Questions about the bootup process in Ubuntu. Use this tag if you have trouble booting Ubuntu or you have questions about the bootup process.

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276
votes
14answers
225k views

How do I free up more space in /boot?

My /boot partition is nearly full and I get a warning every time I reboot my system. I already deleted old kernel packages (linux-headers...), actually I did that to install a newer kernel version ...
261
votes
30answers
599k views

My computer boots to a black screen, what options do I have to fix it?

I am trying to boot Ubuntu on my computer. When I boot Ubuntu, it boots to a black screen. How can I fix this? Table of Contents: If you are trying to install Ubuntu If you have a dual boot ...
200
votes
5answers
809k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
115
votes
14answers
160k views

How do I disable X at boot time so that the system boots in text mode?

Is it possible to disable X at boot time? I'm setting up a server so it would be nice if it wouldn't load the graphical interface every time I boot.
102
votes
3answers
286k views

How do I set the grub timeout and the grub default boot entry?

In Ubuntu 12.04 (or above), how do I set the GRUB time and the default OS (that I see at boot time) as I'm dual-booting Windows (7/8) and Ubuntu (12.04 or above)?
86
votes
4answers
204k views

How to get to the GRUB menu at boot-time?

This issue came up recently for me (and I've been prompted to lodge it as a specific question about it): My system is not dual-boot, I run a standard Ubuntu desktop system "on the metal" (I think ...
78
votes
2answers
71k views

Diskfilter writes are not supported > What triggers this error?

This message occurs when leaving the Grub menu and before the Ubuntu splash screen. How do I fix the problem to clear the message? And what doe is it mean? error: Diskfilter writes are not ...
74
votes
2answers
62k views

How do I re-run boot loader?

Running sudo apt-get -f install said that The link /vmlinuz.old is a damaged link and: you may need to re-run your boot loader[grub] Here's the full output: user@chrubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get -f ...
53
votes
2answers
42k views

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS live USB boot error (gfxboot.c32:not a valid COM32R image)

I downloaded Ubuntu 14.04 (64 bit) lts. I made a bootable usb stick. But I keep receiving this error message upon booting: SYSLINUX 4.04 EDD 20110518 Copyright (C) 1994-2011 H. Peter Anvin et al ...
53
votes
9answers
108k views

How to create a bootable USB with multiple ISO images in it

What I want is to create a bootable pen drive that shows GRUB menu and I can select any of the several bootable systems from there to install/run. I have several ISO images that I want to install in ...
51
votes
5answers
57k views

How do I avoid the “S to Skip” message on boot?

After upgrading my laptop from karmic to lucid, my fat32 partition won't mount automatically. I get the message: The disk drive for /osshare is not ready yet or not present Continue to wait; or Press ...
51
votes
4answers
61k views

Enabling Nvidia driver messes up splash screen

When you boot from live CD, or doing the first boot after installing Ubuntu, splash screen looks awesome. But as soon as you enable nvidia-current driver, installed with apt-get, splash screen goes ...
48
votes
1answer
80k views

How do I disable the boot splash screen, and only show kernel and boot text instead?

I'd like to be able to disable the Ubuntu splash screen that I see on boot with the indicator meter of progress, and replace that with a text-only readout of the boot up process (such as you can get ...
44
votes
3answers
36k views

How can I tell if my system was booted as EFI/UEFI or BIOS?

How do I determine whether a particular running Ubuntu system was booted using EFI/UEFI, or BIOS?
44
votes
7answers
109k views

How do I get my Mac to boot from an Ubuntu USB key?

If you select "USB" and "Mac" on this download page, it gives a series of command line instructions to make a USB key which the MacBook will boot into Ubuntu from. I've followed them to the letter ...
42
votes
1answer
105k views

How do I install Ubuntu on a VirtualBox client from an ISO image?

I have the ISO image file (that is, *.iso) and I am trying to boot my VirtualBox installation with this image. Is it possible? I know how to mount my ISO image to my filesystem (on my host machine), ...
41
votes
3answers
167k views

How do I boot into single-user mode from GRUB?

After changing a few lines in xorg.conf, I can no longer boot Ubuntu (I assume it breaks when trying to load up X), so I need a way to boot into a single-user mode. However, there seems to be zero ...
40
votes
5answers
83k views

How can I show or hide boot messages when Ubuntu starts?

