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What different Ubuntu derivatives are there? And what is special with them?

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16 Answers 16

up vote 36 down vote accepted

The main two differences between Ubuntu and its derivatives are the backing and the default installed packages. For all official derivatives, you can convert between variants by installing certain packages.

Here is a small list:

Ubuntu

Ubuntu comes with the Unity desktop environment. The underlying Unity platform is still GNOME, but instead of using the GNOME Shell interface, Unity uses the Unity shell.

Ubuntu and Unity are commercially backed and supported by Canonical.

To convert an installation into regular Ubuntu, install ubuntu-desktop Install ubuntu-desktop.

Kubuntu

This is the KDE flavor of the typical Ubuntu (which is GNOME driven). The primary difference is that Kubuntu comes with KDE as the default Desktop Environment, as opposed to GNOME with the Unity shell.

Kubuntu is sponsored by Blue Systems. Canonical stopped backing it in 2012, but it is still an officially recognized Ubuntu variant, which means that it gets build machines, test machines, CD image distribution servers, etc. dedicated to it.

To convert an installation into Kubuntu, install kubuntu-desktop Install kubuntu-desktop.

Ubuntu GNOME

Ubuntu GNOME aims to have a mostly pure GNOME desktop installed by default.

Ubuntu GNOME is community-driven. It was originally called Ubuntu GNOME Remix; it was renamed to Ubuntu GNOME when it became officially recognized. Ubuntu GNOME is very new: its first release as an official derivative was 13.04 Raring Ringtail, which as of 6/9/13 is the current release.

To convert an installation into Ubuntu GNOME, install ubuntu-gnome-desktop Install ubuntu-gnome-desktop.

Xubuntu

This is a lighter weight, highly efficient and optimized flavor of Ubuntu designed to run on older computers. It uses Xfce which is a proven faster Desktop Environment than both KDE and GNOME. This is a typically simpler slim interface.

Xubuntu is community-driven and operates under a Strategy Document. It is also officially recognized by Canonical (see Kubuntu for what that means).

To convert an installation into Xubuntu, install xubuntu-desktop Install xubuntu-desktop.

Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu Server is optimized for use as a server. It does not come with X.Org, and as such does not use any graphical environment like a desktop environment or a window manager. Instead, it comes only with a CLI environment.

Ubuntu Server is commercially backed and supported by Canonical.

Mythbuntu

The counterpart to Xubuntu - Mythbuntu is designed to be an entertainment powerhouse. Focused around being a Media Center it includes many drivers and setups for TV Tuners, TV Out cards, and has a Media Center application (MythTV) integrated into the Desktop Environment to facilitate the entertainment powerhouse it advertises.

Mythbuntu is an officially recognized Ubuntu variant.

To convert an installation into Mythbuntu, install mythbuntu-desktop Install mythbuntu-desktop.

Lubuntu

Lubuntu takes the aims of Xubuntu and pushes the Desktop Environment to an even more bare bones lightweight variant: LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) which is supposed to be an even more efficient, power saving, fast, lightweight Desktop Manager than XFCE.

Lubuntu is community-driven. It is officially recognized as a variant by Canonical.

To convert an installation into Lubuntu, install lubuntu-desktop Install lubuntu-desktop.

My Opinion

I've used the first three before and I believe all have some backing from Canonical (or other corporate backing) while Lubuntu is still relatively new and community driven. Though if you have a very old/slow computer it certainly might be what you're looking for.


Figured I'd add the other flavors of Ubuntu I knew where out there

In addition to the above listed there is also:

Edubuntu

This flavor is designed with Educational intent. Runs very close to the vanilla Ubuntu release though it comes with many additional applications that are best suited for an Educational environment. It also is configured and stylized with kids in mind.

Edubuntu is an officially recognized variant.

Ubuntu Studio

This flavor is geared towards those who deal with multimedia (Video, Audio, Graphics, Design) on a daily basis. Comes bundled with many applications, codecs, and drivers required to facilitate those activities.

Ubuntu Studio is an officially recognized variant.

