How to create a .deb file
This is a tutorial on creating a basic .deb file from a given sample script. In this tutorial first we create a sample program in bash that just show 'HELLO FROM PROGRAM'. Then we create a control file for the program in order to make a debian installer. Finally they are packaged into a
create a sample program in bash
paste the following code into it
echo 'HELLO FROM PROGRAM' | zenity --text-info
Make the program executable
chmod +x "$HOME/create_deb/pgmdir/zenity_hello.sh"
Create control file for the debian package
Make a file named
control inside folder
and paste following details
Depends: zenity, bash
Description: This is my first debian package.
Guided by Totti Torvalds.
In Description new line start with a space.
You can edit the contents if you like. Read more about the format of this file here and here.
postinst script, that is executed immediately after installation of the package
echo 'Installing program : zenity_hello.sh ......' | zenity --text-info
and make it executable
chmod +x "$HOME/create_deb/DEBIAN/postinst"
prerm script, that is executed before removal of the package
echo 'Removing program : zenity_hello.sh ......' | zenity --text-info
and make it executable
chmod +x "$HOME/create_deb/DEBIAN/prerm"
Make package structure and copy programs, data, etc..
Create a structure of your installed programs and its data. In this example we put the file at
mkdir -p "$HOME"/create_deb/bin
cp "$HOME/create_deb/pgmdir/zenity_hello.sh" "$HOME/create_deb/bin/zenity_hello"
Build the .deb file.
dpkg-deb --build "$HOME"/create_deb .
. will auto name the
.deb file with version, arch etc. Or your custom name
dpkg-deb --build "$HOME"/create_deb "$HOME"/create_deb/hellodeb.deb
Or if you build the .deb file with
debuild -k'your GPG key here' -S
then you can upload it to Ubuntu Launchpad with
dput ppa:<lp-username>/<ppa-name> packet-source.changes
like described here (source: create a .deb Package from scripts or binaries)
Install the newly created
You can open it with
software-center but it may not allow you to install. So I recommend to use
gdebi package manager.
sudo apt-get install gdebi
Now you can install it. During installation you should see a gtk dialogue
Installing program : zenity_hello.sh ......
After installing open a terminal and type
zenity_hello. If the program correctly installed and everything OK you should see a gtk dialogue
HELLO FROM PROGRAM
sudo apt-get remove zenity_hello
Publish your repository in 2 minutes
As the OP wants a simple way to publish his packages I'm giving an easy hack.
requirement: dropbox (or anyother service, for ex. github) account with a public folder.
Create a folder inside your Public-Dropbox-Folder where you put your *.deb Files:
or create that folder somwhere else and put a symlink in your Public folder:
ln -s ~/deb-packages/ deb-packages
Go into that folder and create a script that, when executed, creates the Packages.gz, containing all the needed informationen about your deb-packages.
put this in it:
dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null |gzip > Packages.gz
make it executable:
chmod x import.sh
Copy some *.deb Files into the Folder. Could be your own or some that aren't available through other repositories. Then go into the Folder and execute the script we put there:
That should create the so called Packages.gz File, which apt looks for to know which Packages are located at this repository.
Now, wait for Dropbox to synchronize the Folder and grab the Public-URL from the
Packages.gz. It should look something like this:
Get rid of the end of that link, put some more words to it and you can now use and populate the following line for the sources.list:
deb http://dl.getdropbox.../deb-packages ./
That's it you got your own deb repository running. Always synchronized locally, but available to anyone, anytime, anywhere.
dpkg-scanpackages is available from