Is there a way to easily turn on/off showing the boot messages (loading the services) when Ubuntu starts? Is it something in Grub2? I am running Lucid.
40
votes
1answer
70k views

How do I boot into a root shell?

When booting to the graphical desktop fails we sometimes are recommended to boot into a "root shell" or to boot in "recovery mode". How do I do that?
40
votes
3answers
132k views

How to create UEFI-only bootable USB live media?

Having live media that can boot both ways can be a problem when installing Ubuntu onto currently available Windows 8 computers. In other words the key advantage to creating UEFI-only bootable USB ...
39
votes
11answers
45k views

How do I improve boot speed?

I have seen many videos that make Ubuntu faster, but only makes the desktop faster. I am looking to make my computer boot faster. Is their anything i can do to make Ubuntu boot significantly faster?
39
votes
2answers
37k views

Why disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 when having dual booting?

Why is everybody keep mentioning to disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 if you have installed alongside Ubuntu? Is it something that is recommended only for UEFI machines or is it a suggestion for Legacy ...
36
votes
3answers
128k views

Boot failure : No DEFAULT or UI configuration directive found!

I've tried to install Ubuntu on a VMWare Virtual Machine, but it never gets past the bootloader : ISOLINUX 4.01 debian-20100714 ETCD Copyright (C) 1994-2010 H. Peter Anvin et al No DEFAULT or UI ...
35
votes
3answers
327k views

How to start GUI from command line?

I've installed the following version of ubuntu om my machine. ubuntu-12.04-desktop-i386.iso But when I switch on the computer, I get command line. Ubuntu 12.04 LTS COMP-1245 tty1 Once I ...
32
votes
5answers
148k views

I can't get grub menu to show up during boot

After trying (and failing) to install better ATI drivers in 11.10, I've somehow lost my grub menu at boot time. The screen does change to the familiar purple colour, but instead of a list of boot ...
32
votes
6answers
63k views

“Waiting for network configuration” adding 3 to 5 minutes to boot time

I get the following pieces of information at the startup, takes about 3 to 5 minutes, while normally about 1 minute: Waiting network configuration Booting system without full network configuration ...
32
votes
10answers
79k views

SMBus/ BIOS error while booting Ubuntu in VirtualBox

I am trying to boot Ubuntu 13.04 in VirtualBox, but every time I boot, I get an error that says: SMBus base address uninitialized - upgrade BIOS or use force_addr=0xaddr This happens right after ...
32
votes
4answers
153k views

Grub rescue - error: unknown filesystem

I have a multiboot system set up. The system has three drives. Multiboot is configured with Windows XP, Windows 7, and Ubuntu - all on the first drive. I had a lot of unpartitioned space left on the ...
30
votes
4answers
13k views

Why does Ubuntu ask to check my hard drives every so often?

Recently, I've been compelled to restart my computer a lot. When I boot, Ubuntu now starts scanning my hard drives for errors, but assures me that I can cancel if I want by pressing 'c'. Why does ...
30
votes
11answers
41k views

Why isn't my upstart service starting on system boot?

Following on from this question, I have written a simple upstart service (/etc/init/pms.conf) for my headless Ubuntu Server 11.04 box as follows: start on filesystem and net-device-up IFACE=eth0 stop ...
29
votes
8answers
24k views

Can't boot without Flash Drive plugged in

I had Ubuntu 12.04 Beta installed on my computer. When 12.04 was finally released, I made a bootable USB Flash Drive using Startup Disk Creator. Then I decided to check if this drive works properly ...
29
votes
2answers
22k views

How can I make sure one Upstart job starts before other Upstart jobs?

This is a general Upstart question, but let me use a specific case: Centrify is a NIS to ActiveDirectory gateway. It needs to load before any service that will depend the authentication service that ...
29
votes
2answers
44k views

What to do about “the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present”?

