Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I want to compress files in .tgz. I know how to make tar.gz(with tar and gzip) and some people say it is almost the same, but I need to make a .tgz, how??

share|improve this question
You might be interested in .7z and .xz which are great. – Anonymous Nov 30 '11 at 0:07

A tar.gz file and a .tgz file are similar.

Compress files using tar:

tar -cvzf <name of tarball>.tgz /path/to/source/folder

for example, I want to create a backup.tgz or backup.tar.gz from folder /home/user/project

tar -cvzf backup.tgz /home/user/project

tar -cvzf backup.tar.gz /home/user/project

You can use tar cvzf instead of tar -cvzf as well.

Extract .tgz or .tar.gz files using tar

tar -xvzf backup.tgz

tar -xvzf backup.tar.gz

Mnemonic for compression (the order of the flags do not matter)

  • C ompress
  • Z ee
  • F ile
  • V erbose

Mnemonic for extraction (the order of the flags do not matter)

  • e X tract
  • Z ee
  • F ile
  • V erbose
share|improve this answer
Is there a flag to have a password when you compress your file? – Dorian Dore Apr 17 '15 at 4:04

It's the same. Just rename the file from file.tar.gz to file.tgz.

share|improve this answer
You've forgotten the command for renaming a file: mv file.tar.gz file.tgz. Obvious, but worth mentioning – Lekensteyn Nov 29 '11 at 23:08

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.