Ubuntu CE

Ubuntu CE (Ubuntu Christian Edition) is Ubuntu designed for Christians who wish to maintain an "Christianly" lifestyle. This comes bundled with a lot of religious software and security tools to help protect moral religious obligations.

Ubuntu CE is an unofficial derivative.

Nubuntu

This project is idle, but it's intent was to bring stronger hardened security to the stock Ubuntu installation. It targets security practitioners like penetration testers.

Nubuntu is an unofficial derivative.

Fluxbuntu

Fluxbuntu does not come with a desktop environment like GNOME or KDE. Instead, it only comes with a window manager called Fluxbox.

Fluxbuntu is community-driven. It is an unofficial variant.

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Just so you know, Fluxbuntu uses Fluxbox as its WM. > "in this case Flux which is another alternative Window Manager for Linux" –  Gödel Oct 29 '10 at 21:02
    
Where do "desktop" and "server" fit into this roster? Does that only apply to the master Ubuntu distribution, or do the others also have desktop, server, netboot, etc. releases? –  Andrew Vit Oct 22 '11 at 21:19

The various different versions of Ubuntu differ only by branding and the default set of packages. On the inside all of the variations are similar and can be easily extended to include packages from each other just by going to the package manager and installing the packages you want.

So in a way there aren't that many differences between them.

On the other hand by default they focus on different things. Kubuntu focuses on KDE tools while Ubuntu focuses on Gnome tools and so on. So in the end it's mostly about your preferences.

Which one is most suitable for your old system depends a lot on how old the system is and what kind of hardware it has. The lightest ones of the bunch are lubuntu and xubuntu, not that others are too demanding either.

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1  
There is a bit more a difference then the branding between the different versions. Not all the versions get the same support as each other. As mentioned above Xubuntu, Kubuntu and Edubuntu are the only official recognized remixes of Ubuntu by Canonical. Canonical pays for developers for these different releases. Also Kubuntu's philosophy has tried to keep as close to KDE base as possible while integrating what Canonical has developed. –  jjesse Aug 6 '10 at 18:03

If I can, I would like to make a correction here. Ubuntu and Kubuntu receive official support from Canonical, the corporation behind Ubuntu. Xubuntu has not ever received support, although it is recognized as an official derivative. The developers of Xubuntu do so on their own time as volunteers. For use in an older computer, I would suggest either Xubuntu or Lubuntu, both of which are designed to use fewer resources than Ubuntu and Kubuntu.

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It's all here on Wikipedia, including neat descriptions.

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Kubuntu, Mythbuntu, Xubuntu, Edubuntu, and Lubuntu are all based on Ubuntu but use a different desktop environment. Ubuntu uses Unity and Kubuntu uses KDE and ect..

Mythbuntu is a Media environment. Xubuntu and Lubuntu are genrally considered very lightweight compared to the rest. Edubuntu is an educational version of Ubuntu.

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List of "recognized" Ubuntu Derivatives:

  • Xubuntu - Ubuntu with the XFCE desktop environment
  • Ubuntu Studio - Designed for multimedia editing and creation
  • Mythbuntu - Designed for creating a home theatre PC with MythTV
  • Kubuntu - Ubuntu with the K Desktop environment
  • Edubuntu - Ubuntu for education
  • Lubuntu - Ubuntu that uses LXDE ("Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment")
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Currently there are 9 Official Ubuntu flavors:

Ubuntu

The most common and known, Ubuntu uses the Unity Desktop as default and creates an standard desktop environment for TVs, smartphones and desktops. Ubuntu is not considered a lightweight distro although it works on some low end hardware.

Download - http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521700/7035


Kubuntu

Most Windows users love this one since the transition from Windows to the KDE desktop is very easy to grip. To top it off, KDE is known to give pretty much many customization options for the user, ranging from general ones to very specific ones. This is also considered something bad (not from me at least) because it gives you a LOT of options to customize. Don't be amazed if you find an option for your fridge there. Like Ubuntu, Kubuntu is not a lightweight distro.

