Take the 2-minute tour ×
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Here is my df-h output. In here /media/Songs is using almost 100% disk space.

root@LAB:~# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda1              19G  8.7G  9.2G  49% /
udev                  1.5G  4.0K  1.5G   1% /dev
tmpfs                 596M  960K  595M   1% /run
none                  1.5G  1.5M  1.5G   1% /run/shm
/dev/sda7              99G   32G   63G  34% /media/Softs
/dev/sda6              99G   90G  3.6G  97% /media/Films
/dev/sda8             106G   61G   40G  61% /media/Misc
/dev/sda5              99G   94G  4.9M 100% /media/Songs

Here are the detailed overview of /media/Songs.

root@LAB:~# du -sch /media/Songs/*
39G /media/Songs/AUDIO
16K /media/Songs/lost+found
55G /media/Songs/Video
93G total
root@LAB:~# 

My question is where is the 5GB free space?

In G-parted as well as nautilus it's showing 5GB free space but available space is only 4.9Mb. Why?

Here are my system details.

root@LAB:~# lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description:    Ubuntu 11.10
Release:    11.10
Codename:   oneiric

root@LAB:~# uname -a
Linux LAB 3.0.0-12-generic #20-Ubuntu SMP Fri Oct 7 14:56:25 UTC 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

root@LAB:~# df -i
Filesystem            Inodes   IUsed   IFree IUse% Mounted on
/dev/sda1            1250928  182541 1068387   15% /
udev                  378633     606  378027    1% /dev
tmpfs                 381366     563  380803    1% /run
none                  381366       9  381357    1% /run/shm
/dev/sda7            6553600   16148 6537452    1% /media/Softs
/dev/sda6            6553600     484 6553116    1% /media/Films
/dev/sda8            6995968    4287 6991681    1% /media/Misc
/dev/sda5            6553600   10857 6542743    1% /media/Songs


root@LAB:~# tune2fs -l /dev/sda5
tune2fs 1.41.14 (22-Dec-2010)
Filesystem volume name:   Songs
Last mounted on:          /media/Songs
Filesystem UUID:          191fe922-ed45-431f-9ae6-4ab1247701d9
Filesystem magic number:  0xEF53
Filesystem revision #:    1 (dynamic)
Filesystem features:      has_journal ext_attr resize_inode dir_index filetype needs_recovery extent flex_bg sparse_super large_file huge_file uninit_bg dir_nlink extra_isize
Filesystem flags:         signed_directory_hash 
Default mount options:    (none)
Filesystem state:         clean
Errors behavior:          Continue
Filesystem OS type:       Linux
Inode count:              6553600
Block count:              26214400
Reserved block count:     1310720
Free blocks:              1311973
Free inodes:              6542744
First block:              0
Block size:               4096
Fragment size:            4096
Reserved GDT blocks:      1017
Blocks per group:         32768
Fragments per group:      32768
Inodes per group:         8192
Inode blocks per group:   512
Flex block group size:    16
Filesystem created:       Sun Jul 17 16:06:42 2011
Last mount time:          Thu Nov 17 02:36:00 2011
Last write time:          Thu Nov 17 02:36:00 2011
Mount count:              1
Maximum mount count:      35
Last checked:             Thu Nov 17 02:35:20 2011
Check interval:           15552000 (6 months)
Next check after:         Tue May 15 02:35:20 2012
Lifetime writes:          98 GB
Reserved blocks uid:      0 (user root)
Reserved blocks gid:      0 (group root)
First inode:              11
Inode size:           256
Required extra isize:     28
Desired extra isize:      28
Journal inode:            8
Default directory hash:   half_md4
Directory Hash Seed:      dc98c454-9826-4f42-ad66-3fb7a1941526
Journal backup:           inode blocks
share|improve this question

2 Answers 2

up vote 7 down vote accepted
Reserved block count:     1310720
Free blocks:              1311973

When a file system is created, 5% of all blocks are reserved for the super user (for writing logs etc.)

If this disk is only for storing files (and e.g. doesn't contain /var/) you can set this to 0% (or you may keep 1% just in case):

$ tune2fs -m 0 /dev/sda5
share|improve this answer
    
That's interesting. Indeed (1310720 blocks*4096 bytes/block)/1024**3 = 5 GB –  jcollado Nov 16 '11 at 23:12

Those blocks are reserved for root user. Here are some hints from mke2fs man page:

-m reserved-blocks-percentage

Specify the percentage of the filesystem blocks reserved for the super-user. This avoids fragmentation, and allows root-owned daemons, such as syslogd(8), to continue to function correctly after non-privileged processes are prevented from writing to the filesystem. The default percentage is 5%.

You probably don't need root-owned daemons to white on that partition though totally filling the partition up is not good in terms of fragmentation.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.