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Is there a way, ideally using the command line, to convert multiple .csv files to one multi-sheet .xls spreadsheet?

If there isn't a cli solution, it'd be good to know if there's an API that works in, ideally, awk or pascal, but, failing that, in pretty-well anything.

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ssconvert, mentioned by Maythux, is a companion command to Gnumeric, which will be installed by default on an Ubuntu Desktop system, but not on a server version. – Arronical Feb 17 at 10:09
Given the fact Excel will load CSV in an .xls file you could simply do: cat *.csv > file.xls – ash Feb 17 at 12:05
try this – Lety Feb 17 at 12:56
ssconvert does the trick, perfectly. What I needed was to have each .csv file in a separate sheet. Using cat doesn't achieve that. ssconvert does. – Peter Brooks Feb 22 at 6:37
@ash csv and xls are different formats, catting a bunch of csvs to a file and renaming it xls wont work at all, since csvs dont support multiple sheets so it would just make one long csv, and also since csv is a plaintext format whereas xls is a binary format – chiliNUT Feb 23 at 23:19
up vote 10 down vote accepted

You can use the command ssconvert.

ssconvert example.csv example.xls

To do it for multiple files you have to make a bash loop over csv files and do the job. Here a hint:

for i in *.csv; do ssconvert "$i" "${i%.*}".xls; done


To convert and merge into one single xls file also you still can use ssconvert.

ssconvert --merge-to=output.xls file1.csv file2.csv ....

or easily

ssconvert --merge-to=output.xls *.csv 
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It is vital to quote the variables, as "$i" "${i%.*}".xls, otherwise any file name containing a space will break the command (and potentially overwrite an unrelated file). – Paddy Landau Feb 22 at 23:08
@PaddyLandau thanks for your note – Maythux Feb 23 at 7:38

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