Download - http://www.kubuntu.org/getkubuntu
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521701/7035


Lubuntu

It is one of the lightweight alternatives to Ubuntu. Easy to learn and recommended for old hardware that you want to bring back to life.

Download - http://lubuntu.net/
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521702/7035


Xubuntu

Like Lubuntu, Xubuntu is a lightweight distribution. It offers several friendlier features than Lubuntu and it offers more customization.

Download - http://xubuntu.org/getxubuntu/
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521704/7035


Edubuntu

Focused on education. The installation procedure offers many prebuilt learning packages

Download - http://www.edubuntu.org/download
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521705/7035


Mythbuntu

Focused on offering a complete HTPC solution. From TV recording and similar activities to wathing a Movie or TV Series list.

Download - http://www.mythbuntu.org/download-type
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521708/7035


Ubuntu Studio

For avid multimedia users, it focuses on the Multimedia aspects of a system, It offers video/audio design & edition, Multimedia Authoring, 2D/3D Design, several preinstalled video editors, audio editors, graphic editors, digital design, raw image applications and any other multimedia editor needed for a full blowned multimedia workspace.

Download - https://ubuntustudio.org/download/
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521710/7035


Ubuntu GNOME

It offers users a sleek, fast and elegant desktop with many integrated features that work together to make the end user's life easier.

Download - http://ubuntugnome.org/download/
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521711/7035


Ubuntu Kylin

Developed primarily for China, Ubuntu Kylin offers many unique features not found in other flavors of Ubuntu (Apart from Mandarin as default ^^). It originated from the Kylin operating system designed in China by the National University of Defense Technology. The name Kylin comes from the Mythical Chimerical creature Qilin, which is a creature that when it appears it means a good omen (Prosperity or Peace). It is often called the Chinese Unicorn, which would be simply amazing when Utopic Unicorn arrives.

Download - http://www.ubuntu.com/download/ubuntu-kylin
Information - http://askubuntu.com/a/521713/7035


For Benchmark, CPU & Memory Usage, Minimum Hardware Requirements, Recommended Hardware Requirements and User Recommended Hardware Requirements, ISO Download Size, Look after installed and Desktop used please see the answers below for the respective Ubuntu Distribution.

All 9 distributions shown independently below offer the following:

  • 9 Official Ubuntu Distributions (32-bit and 64-bit)
  • Hardware Requirements (Minimum, Officially Recommended and My Recommendation)
  • Unique Features
  • Resource Usage & Performance
  • All share similar Hard Drive I/O performance, Network Speed & Installation Time
  • Apart from Edubuntu, Mythbuntu & Ubuntu Studio offering some unique installation options, all have similar installation procedures
  • General GPU usage and performance actually varies more on what type of Video card, CPU, Amount of RAM and Motherboard you are using than on what Desktop you are using. In any case, at the end you can see the overall FPS performance for each Desktop.
  • Test took one week and was done with the following Hardware:
    • CPU: Intel i7-4770
    • Intel Haswell Integrated GPU
    • Samsung SSD 840 Pro 256 GB
    • RAM: 4 GB DDR3
    • MOBO: Asus Z87 Pro
  • SDD was formatted each time a new distribution was tested
  • Office Apps means the following:
    • LibreOffice Writer, Calc & Impress opened with a simple document
    • For the Cases of Lubuntu & Xubuntu, the Office Suite was Gnumeric and Abiword
    • For the Cases of Mythbuntu & Ubuntu Studio, there were no Office Suite. Because of this, the Full Apps tests for them, does not include any Office Suite.
  • HDD Usage means the hard drive space used after installation.
  • Full Apps means the following:
    • Includes all applications from the Office Apps
    • Firefox opened with 20 Tabs showing the following sites: Ask Ubuntu, Ubuntu, Lubuntu, Edubuntu, Mythbuntu, Ubuntu Studio, Ubuntu Gnome, Ubuntu Kylin, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu G+, Launchpad, Phoronix, Ubuntu Discourse, OMG Ubuntu, WEB UPD8, Slashdot, Linux Foundation, LibreOffice.
    • For the case of Mythbuntu which does not come with Firefox by default I used Chromium. I also had to exit the MythTV Application which launches by default to do the tests.
    • The Real Hardware Requirements are based on my personal opinion on how the user would perceive Ubuntu when using it. Will it be slow or fast. Will it load apps quick or take longer. Is the desktop responsive or sluggish. How much resources does the distribution actually take. This are my personal hardware requirements when trying out this particular distribution, but as they are personal, they can vary from hardware to hardware and user to user. The objective is to give the user an idea of what actual requirements could be needed and proceed from there on.
  • The CPU and RAM usage is to give the end user an idea on how much that particular distribution uses when having several applications opened. This should be taken litely since the scenario could change. For example having Blender opened while rendering a video can use more CPU and RAM than having LibreOffice opened with several documents. So do not take this resource usage seriously, only use it as a basic guide, especially since the type of CPU and CPU power can dramatically change the usage value (Eg: Comparing an Intel P4 2.4Ghz with an Intel i7-4770).
  • THe CPU and RAM usage is tested AFTER the process has finished loading. This means that the CPU might spike when loading an application but will then settle after the loading process has finished. The average value when settled is the one I take into account. Same goes for RAM.
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Ubuntu

