Advanced Packaging Tool, the package manager for Debian-based distributions. It is also the most used tool for installing packages in Ubuntu. Questions about using any of the apt tools should use this tag.

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354
votes
15answers
470k views

How do I resolve unmet dependencies after adding a PPA?

Occasionally, when I'm installing stuff, I get an error like the following: Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have requested an impossible situation or if you are using the ...
251
votes
8answers
212k views

How do I fix a “Problem with MergeList” or “status file could not be parsed” error when trying to do an update?

The computer gave me this output in a window: E: Encountered a section with no Package: header E: Problem with MergeList ...
145
votes
5answers
225k views

How can I fix a 404 Error when using a PPA or updating my package lists?

PPA seems to be constantly offline. Whenever I use sudo apt-get update, this error is shown: W: Failed to fetch http://ppa.launchpad.net/ 404 Not Found How do I fix these errors?
273
votes
13answers
784k views

Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?

I get this error when trying to use apt-get: E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable) E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is ...
37
votes
8answers
67k views

How do I remove a malformed line from my sources.list?

I have unistalled and reinstalled the Ubuntu Software Center as per info I found in a similar thread and I got the same response about line 91 or something like that. I just tried to upload a screen ...
137
votes
10answers
183k views

How do I fix the GPG error “NO_PUBKEY”?

I added some extra repositories with the Software Sources program. But when I reload the package database, I get an error like the following: GPG error [...] NO_PUBKEY [...] I know I can fix ...
209
votes
12answers
144k views

Trouble downloading packages list due to a “Hash sum mismatch” error

When I check for updates, I get a "Failed To Download Repository Information" error. This is what comes up under details: W: Failed to fetch ...
136
votes
25answers
223k views

How to fix Duplicate sources.list entry?

I keep getting this warning whenever I try to run sudo apt-get update. W: Duplicate sources.list entry http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main i386 Packages ...
109
votes
6answers
74k views

What is the easiest way to resolve apt-get BADSIG GPG errors?

I frequently cross this issue, and always have to google for an answer. Does anyone have a permanent fix for BADSIG errors from apt-get? W: GPG error: http://download.virtualbox.org lucid ...
580
votes
23answers
543k views

How can PPAs be removed?

I've added many PPAs using the add-apt-repository command. Is there a simple way to remove these PPAs? I've checked in /etc/apt/sources.list for the appropriate deb lines but they aren't there. This ...
145
votes
8answers
170k views

How can I get apt to use a mirror close to me, or choose a faster mirror?

Downloading from the main Ubuntu archive is slow even when it's not release day, how can I get apt-get to automatically use a mirror that is close to me?
22
votes
3answers
23k views

How do I fix this “E:Type '*' is not known on line * in source list …” update error?

Every once in a while I see users having issues to update due to errors like this: E:Type 'ain' is not known on line 1 in source list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/some-ppa.list' with varying types/line ...
13
votes
8answers
15k views

Failed to download repository information due to missing CDROM

When updating I got this error message: W:Failed to fetch cdrom://Ubuntu 11.10 _Oneiric Ocelot_ - Release amd64 (20111012)/dists/oneiric/main/binary-i386/Packages Please use apt-cdrom to make this ...
175
votes
5answers
158k views

How can I accept the Microsoft EULA agreement for ttf-mscorefonts-installer?

After a recent update, ttf-mscorefonts-installer prompted me to accept its license agreement. For some reason my terminal will not allow me to accept, or for some reason I am pressing the wrong ...
16
votes
6answers
83k views

Permission denied, are you root?

I get this error whenever I try to install programs using the terminal: home@ubuntu:~$ apt-get install myunity E: Could not open lock file /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (13: Permission denied) E: Unable ...
94
votes
5answers
229k views

Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages

After upgrading from 10.04 to 12.04 I am trying to install different packages. For instance ia32-libs and skype (4.0). When trying to install these, I am getting the 'Unable to correct problems, you ...
772
votes
18answers
1.2m views

How to list all installed packages?

