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How I can install freepbx 2.9 with asterisk 1.8 on ubuntu 11.10?

The matter is that most tutorials and guidelines on internet are not well written and I get error messages when I do amportal start.

An extra difficulty is that there are no guidelines in case I use nginx/php-fpm. All tutorials are for apache.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

First make sure you are up to date, install nginx, php-cli, and then php-fpm/cgi. Afterward, edit config files. The config files obviously can be quite different, for example, if you are using a framework like CodeIgniter; but I don't think FreePBX uses a framework.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install nginx
sudo apt-get install php5-cli
sudo apt-get install php5-fpm php5-cgi
sudo vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Here is /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

# There are many more options to tweak nginx... bare bones follows:
user www-data;
worker_processes 4; # max_clients = worker_processes * worker_connections
worker_rlimit_nofile 8192; # file descriptors are > than worker_connections
events {
    worker_connections 8000; # provide (8000 * cpu_cores) connections
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /var/run/;
http {
    include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;

    # Define access log format.
    log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] $status '
            '"$request" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
            '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
    access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;

    keepalive_timeout 20;
    sendfile on; # Send static files with nginx.

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
    include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

Edit the fastcgi_params file.

sudo vim /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params

Here is /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params:

fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

# Enable PHP $_SERVER['HTTPS'] variable (will equal TLSv1, not "on")
fastcgi_param HTTPS $ssl_protocol;

Edit the website definition file.

sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Here is the /etc/nginx/sites-available/default file:

server {
    listen 80;
    charset utf-8;

    add_header "X-UA-Compatible" "IE=Edge,chrome=1";

    location / {
        root   /var/www/public;
        index index.php;

    # what to do with static files
    location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|xml)$ {
        access_log off;
        expires 30d;
        root /var/www/public;

    # what to do with php files
    location ~ .php$ {
        fastcgi_index     index.php;
        include           /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        keepalive_timeout 0;
        fastcgi_param     SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;


Create the website root directory and default document.

sudo mkdir /var/www/public
sudo vim /var/www/public/index.php

Here is the /var/www/public/index.php file:

<?php phpinfo() ?>

Restart nginx.

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

Load the site in a browser to see if it is working. On Ubuntu server with no GUI?

sudo apt-get install links

You should see the result of phpinfo().

Once you see phpinfo() working, follow the compilation instructions for Asterisk.

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