Questions about the bootup process in Ubuntu. Use this tag if you have trouble booting Ubuntu or you have questions about the bootup process.

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202
votes
29answers
419k views

My computer boots to a black screen, what options do I have to fix it?

I am trying to boot Ubuntu on my computer. When I boot Ubuntu, it boots to a black screen. How can I fix this? Table of Contents: If you are trying to install Ubuntu If you have a dual boot ...
146
votes
14answers
112k views

How do I free up more space in /boot?

My /boot partition is nearly full and I get a warning every time I reboot my system. I already deleted old kernel packages (linux-headers...), actually I did that to install a newer kernel version ...
144
votes
5answers
574k views

How do I change the GRUB boot order?

I have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu installed on a shared machine. Because a lot of the non-developers use Windows, I'd like to change the boot order to make it easier for them. Currently the boot order ...
20
votes
4answers
107k views

Grub rescue - error: unknown filesystem

I have a multiboot system set up. The system has three drives. Multiboot is configured with Windows XP, Windows 7, and Ubuntu - all on the first drive. I had a lot of unpartitioned space left on the ...
22
votes
8answers
17k views

Can't boot without Flash Drive plugged in

I had Ubuntu 12.04 Beta installed on my computer. When 12.04 was finally released, I made a bootable USB Flash Drive using Startup Disk Creator. Then I decided to check if this drive works properly ...
6
votes
11answers
40k views

Not booting from USB or CD (SYSLINUX Message)

I am trying to install linux on my laptop, a Toshiba Satellite C6550-S5200. I did it once but something happened so I removed it then I had to destroy all data on hard drive so now I have nothing on ...
21
votes
6answers
259k views

Fixing GRUB error: “error: unknown filesystem” [duplicate]

When booting into Ubuntu, I'm getting the following error with a grub rescue shell following it: Error: unknown filesystem. grub rescue> I'm not exactly sure what I did. I believe I installed ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

I can't boot into a usable system after updates. What should I do?

Due to updates, my machine can no longer boot properly. I am no Ubuntu guru. I do not have a week to spare diagnosing the issue. I just want to retrieve important data from this machine's hard drive ...
32
votes
1answer
40k views

How do I boot into a root shell?

When booting to the graphical desktop fails we sometimes are recommended to boot into a "root shell" or to boot in "recovery mode". How do I do that?
65
votes
12answers
99k views

How do I disable X at boot time so that the system boots in text mode?

Is it possible to disable X at boot time? I'm setting up a server so it would be nice if it wouldn't load the graphical interface every time I boot.
39
votes
6answers
74k views

How do I get my Mac to boot from an Ubuntu USB key?

If you select "USB" and "Mac" on this download page, it gives a series of command line instructions to make a USB key which the MacBook will boot into Ubuntu from. I've followed them to the letter ...
46
votes
5answers
51k views

Enabling Nvidia driver messes up splash screen

When you boot from live CD, or doing the first boot after installing Ubuntu, splash screen looks awesome. But as soon as you enable nvidia-current driver, installed with apt-get, splash screen goes ...
17
votes
6answers
45k views

Kernel Panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0)

Upon trying to upgrade from 10.10 to 11.04 all seemed to go well until the restart. This error message is what comes up: Kernel Panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0) ...
33
votes
14answers
32k views

How do I improve boot speed?

I have seen many videos that make Ubuntu faster, but only makes the desktop faster. I am looking to make my computer boot faster. Is their anything i can do to make Ubuntu boot significantly faster?
10
votes
3answers
49k views

error: file '/grub/i386-pc/normal.mod' not found

error: file '/grub/i386-pc/normal.mod' not found. grub rescue> What can I do? I just sit and stare at it. I found my old netbook (Dell Inspiron 1010) which I have not used for about four years. ...
21
votes
4answers
29k views

Is it possible to boot Ubuntu using the Windows bootloader?

