# How do I mount an SD card?

My computer has an SD card slot. When I put a working SD card into the slot, nothing happens. When I put a CD or DVD in, or plug in a USB drive, the medium is mounted and available. Is there something special I need to do for SD cards?

Hardware specifics

I am running 11.10 on a Dell XPS L502X. The card slot is marked "SDXC/MMC - MS/Pro" (which Wikipedia tells me are various SD card types).

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Normally you don't need to do anything special. Could you update the question to include the version of Ubuntu you're using? Also, you can open a terminal (ctrl-alt-t), type "tail -f /var/log/syslog", insert an SD card, and see what messages pop up. If you don't know what they mean you could paste the lines that appear when you insert the SD card in your question too. All this info is helpful to see what may be wrong with your card reader. –  roadmr Jan 14 '12 at 15:46
@roadmr I was going to post the results from syslog along with Huckle's suggestions, but when I plugged the SD card in... nothing happened! I may be missing something, but based on the output from the commands below, I think it doesn't even know the slot is there –  d3vid Jan 20 '12 at 15:54
Could you please update the question with your computer's make/model, version of Ubuntu, as well as the output of running "sudo lspci -nn". We can then check if your card reader is supported by your Ubuntu version. –  roadmr Jan 20 '12 at 16:50
@roadmr updated, and included the briefer lspci output in gist.github.com/77efea8cb1e4ca6eae1a –  d3vid Jan 20 '12 at 17:13
thanks, I don't see the card reader in lspci output, so maybe it's connected to the USB bus, could you post output of lsusb? then again, it's rare for USB card readers to not work at all.. –  roadmr Jan 20 '12 at 21:17

I have the same laptop, the slot does work on Ubuntu 12.04, but the OS doesn't seem to find the card when it is inserted. It appears you have 2 options in the short term:

1. Reboot with the SDcard in the slot.

2. Do a PCI re-scan

echo 1 | sudo tee /sys/bus/pci/rescan


The bug with the workaround is listed here.

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Thank you very much. –  Drew Noakes Jan 28 '13 at 20:07
Rebooting suggestion works ... Thanks :) –  Echo Jun 27 '13 at 22:05
Doesn't option 2 require administrative rights (e.g. issuing "sudo su" first)? –  Peter Mortensen Jul 7 '14 at 13:08
In the second option, the redirection (>) should have been a pipe (|). Edited. –  edwin Jul 16 '14 at 2:08

There are a few things you can do to make sure everything is working as expected.

1) Verify that Ubuntu knows about your SD card slot and what to do with it
2) Verify that Ubuntu knows you inserted something
3) Verify that Ubuntu understands the filesystem on the thing you inserted.

1) Check the outputs of the commands sudo lspci -v -nn, sudo lsusb, and sudo lshw on the command line. Here is a good guide for understanding lshw which lists an example SD Card reader.

2) Then run the following command before inserting the SD card and a few seconds after inserting it: ls -la /dev/sd*. This command lists all of the hard drives, CDs, DVDs, floppies, SD cards, etc that Ubuntu knows about. (These are called Block Devices).

Ideally you will see a few entries on the second run that you don't see on the first. For example:

$ls -la /dev/sd* brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 0 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sda brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 16 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdb brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 32 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 33 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc1 brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 34 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc2 brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 35 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc3 brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 36 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc4 brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 37 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc5 (Now insert the SD card)$ls -la /dev/sd*
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8,  0 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sda
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 16 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdb
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 32 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 33 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc1
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 34 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc2
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 35 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc3
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 36 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc4
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 37 2012-01-14 11:27 /dev/sdc5
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 64 2012-01-14 11:28 /dev/sdd


See that extra one at the end /dev/sdd that is the SD card.

3) Check that Ubuntu understands the filesystem on the drive. I would bet it is either Fat32 or NTFS. You can check if your copy of Ubuntu understands those filesystems (it should) by running this command: cat /proc/filesystems. In this list vfat is Fat32 and (for all intents and purposes) fuse is NTFS. **Note: this list is not extensive.

A better way is to simply try to mount the SD card manually. Run the following commands in order until one works (replace the X in /dev/sdX1 with the letter from step 2):

sudo mount /dev/sdX1 /mnt
sudo mount -t vfat /dev/sdX1 /mnt
sudo mount -t ntfs /dev/sdX1 /mnt
sudo mount -t msdos /dev/sdX1 /mnt


No output means it worked, and you should be able to navigate to your SD card with nautilus at /mnt. If none of them worked, try plugging your SD card into a windows machine and running chkdsk on it, or verify the filesystem type.