The most common and known, Ubuntu uses the Unity Desktop as default and creates an standard desktop format for TVs, smartphones and desktops. Ubuntu is not considered a lightweight distro although it works on some low end hardware.

enter image description here

Ubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 700+ MHz
    • RAM: 384 MB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 700+ MHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 5%
    • Office Apps - 8%
    • Full Apps - 10%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 500 MB
    • Office Apps - 585 MB
    • Full Apps - 860 MB
  • HDD Usage - 3.3 GB

Ubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 4 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 5%
    • Office Apps - 8%
    • Full Apps - 10%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 670 MB
    • Office Apps - 780 MB
    • Full Apps - 1.0 GB
  • HDD Usage - 3.5 GB

Notes about Ubuntu

  • Learning to use the Unity Desktop can be a bit hard in the beginning, especially if you are coming from Windows, another Linux distribution, an older version of Ubuntu or a Mac. I tested the Unity desktop (Ubuntu 14.04.1) on my wife, a friend that uses Windows 7 and another that uses Mac. I could not say anything about the environment and they had to learn on their own how to use the Dash, the Launcher, change System Settings, install and find applications, use the File manager and connect to the network.

    My wife took 30 minutes, while my Windows 7 friend took 20 minutes and my Mac friend took 10 minutes. So even if the appearance is completely different, all of them after two weeks told me positive news about how Unity behaved, from making them more productive (Quicker apps access, dash shortcuts, etc..) to simplifying steps to get a job done (Launcher, the HUD and more).

  • More than anything, for the Unity Desktop to be responsive, you need a good video card. I would recommend any video card that has 256 MB of RAM or more. With that in mind, I have actually tested 128 MB with no problem with the latest Unity, so the minimum requirements for it might be going down with newer updates.

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Kubuntu

Most Windows users love this one since the transition from Windows to the KDE desktop is very easy to grip. To top it off, KDE is known to give pretty much many customization options for the user, ranging from general ones to very specific ones. This is also considered something bad (not from me at least) because it gives you a LOT of options to customize. Don't be amazed if you find an option for your fridge there. Like Ubuntu, Kubuntu is not a lightweight distro.

enter image description here

Kubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - 2%
    • Full Apps - 4%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 270 MB
    • Office Apps - 350 MB
    • Full Apps - 640 MB
  • HDD Usage - 5.6 GB

Kubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 4 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - 2%
    • Full Apps - 4%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 410 MB
    • Office Apps - 500 MB
    • Full Apps - 870 MB
  • HDD Usage - 5.8 GB

Notes about Kubuntu

  • Has a very unique look for the installation process.
  • The installation process took a bit longer than any other Ubuntu distribution.
  • KDE is an awesome desktop with a lot of options for all users.
  • For a Desktop that offers so much, it has a pretty low resource usage. In fact, when doing some tests it showed excellent resource management. KDE has come a long way and it is awesome.
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Lubuntu

It is one of the lightweight alternatives to Ubuntu. Easy to learn and recommended for old hardware that you want to bring back to life.

