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I am coding a script to check mysql databases using bash script, I would like to check if the status of a table is not 'OK', will return the table name and do some more actions:


table1                 OK
table2                 Some error here
table3                 OK
table4                 OK
table5                 Another error
table6                 OK
table7                 Broken
table8                 A very long error which take a 2 lines
of multiple errors

# check and repair tables
mysqlcheck -u $hostUser -p$hostPasswd --all-databases --check --auto-repair >> check.log

# grep tables status, should return OK
cat check.log | grep 'OK' | awk '{print $2}'| while read status; do

# if any table does not contain OK
if [ "$status" != "OK" ]
##### HERE WHERE I am stuck
#### It loops and return all the table

# grep to get the table name
cat check.log | grep 'OK' | awk '{print $1}'| while read table; do
echo $tblName' is BROKEN'
echo $tblName' is FINE'


// here I need to mail the tables that have problems in one single mail

Looking for an output like:

tableName: error
tableName: error

table2: Some error here
table5: Another error
and so on

These lines will be an output into a log file (result.txt)

Thanks for your support

share|improve this question
Do you have a specific reason to use awk? – Jacob Vlijm Mar 30 at 6:38
Well if there is a better method, why not – Abu Rayane Mar 31 at 2:15

You don't need to read file line-by-line using bash. Awk does that already. For instance, you can print broken entries using this code

awk '$2!="OK"{print $0}'  check.log

You can also just print the table name and use that command to create an array, then act upon those:

array=( $(awk '$2!="OK"{printf "%s ",$1 }'  check.log) )

Note the space next to %s, that's important.

You mentioned also, that error can be multiline, just like for table8. We probably want to avoid messing with that. So we may add a check also for field 1 to contain a word table.

$> array=( $(awk '$1~/table/ && $2!="OK"{printf "%s ",$1 }'  check.log) )      
$> echo ${array[@]}                                                            
table2 table5 table7 table8
$> echo ${array[0]}                                                            
share|improve this answer
Oh yeah, awesome, how can I print the content of the array? – Abu Rayane Mar 30 at 4:17
Either echo or printf will do. See my edit – Serg Mar 30 at 5:38
Tables can have different names, I am looking to get a result like the above mentioned in my edited question – Abu Rayane Mar 30 at 6:34
@AbuRayane that's it ? You just want lines like tableX Error#25 ? – Serg Mar 30 at 6:41
In that case , awk '$2!="OK"{print $0}' check.log, my first code is what you want. – Serg Mar 30 at 6:42

Since awk's default behaviour is to print the full line when a True condition happens, you can say something as simple as this:

awk '$NF != "OK"' file

Which returns the following for your given input:

table2                 Some error here
table5                 Another error
table7                 Broken
table8                 A very long error which take a 2 lines
of multiple errors


  • NF stands for number of fields, so $NF stands for field number NF. That is, the last field on every line.
  • Saying $NF != "OK" we are checking if the last field on the line is "OK" or not. If it is not, the condition is true and the line gets printed automatically.
share|improve this answer
It is a good toot, I am looking to print the result per rows, as I edited in my question above, see the part "Looking for an output like:" – Abu Rayane Mar 31 at 2:00
@AbuRayane you should edit your question to show what exact output you want. Currently it is unclear. – fedorqui Mar 31 at 9:34
The solutions that you give and Serg as well gave me, are correct, it is only a matter of a display, I need to display the result line by line, i.e: table2: error then a new line table3: error another new line table5: error and so on – Abu Rayane Apr 1 at 3:25
@AbuRayane so instead of the full error you just want to display the string "error"? – fedorqui Apr 1 at 11:19
No, the full error, but line by line display as mentioned above – Abu Rayane Apr 2 at 2:54

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