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thanks for such a detailed answer, unfortunately I haven't been able to get past step 2 (and I cheated to go that far I think ;) - I can't see anything SD-card-like in gist.github.com/77efea8cb1e4ca6eae1a - let me know if you expand your answer or if this begs a new question "where is my sd card?!!111!" –  d3vid Jan 20 '12 at 15:52
Can you verify that it works in another operating system (such as windows)? –  Huckle Jan 20 '12 at 17:11
unfortunately I can't, windows machine doesn't have an SD slot, but I'll see if I can get another card - would it be worth it (and not harmful) to try this even though the symptoms are different? askubuntu.com/questions/78881/… –  d3vid Jan 20 '12 at 17:16
also added filesystems output to gist link - fuse is present but vfat isn't –  d3vid Jan 20 '12 at 17:18
/proc/filesystems wont list all available filesystems, but it is a quick method of getting the common ones and is easier than looking through the man page for mount. However I think your problem exists in the hardware. Do you have any experience with Virtual Machines? Running windows in a VM might offer some insight. –  Huckle Jan 20 '12 at 19:16

This seems to work better for me:

sudo fdisk -l (it's a lower case L) this shows all the /dev/sdX names and blocks and more info about the capacity/space of the "disks"

Then, I just use the command: sudo mkdir /media/sdcard/ (create a directory for the sd card to be mounted to)

(command mount) (location name /dev/sdd1/) (mounted to created folder) sudo mount /dev/sdd1/ /media/sdcard/

You can mount it to just media if you want and then here is the umount command for unmounting: sudo umount /dev/sdd1/

Then, you can remove dir with sudo rmdir /sdcard.

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This worked for me, too. Except mine was named /dev/mmcblk0p1 for some reason. –  Espressofa Apr 10 '13 at 23:08

OK, based on your very detailed hardware information (thanks!), it doesn't look like the system is seeing the card reader; as in, it's not attached to either the PCI or the USB buses. It's as if it doesn't exist.

Do you know for certain that the card reader works? it might have a loose connection (check the cables from the reader to the motherboard). Also, check that it's not disabled in the BIOS/Setup.

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I have this same issue and I can confirm that the SD card works in windows. –  Josiah Apr 2 '12 at 13:20
Josiah: do you have the very same make and model of computer? if not, then it's most likely not the same issue. –  roadmr Apr 2 '12 at 23:17
yup save make and model + I'm using the same ubuntu version. I found that the SD card is recognised as long as it has been inserted before the computer boots up –  Josiah Apr 3 '12 at 13:16

After more than a year, I found a permanent solution described in Read Your SD card with your Ubuntu laptop.

Quoting from the cited page:

«Do the following things.

1. Backup the file /etc/modules

sudo cp /etc/modules /etc/modules.bak

2. Add one line to /etc/modules

gksu gedit /etc/modules or sudo vi /etc/modules

3.Tag this on to the end of the file in a new line:

tifm_sd


When you restart, you’re card reader will be functional. You’ll see that when you slap an SD card into the reader, it will automount.

But wait, don’t want to have to restart your machine? Go back to the terminal you impatient person and type:

sudo modprobe tifm_sd


That's all. After a restart, my laptop recognized the inserted SD card and opened the SD card in Nautilus.»

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Tried this. Didn't work for me on Ubuntu 12.04 –  Planky Oct 4 '14 at 20:01

If the SD card has no volume label, try adding one using a Windows or Mac machine. For example (using Windows) where H: is the SD card.

chkdsk H: /f

label H: NEW_LABEL

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You can equally easily add a volume label in Ubuntu with Disk Utility or GParted Partition Editor. –  Eliah Kagan Jun 1 '12 at 22:00
Only if you can mount it first. –  user67782 Jun 2 '12 at 2:01
No, GParted will definitely change the volume label of an unmounted partition. I just double-checked to be sure. See this screenshot. (Plus, I've done it many, many times.) –  Eliah Kagan Jun 2 '12 at 3:03
Good solution using Ubuntu only. Thanks @d3vid for the question. –  user67782 Jun 4 '12 at 12:38

OK, I tried all these things on a homebuilt computer dual boot with Windows XP SP3 and Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid). Here's the results:

Automount does not recognize the card in Ubuntu, but if I put the card in my multifunction card reader at bootup, then it's recognized at boot and I can "Safely remove drive), but if I reinsert it, the system does not recognize it again, but see the last two paragraphs.

Booting the same machine into Windows XP SP3 (dual boot), and inserting the card after bootup, it's recognized just fine and can be taken out and reinserted.

Running Windows XP in VirtualBox 4.1.18 hosted by Ubuntu, kernel 4.6.32.41, and trying to read the card, it only works if it's in the slot and I turn on that particular (multifunction card reader) USB device. I can take the card in and out, but I have to keep checking and unchecking the multicard device with each insertion.

Now, here's the weird part. If I open VirtualBox into Windows XP getting the card to come up in the Windows XP session, then shut down the virtual session leaving the card in the multifunction card reader, the card then shows up on my Ubuntu Desktop.

Thus the workaround if I want to access the card in Ubuntu after bootup is to fire up VirtualBox, start Windows XP, insert the card, verify I see it im "My computer," then shutdown the VirtualBox session. Oh, yes (comment added later after further experimentation). If I "unmount" the card - through Nautilus, and remove it, as opposed to "Safely Remove Drive," then I can reinsert it and it is recognized immediately.

Sure wish Ubuntu just recognized it directly!!

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I have the same model (l502x) and I'm using LTS 12.04.

I tried the last JMicron driver and it worked for most of card types (not mspro).