I'd like to output a list of all installed packages into a text file, so that I can review it and bulk-install on another system. How to do this?
28
votes
5answers
252k views

“Unable to locate package” while trying to install packages by apt

When I try to install any package through the command line, I get an error. Can anyone help me on this? $ sudo apt-get install <package> Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree ...
73
votes
7answers
28k views

No more updates for Google Chrome | apt-get update error

I am using Google Chrome 48.0 32-bit. Today when I launched Google Chrome, I got this message: This computer will soon stop receiving Google Chrome updates because this Linux system will no longer ...
34
votes
9answers
122k views

'apt-get' does not work with Proxy

For the command sudo apt-get update I get following error: W: Failed to fetch http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/maverick-updates/multiverse/binary-i386/Packages.gz 407 Proxy ...
75
votes
7answers
81k views

My /boot partition hit 100% and now I can't upgrade. Can't remove old kernels to make room

My first issue was when i tried to apt-get update/upgrade. On upgrade I get the following error: You might want to run 'apt-get -f install' to correct these. The following packages have unmet ...
187
votes
4answers
180k views

What is “dist-upgrade” and why does it upgrade more than “upgrade”?

I was wondering why upgrade sometimes doesn't want to upgrade certain parts of the system, while dist-upgrade does. Here's an example after running update: apt-get upgrade: ...
38
votes
2answers
126k views

What does Package <package> has no installation candidate mean?

What does the above Error mean? What is an installation candidate? I was trying to do sudo apt-get install munin-memcached and I get this message: Reading package lists... Done Building ...
3
votes
0answers
2k views

How do I fix “malformed line” errors in sources.list? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I remove a malformed line from my sources.list? I had problems with my movie player. The sound was fine but the picture seemed to hesitate or stick or pause ...
48
votes
1answer
23k views

create a .deb Package from scripts or binaries

I searched for a simple way to create .deb Packages for things which have no source code to compile (configs, shellscripts, proprietary software). This was quite a problem because most of the package ...
12
votes
4answers
15k views

Can't install libglew-dev because libcheese and libclutter don't have the required versions

I'm getting the following error message when attempting to install libglew-dev, Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Some packages could not ...
93
votes
7answers
88k views

Not enough free disk space when upgrading

I'm getting an error in software updater when I try and do my daily updates. it says: The upgrade needs a total of 25.3 M free space on disk `/boot`. Please free at least an additional 25.3 M of disk ...
8
votes
8answers
31k views

Got NODATA issue: 'NODATA' (does the network require authentication?)

I can use my mobile broadband to access Internet with Firefox but when I want to install any package from terminal or make 'apt-get update' command I got the following error: got 'NODATA' (does the ...
252
votes
9answers
597k views

What does “sudo apt-get update” do?

I am wondering what sudo apt-get update does? What does it update?
33
votes
10answers
54k views

Unable to install Skype on 64bit Ubuntu

I am receiving the following message while I am trying to install Skype: nidhin@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get update nidhin@ubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install skype Reading package lists... Done Building ...
89
votes
8answers
125k views

How do you select the fastest mirror from the command line?

I want to update my sources.list file with the fastest server from the command line in a fresh Ubuntu Server install. I know this is trivially easy with the GUI, but there doesn't seem to be a simple ...
30
votes
9answers
165k views

apt-get update fails to fetch files, “Temporary failure resolving …” error

Err http://archive.canonical.com natty InRelease Err http://security.ubuntu.com oneiric-security InRelease Err http://extras.ubuntu.com natty InRelease ...
23
votes
3answers
138k views

how to install packages with apt-get on a system connected via proxy?

I've got an Ubuntu 11.10 system connected via a proxy to the internet, and I would like to install packages via apt-get. When I try to do that I get this error message: sudo apt-get install ...
363
votes
12answers
290k views

“The following packages have been kept back:” Why and how do I solve it?