While booting Ubuntu 12.04, the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present is showing. What is this? Is this is an error?
29
votes
3answers
137k views

Boot drops to a (initramfs) prompts/busybox

I am running an HP pavilion dv6000 dual boot win7 and Ubuntu 12.04. (well, up until today). After a reboot, the boot process drops to the BusyBox shell and I end up at the prompt: BusyBox v1.18.5 ...
28
votes
6answers
356k views

Fixing GRUB error: “error: unknown filesystem” [duplicate]

When booting into Ubuntu, I'm getting the following error with a grub rescue shell following it: Error: unknown filesystem. grub rescue> I'm not exactly sure what I did. I believe I installed ...
27
votes
5answers
69k views

How do I run update-grub from a LiveCD?

Okay, so I did something stupid. I was trying to clean up my Grub entries, and accidentally removed all of my Linux kernels from Grub (they're still on the hard drive). So now, obviously, Grub ...
27
votes
2answers
21k views

How can I force Ubuntu to boot on a stuck boot menu?

I have Ubuntu Server 11.04, but it is headless (no monitor). The only way I want to be able to access it is remotely via SSH. But, sometimes, say after a power loss, when the server restarts, it will ...
27
votes
4answers
64k views

Is it possible to boot Ubuntu using the Windows bootloader?

As noted by many people, Windows 8's UEFI requirements might will won't get in the way of installing Linux (or whatever), as the replacement bootloader will also need to be signed somehow. Some ...
26
votes
1answer
14k views

Missing parameter in configuration file. Keyword: path

Im trying to boot ubuntu 14.10-server-i386 in a pendrive. But im getting this error when boot from pendrive. Missing parameter in configuration file. Keyword: path What does it mean? How to ...
26
votes
4answers
78k views

My main username is not in the sudoers file

I was trying to install some software/edit files with my main username(not root) But I got this error [X] is not in the sudoers file. This incident will be reported. I tried to edit the /etc/sudoers ...
26
votes
5answers
58k views

Windows 10 upgrade lead into grub rescue

I was dual-booting Windows 7 and Linux Ubuntu on my desktop, and today is the day they gave out free Windows 10 upgrades. How exciting! I got the update, and it was installing, and I left to go take ...
26
votes
2answers
40k views

How do I boot into true text mode?

I've found ways to disable gdm or lightdm or whatever 11.10 uses, but I can't find a way to get a true text-mode boot. I want to see all the kernel messages fly by as it boots, not a stupid purple ...
25
votes
12answers
49k views

Windows 10 upgrade kills grub and boot-repair doesn't help

I've just upgraded to Windows 10 from Windows 8.1 on my partitioned laptop that has Ubuntu 14.04 installed. Grub no longer appeared on boot so I ran boot-repair from an Ubuntu liveUSB. This didn't ...
25
votes
0answers
4k views

How to remove the unwanted entries from the boot menu? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a way to remove/hide old kernel versions? When my system boots up, a big list of some 6 options are shown other than the Windows OS option. They are like : ...
23
votes
6answers
36k views

Where is the bootloader stored - in ROM, RAM, or elsewhere?

According to the wikipedia entry, a bootloader is a small program stored in ROM(a part of the main memory(RAM), isn't it??) which can only be read and not erased. I am a little puzzled here. Does this ...
23
votes
6answers
65k views

Kernel Panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0)

Upon trying to upgrade from 10.10 to 11.04 all seemed to go well until the restart. This error message is what comes up: Kernel Panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0) ...
23
votes
2answers
20k views

Message “Sparse file not allowed” after installing on a btrfs filesystem

I've installed Ubuntu without creating a swap partition and with / on a btrfs.# Now I get the message "Sparse file is not allowed" on each boot. This message appears before the splash-screen. Is there ...
23
votes
6answers
10k views

“Boot Error” on live-usb flash drive with 15.10

I'm trying to install Ubuntu 15.10 32bits on a Samsung NP-N150-JP05FR, with a live usb created with usb-creator-gtk (from ubuntu 15.10, as superuser) on a FAT32 usb flash drive and get this error : ...
23
votes
2answers
56k views

“intel_rapl: no valid rapl domains” message upon boot

I install fresh Ubuntu 14. 04 server under ESXI 5.1.0. During my installation I did not get any erorrs or strange things. My problem is when I boot machine at console screen I get messages like [ ...
22
votes
8answers
4k views

Where can I look for malware that may have been installed on my machine?

I want to analyze my ubuntu box to detect if it was been hacked. My question is: what are all the place where to look to discover if some malicious software are started ? The following is some kind of ...