To print a particular line you can use
route -n | sed -n 2p
to print second line.
sed, what is
I will give a short and incomplete explanation of what is
sed. For a complete description I suggest to see
sed info pages (run
sed mean stream editor, i.e. an editor that can act on a stream (or pipe) of text data, though it can act also on files; substantially this mean that (differently from
ed) it can never turn back to a previous line.
awk reads one line at a time and apply a script to that line to possibly modify it. At the end of the script, by default the modified line is output to stdout. Then
sed go on the the next line.
A script is a sequence of pair address-command, if the line match the address then the command is executed.
The typical use of
sed is to perform a substitution of a pattern with something, e.g.
command | sed 's/ *$//'
here the string between single quotes is the script, consisting of a single address-command pair. The address is missing (it would appear before the
s), in such a case the command is applied by default to all input lines.
s is the command and the rest of the string are command specific instructions, saying "substitute 0 or more occurrence (
*) of a space (
) character at end on line (
$) with nothing (i.e. remove them)".
Other useful command are
p command print the current line, this is useful in combination with the
-n option, that modify the default behavior to print the current line at end of script. So in
sed -n '2p'
the script is the string
2p consisting on the address
2 and the command
p, so the line 2 will be printed, all other line instead will not be printed, due to the
d command delete a line, for example
would delete all lines from the third to the sixth.
3,6 is an address range. I observe that in this case one should not use the
-n option, because we want to print all other lines.
Last thing, an address could be a pattern, like in
sed -n '/^#/p'
this command would print all lines beginning (
^) with a