine whether a particular running Ubuntu system was booted using EFI/UEFI, or BIOS?
48
votes
4answers
186k views

How do I boot into single-user mode from GRUB?

After changing a few lines in xorg.conf, I can no longer boot Ubuntu (I assume it breaks when trying to load up X), so I need a way to boot into a single-user mode. However, there seems to be zero ...
47
votes
7answers
119k views

How do I get my Mac to boot from an Ubuntu USB key?

If you select "USB" and "Mac" on this download page, it gives a series of command line instructions to make a USB key which the MacBook will boot into Ubuntu from. I've followed them to the letter ...
46
votes
3answers
161k views

How to create UEFI-only bootable USB live media?

Having live media that can boot both ways can be a problem when installing Ubuntu onto currently available Windows 8 computers. In other words the key advantage to creating UEFI-only bootable USB ...
45
votes
7answers
31k views

“Boot Error” on live-usb flash drive with 15.10

I'm trying to install Ubuntu 15.10 32bits on a Samsung NP-N150-JP05FR, with a live usb created with usb-creator-gtk (from ubuntu 15.10, as superuser) on a FAT32 usb flash drive and get this error : ...
43
votes
1answer
80k views

How do I boot into a root shell?

When booting to the graphical desktop fails we sometimes are recommended to boot into a "root shell" or to boot in "recovery mode". How do I do that?
42
votes
5answers
91k views

How can I show or hide boot messages when Ubuntu starts?

Is there a way to easily turn on/off showing the boot messages (loading the services) when Ubuntu starts? Is it something in Grub2? I am running Lucid.
41
votes
3answers
42k views

Why disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 when having dual booting?

Why is everybody keep mentioning to disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 if you have installed alongside Ubuntu? Is it something that is recommended only for UEFI machines or is it a suggestion for Legacy ...
39
votes
11answers
50k views

How do I improve boot speed?

I have seen many videos that make Ubuntu faster, but only makes the desktop faster. I am looking to make my computer boot faster. Is their anything i can do to make Ubuntu boot significantly faster?
38
votes
3answers
366k views

How to start GUI from command line?

I've installed the following version of ubuntu om my machine. ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso But when I switch on the computer, I get command line. Ubuntu 12.04 LTS COMP-1245 tty1 Once I ...
38
votes
3answers
137k views

Boot failure : No DEFAULT or UI configuration directive found!

I've tried to install Ubuntu on a VMWare Virtual Machine, but it never gets past the bootloader : ISOLINUX 4.01 debian-20100714 ETCD Copyright (C) 1994-2010 H. Peter Anvin et al No DEFAULT or UI ...
37
votes
4answers
52k views

“Not a COM32R image” error when trying to install from a USB key

Not a COM32R image boot is a message that the console infinitely keeps spitting out when I try to install Ubuntu 10.04 from a USB. I created the USB using the StartupDiskCreator in 11.04. What is ...
36
votes
1answer
19k views

Missing parameter in configuration file. Keyword: path

Im trying to boot ubuntu 14.10-server-i386 in a pendrive. But im getting this error when boot from pendrive. Missing parameter in configuration file. Keyword: path What does it mean? How to ...
36
votes
3answers
146k views

How can I dual-boot Windows 10 and Ubuntu on a UEFI HP notebook?

I've got an HP Pavilion Touchsmart notebook that came with Windows 8. I've upgraded to 8.1, and now I want to dual-boot an Ubuntu distribution with Windows 10. When dual-booting with Windows 8.1, the ...
36
votes
3answers
165k views

Boot drops to a (initramfs) prompts/busybox

I am running an HP pavilion dv6000 dual boot win7 and Ubuntu 12.04. (well, up until today). After a reboot, the boot process drops to the BusyBox shell and I end up at the prompt: BusyBox v1.18.5 ...
34
votes
4answers
168k views

Grub rescue - error: unknown filesystem

I have a multiboot system set up. The system has three drives. Multiboot is configured with Windows XP, Windows 7, and Ubuntu - all on the first drive. I had a lot of unpartitioned space left on the ...
33
votes
6answers
156k views

I can't get grub menu to show up during boot

After trying (and failing) to install better ATI drivers in 11.10, I've somehow lost my grub menu at boot time. The screen does change to the familiar purple colour, but instead of a list of boot ...
33
votes
6answers
68k views

“Waiting for network configuration” adding 3 to 5 minutes to boot time

I get the following pieces of information at the startup, takes about 3 to 5 minutes, while normally about 1 minute: Waiting network configuration Booting system without full network configuration ...
32
votes
11answers
46k views

Why isn't my upstart service starting on system boot?

