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I need this information to optimize the number of worker threads my custom application is allocating.

For example, if I just use top on a single-threaded application on a two-core machine, the 100% CPU usage does not tell me if there is still unused capacity in the form of the other core!

What kind of monitoring tools can I use to detect the difference?

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up vote 10 down vote accepted

Use htop. It has many more features than top, including showing individual threads and individual CPU usage etc.

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When running top, press 1, this will show per-core usage. Maybe it's what you need?

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+1 It's definitely helpful - I can see total cpu1 and cpu2 usage - lemme try it out some more... – kfmfe04 Dec 22 '11 at 1:28

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