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I'm trying to link all *.o files from another folder and would like to in my Makefile do something like;

g++ *.o (folder/*.o and not folder/main.o) -o bin

Is there someway I can use somekind of simple regex here?

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It can be done using Makefile. I am not pretty good in makefile. So learn it. – shantanu Jan 16 '12 at 17:02
I'm already using it in a Makefile but I would like for the makefile to be independent of whats in "folder" – SlimJim Jan 16 '12 at 17:15
remove folder/main.o before linking? :) – steabert Jan 18 '12 at 8:59
up vote 3 down vote accepted

Try g++ *.o $( echo folder/*.o |tr ' ' "\n" | egrep -v folder/main.o ), assuming none of folder/*.o have SPACES in their names.

Here's how it works:

echo folder/*.o produces a space-separated list of the filenames, with the directory.
tr ' ' "\n" changes all the spaces to newlines (giving us one filename per line, which makes egrep happy.
egrep -v folder/main.o eliminates the undesired filename from this list.
$() puts the rest of the filenames on the command line. Since $IFS defaults to SPACE, TAB, NEWLINE, we don't have to tr them back to spaces.

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It works great now thanks :D Although I had to put the command within ` ` instead of $( ) since it returned nothing for some reason. Thanks again :D – SlimJim Jan 16 '12 at 18:02
Perhaps you can replace for g++ *.o $( ls folder/*.o | egrep -v main.o ) for ls separates each item with a newline already. – Severo Raz Jan 16 '12 at 18:19

You should use makefiles, or even better autotools, but you can do something like this:

ls folder/ | grep "*.o" | grep -v "main.o" | while read -r file; do g++ $file -o bin; done

This question would be better answered in a bash related stack site anyway haha.

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Thanks man, I'm n00b on stacksites, just wondering which of them would that be, the "bash related" site? – SlimJim Feb 2 '12 at 17:21

This should work:

ls -1 folder/*.o | grep -v main.o | xargs -I{} g++ {} -o bin


  • ls -1 folder/*.o -> list all .o files (one per line) in folder folder

  • grep -v main.o -> exclude main.o from the list

  • xargs -I{} g++ {} -o bin -> execute "g++ file -o bin"

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Niffty commands, thanks :) – SlimJim Feb 2 '12 at 17:28

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