As noted by many people, Windows 8's UEFI requirements might will won't get in the way of installing Linux (or whatever), as the replacement bootloader will also need to be signed somehow. Some ...
10
votes
2answers
42k views

Dual boot windows 8 and Ubuntu with Windows 8 Boot manager

I have two partitions on my hard-didk , I have installed ubuntu on my 1st partition and windows 8 later on another partition.Now i can only boot into windows 8 because it doesn't recognize Ubuntu. ...
9
votes
1answer
29k views

How do I remove “Ubuntu” in the bios boot menu? (UEFI)

See this ubuntu appears in BIOS menu I have this on my Lenovo s205 too. Is there some way to remove "ubuntu" from the menu? I don't even have it installed anymore.
63
votes
3answers
181k views

How do I set the grub timeout and the grub default boot entry?

In Ubuntu 12.04, how do I set the GRUB time and the default OS (that I see at boot time) as I'm dual-booting Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04?
33
votes
4answers
37k views

How do I avoid the “S to Skip” message on boot?

After upgrading my laptop from karmic to lucid, my fat32 partition won't mount automatically. I get the message: The disk drive for /osshare is not ready yet or not present Continue to wait; or Press ...
26
votes
3answers
105k views

How do I boot into single-user mode from GRUB?

After changing a few lines in xorg.conf, I can no longer boot Ubuntu (I assume it breaks when trying to load up X), so I need a way to boot into a single-user mode. However, there seems to be zero ...
19
votes
5answers
5k views

How do I investigate boot and partition issues?

My machine won't boot, or won't choose the right operating system when I choose it in the grub menu, what information do I need to provide in my questions so people can help me?
32
votes
3answers
97k views

Boot failure : No DEFAULT or UI configuration directive found!

I've tried to install Ubuntu on a VMWare Virtual Machine, but it never gets past the bootloader : ISOLINUX 4.01 debian-20100714 ETCD Copyright (C) 1994-2010 H. Peter Anvin et al No DEFAULT or UI ...
9
votes
2answers
55k views

How to install the Boot-Repair tool in an Ubuntu live disc?

When the bootloader (GRUB) is broken, I cannot access neither Ubuntu nor Windows. I heard that an easy solution to fix this is to use the Boot-Repair tool from an Ubuntu liveCD (or liveUSB). What ...
10
votes
2answers
15k views

I get a “serious errors while checking the disk drives for /boot” error while booting

I have just set up my new system by creating three partitions on a whole hard disk (/boot, /home, swap and /). I saw this article and now I am getting those errors and the system provide me with some ...
20
votes
2answers
26k views

What to do about “the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present”?

While booting Ubuntu 12.04, the disk drive for /dev/mapper/cryptswap1 is not ready yet or not present is showing. What is this? Is this is an error?
14
votes
8answers
27k views

How to fix very slow Ubuntu booting?

When I boot up my my newly installed copy of Ubuntu on my custom rig w/4GB DDR3 RAM and a 3 Ghz Intel Core i7, it takes about a minute and a half at the purple loading screen, and then after logging ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

Windows 7 doesn't boot after Ubuntu install

I had windows 7 installed on my pc, then I installed Ubuntu 10.10/ During the installation process I have chosen to manually set my partitions: I set a 10GB drive for ubuntu root 1GB drive for swap ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Ubuntu not showing up on boot menu after Wubi installation

I have installed Ubuntu to my hard drive using Wubi. The installation seemed to be successful; however, after rebooting my PC I am not brought to a boot menu, and Windows just starts normally. When I ...
37
votes
8answers
66k views

How to create a bootable USB with multiple ISO images in it

What I want is to create a bootable pen drive that shows GRUB menu and I can select any of the several bootable systems from there to install/run. I have several ISO images that I want to install in ...
55
votes
3answers
99k views

How to get to the GRUB menu at boot-time?

This issue came up recently for me (and I've been prompted to lodge it as a specific question about it): My system is not dual-boot, I run a standard Ubuntu desktop system "on the metal" (I think ...
27
votes
5answers
117k views

I can't get grub menu to show up during boot

After trying (and failing) to install better ATI drivers in 11.10, I've somehow lost my grub menu at boot time. The screen does change to the familiar purple colour, but instead of a list of boot ...
11
votes
2answers
36k views

How to create UEFI-only bootable USB live media?

Having live media that can boot both ways can be a problem when installing Ubuntu onto currently available Windows 8 computers. In other words the key advantage to creating UEFI-only bootable USB ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

Unable to boot into Windows after installing Ubuntu, how to fix?