I just added a PPA repository for the development version of the GIMP, but I get this error The following packages have been kept back: gimp gimp-data libgegl-0.0-0 libgimp2.0 Why and how can I ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Update Manager Error - Authentication Error

When I run Update Manager I get this error: This is what the error box says: W: A error occurred during the signature verification. The repository is not updated and the previous index files ...
-3
votes
0answers
381 views

Unable to locate package [duplicate]

There are many questions about Unable to locate package. For example : if user try to install package by using apt-get then the following error shown. (Here package is used only as example for ...
11
votes
2answers
33k views

Getting “'file' is different from the same file on the system” when I attempt to update through synaptic

Encountered an error while updating through Synaptic Manager. Subsequent updates gave the error at the bottom of the output. I'm a noob so any help is appreciated. al@al:~$ sudo apt-get -f upgrade ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

GPG Error while downloading software: “Clearsigned file isn't valid, got 'NODATA'”

After installing Ubuntu 13.10 I try to install ubuntu-restricted-extras or any software, it shows me: E: GPG error: http://archive.canonical.com saucy InRelease: Clearsigned file isn't valid, got ...
88
votes
5answers
81k views

How do I get and modify the source code of packages installed through apt-get?

I am assuming that all application installed through apt-get are open source; but for those that are available in that manner, where can I get the source code for these applications as well as update ...
38
votes
5answers
33k views

How to set up an APT repository?

I would like to set up an APT repository on a server that will provide a couple of packages. Is there a way to set one up without installing any software on the server? How do the files have to be ...
17
votes
3answers
29k views

“The package lists or status file could not be parsed or opened”

Everytime I sudo apt-get update it always not complete and will say in the end E: Read error - read (5: Input/output error) E: The package lists or status file could not be parsed or opened. Same ...
170
votes
1answer
292k views

Installed Teamviewer using a 64-bits system, but I get a dependency error

I was trying to install Teamviewer, but I was getting a dependency error. I tried to install them, but with no luck. I'm getting this error: Unpacking teamviewer (from teamviewer_linux_x64.deb) ... ...
32
votes
3answers
106k views

E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages

I am using Ubuntu 13.04 which I installed few days back. I am trying to install nodejs and npm. I tried to install from command line first and then uninstalled it. Then something broke. sudo apt-get ...
144
votes
5answers
174k views

How to Downgrade a Package via apt-get?

How to downgrade a package to an older version via apt-get?! Another tools are also accepted but apt-get is preferred.
27
votes
5answers
7k views

the size of apt-get update lists is too big

This question contains circumventions for an bug in Ubuntu: Bug #1001780 “apt-get update size is too big” : Bugs : Launchpad itself, as well as some general advice on saving bandwidth when doing ...
69
votes
5answers
20k views

apt-get update only for a specific repository

When I add a PPA and I want to install some of its content, it is quite annoying to re-update all my apt list using apt-get update. Is it instead possible to only sync the content of a given ...
1
vote
4answers
12k views

Why do I get an “unmet dependencies” error when trying to install WINE? [duplicate]

When trying to install WINE (sudo apt-get install wine) I get the following error: Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have requested an impossible situation or if you are ...
45
votes
5answers
41k views

“debconf: DbDriver ”config“: config.dat is locked by another process: Resource temporarily unavailable” while installing packages

I'm trying to install the flashybrid but when I enter the apt-get install flashybrid command, I get this error: root@user-desktop:/home/user# apt-get install flashybrid Reading package lists... Done ...
54
votes
3answers
45k views

How can I restore configuration files?

I would like to restore LightDM to its default state, because for some reason /etc/lightdm/unity-greeter.conf is now an empty file. Deleting /etc/lightdm/unity-greeter.conf and then running sudo ...
102
votes
7answers
70k views

Why am I getting authentication errors for packages from an Ubuntu repository?

I'm experimenting with VPNs, so I wanted to install pptpd. john@desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install pptpd [sudo] password for john: <snip> The following extra packages will be installed: bcrelay ...