Following on from this question, I have written a simple upstart service (/etc/init/pms.conf) for my headless Ubuntu Server 11.04 box as follows: start on filesystem and net-device-up IFACE=eth0 stop ...
31
votes
5answers
76k views

How do I run update-grub from a LiveCD?

Okay, so I did something stupid. I was trying to clean up my Grub entries, and accidentally removed all of my Linux kernels from Grub (they're still on the hard drive). So now, obviously, Grub ...
31
votes
5answers
91k views

Windows 10 upgrade lead into grub rescue

I was dual-booting Windows 7 and Linux Ubuntu on my desktop, and today is the day they gave out free Windows 10 upgrades. How exciting! I got the update, and it was installing, and I left to go take ...
31
votes
2answers
48k views

What to do about “the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present”?

While booting Ubuntu 12.04, the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present is showing. What is this? Is this is an error?
30
votes
8answers
27k views

Can't boot without Flash Drive plugged in

I had Ubuntu 12.04 Beta installed on my computer. When 12.04 was finally released, I made a bootable USB Flash Drive using Startup Disk Creator. Then I decided to check if this drive works properly ...
30
votes
4answers
14k views

Why does Ubuntu ask to check my hard drives every so often?

Recently, I've been compelled to restart my computer a lot. When I boot, Ubuntu now starts scanning my hard drives for errors, but assures me that I can cancel if I want by pressing 'c'. Why does ...
30
votes
2answers
24k views

How can I make sure one Upstart job starts before other Upstart jobs?

This is a general Upstart question, but let me use a specific case: Centrify is a NIS to ActiveDirectory gateway. It needs to load before any service that will depend the authentication service that ...
28
votes
4answers
87k views

My main username is not in the sudoers file

I was trying to install some software/edit files with my main username(not root) But I got this error [X] is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported. I tried to edit the /etc/sudoers ...
28
votes
2answers
77k views

“intel_rapl: no valid rapl domains” message upon boot

I install fresh Ubuntu 14. 04 server under ESXI 5.1.0. During my installation I did not get any erorrs or strange things. My problem is when I boot machine at console screen I get messages like [ ...
27
votes
5answers
78k views

How to run a script during boot as root

I had a script that automatically enables my wifi without using networkmanager, but I don't know how to run the script as root while the system is booting. How do I make the script run automatically ...
27
votes
2answers
22k views

How can I force Ubuntu to boot on a stuck boot menu?

I have Ubuntu Server 11.04, but it is headless (no monitor). The only way I want to be able to access it is remotely via SSH. But, sometimes, say after a power loss, when the server restarts, it will ...
27
votes
12answers
80k views

Windows 10 upgrade kills grub and boot-repair doesn't help

I've just upgraded to Windows 10 from Windows 8.1 on my partitioned laptop that has Ubuntu 14.04 installed. Grub no longer appeared on boot so I ran boot-repair from an Ubuntu liveUSB. This didn't ...
27
votes
4answers
74k views

Is it possible to boot Ubuntu using the Windows bootloader?

As noted by many people, Windows 8's UEFI requirements might will won't get in the way of installing Linux (or whatever), as the replacement bootloader will also need to be signed somehow. Some ...
26
votes
9answers
88k views

How to start Virtual box machines automatically when booting?

I have many Virtual box machines in my Ubuntu12.04, each time i shutdown or reboot i have to start them one by one. I wanna a help in writing script for automatically autostart the VBox machines ...
26
votes
2answers
43k views

How do I boot into true text mode?

I've found ways to disable gdm or lightdm or whatever 11.10 uses, but I can't find a way to get a true text-mode boot. I want to see all the kernel messages fly by as it boots, not a stupid purple ...
25
votes
1answer
34k views

What is vt.handoff=7 parameter in grub.cfg?

I wonder what vt.handoff=7 parameter does. I can not find any good man entries for that... BTW, if you have a nice description about: search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root I would be very happy ...
25
votes
0answers
4k views

How to remove the unwanted entries from the boot menu? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a way to remove/hide old kernel versions? When my system boots up, a big list of some 6 options are shown other than the Windows OS option. They are like : ...