I First Installed Windows 8 And Then I Installed Ubuntu 12.10. Now I`m Unable To Boot Windows 8. How To Fix This Grub?
12
votes
1answer
22k views

Ubuntu not booting: “Could not write bytes: broken pipes”

The problem When I boot Ubuntu 11.10, the boot process hangs, before even getting to the login screen of the display manager, with the message Could not write bytes: broken pipes at the top of the ...
6
votes
3answers
19k views

frequency out of range - please change display mode

I just downloaded the latest version of the Ubuntu live CD, and have installed it on a desktop computer (a Fujitsu Scaleo P). Once installed it seems to work perfectly, although there are some updates ...
17
votes
4answers
37k views

How to understand Ubuntu UEFI Secure Boot install?

Now that Secure Boot is supported, what special instructions does one have to follow to install Ubuntu on a UEFI Secure Boot enabled PC shipped with Windows 8? As I understand, Ubuntu >= 12.04.2 ...
13
votes
2answers
76k views

Boot drops to a (initramfs) prompts/busybox

I am running an HP pavilion dv6000 dual boot win7 and Ubuntu 12.04. (well, up until today). After a reboot, the boot process drops to the BusyBox shell and I end up at the prompt: BusyBox v1.18.5 ...
14
votes
3answers
22k views

How to run a script during boot as root

I had a script that automatically enables my wifi without using networkmanager, but I don't know how to run the script as root while the system is booting. How do I make the script run automatically ...
16
votes
8answers
33k views

Hide GRUB2 menu UNLESS you hold down Shift key: how to make this happen?

I have a Ubuntu - Windows 7 dual-boot set-up, and I would like to have it that my laptop would boot up Windows 7 unless I press down the Shift key right after boot and bring up the Grub2 menu from ...
12
votes
8answers
103k views

How to boot Ubuntu from EFI/UEFI?

I installed Ubuntu 11.10 on a newly bought Lenovo ThinkCentre Edge 71 (model: 1577-G3G) with EFI boot enabled. I opted for the Use Entire Disk option. Even though the installation process went without ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Accidently installed grub to usb

While doing a fresh ubuntu install (dual boot with XP using resize), I somehow managed to install grub to the source usb instead of to the harddrive. Normal harddrive boot goes straight to XP. Booting ...
26
votes
2answers
15k views

Why disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 when having dual booting?

Why is everybody keep mentioning to disable Fast Boot on Windows 8 if you have installed alongside Ubuntu? Is it something that is recommended only for UEFI machines or is it a suggestion for Legacy ...
4
votes
2answers
541 views

I need my pendrive to boot into Ubuntu, how to correct this and boot from the HDD?

I installed Ubuntu through USB. Instillation was successful. But when I restarted my laptop it didn't boot. So planed install it again when started selected install from USB. it booted my previous ...
5
votes
3answers
19k views

Ubuntu install and dual Boot with Windows 8 UEFI [duplicate]

i have Ubuntu 12.04 x64 ISO, i load it on a Fat32 USB. My notebook has a hdd with GPT where i installed Official Win 8 Pro x64 (final versión), I partitioned the whole hdd, previously of win 8 ...
4
votes
3answers
43k views

12.04 won't boot from Live CD or USB

My laptop (the only PC left in my home to install Ubuntu 12.04 now that it's out) is not booting from Live CD or USB. I get past the screen with the little person in the circle. but right after that, ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

How do I remove wubi?

I downloaded wubi a couple of months ago and realised it made my laptop bootup significantly slower. It has also made it slower in general. Recently I have been trying to uninstall wubi from my ...
0
votes
2answers
43k views

Install on Second Hard Drive with startup boot option?

In theory, what I want to do is very simple, but I've done some google research and read some posts on this site and I'm still confused. I want to keep win7 on my primary C:\ drive, and install ...
28
votes
6answers
47k views

“Waiting for network configuration” adding 3 to 5 minutes to boot time

I get the following pieces of information at the startup, takes about 3 to 5 minutes, while normally about 1 minute: Waiting network configuration Booting system without full network configuration ...
19
votes
3answers
34k views

Lightdm not starting on boot

I installed gdm for a while as my display manager, and after removing it, lightdm does not start by itself. I instead have to login to a tty, and run sudo start lightdm. Running dpkg-reconfigure ...