  • ISO Size - 730 MB (32-bit) / 740 MB (64-bit)
  • Desktop - LXDE
  • Download - http://lubuntu.net/
  • Initial Desktop Look:

enter image description here

Lubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: Pentium II (233+ MHz) + PAE Support
    • RAM: 384 MB
    • HDD: 2.5 GB
    • VGA: 16+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: Pentium II (400+ MHz) + PAE Support
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 3 GB
    • VGA: 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 1.2+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - Less than 1%
    • Office Apps - Less than 1%
    • Full Apps - 2%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 165 MB
    • Office Apps - 196 MB
    • Full Apps - 430 MB
  • HDD Usage - 2.2 GB

Lubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ Mhz 64-bit Processor
    • RAM: 256 MB
    • HDD: 2.5 GB
    • VGA: 16+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz 65-bit Processor
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 3 GB
    • VGA: 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 1.2+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - Less than 1%
    • Office Apps - Less than 1%
    • Full Apps - 2%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 238 MB
    • Office Apps - 269 MB
    • Full Apps - 570 GB
  • HDD Usage - 2.3 GB

Notes about Lubuntu

  • The installation process is really fast.
  • Booting was very fast. It got to a point where I did not know if I had actually rebooted or not because the monitor did not refresh that fast.
  • Lubuntu is simple, fast and elegant. It uses a desktop with that Windows users will enjoy since it has the same look and feel as Windows XP.
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Xubuntu

Like Lubuntu, Xubuntu is a lightweight distribution. It offers several friendlier features than Lubuntu and it offers more customization.

enter image description here

Xubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 700+ MHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 4.5 GB
    • VGA: 16+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 700+ MHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 4.5 GB
    • VGA: 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 1.2 GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - 2%
    • Full Apps - 5%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 205 MB
    • Office Apps - 240 MB
    • Full Apps - 495 MB
  • HDD Usage - 2.8 GB

Xubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ Mhz 64-bit Processor
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 4 GB
    • VGA: 16+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz 65-bit Processor
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 5 GB
    • VGA: 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 1.2+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - 2%
    • Full Apps - 7%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 286 MB
    • Office Apps - 328 MB
    • Full Apps - 615 GB
  • HDD Usage - 2.9 GB

Notes about Xubuntu

  • The installation process is really fast.
  • Booting was very fast
  • Xubuntu is simple, fast and elegant and yet customizable, even to a point of turning it in a Windows or Mac clone.
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Edubuntu

Focused on education. The installation procedure offers many prebuilt learning packages for math, biology, drawing, chemistry, logic thinking and more.

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Unique Installation Options

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Edubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements: Standalone

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 8.6 GB to 20 GB
    • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB to 20 GB
    • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 25 GB
    • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage (Unity)
    • 0 Apps - 8%
    • Office Apps - 9%
    • Full Apps - 12%
  • RAM Usage (Unity)
    • 0 Apps - 545 MB
    • Office Apps - 670 MB
    • Full Apps - 1 GB
  • CPU Usage (Gnome Fallback)
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - 4%
    • Full Apps - 5%
  • RAM Usage (Gnome Fallback)
    • 0 Apps - 275 MB
    • Office Apps - 370 MB
    • Full Apps - 680 MB
  • HDD Usage - 6.2 GB

Edubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements: Standalone

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ Mhz 64-bit Processor
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 9 GB to 20 GB
    • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz 65-bit Processor
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB to 20 GB
  • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+

    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 32+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 1.2+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 25 GB
    • VGA (Unity): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • VGA (Gnome Fallback): 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 8%
    • Office Apps - 11%
    • Full Apps - 14%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 740 MB
    • Office Apps - 1 GB
    • Full Apps - 1.3 GB
  • HDD Usage - 6.4 GB

Edubuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements: LTSP Server

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz Core 2 Duo
    • RAM: 512 MB (+256MB Per Client)
    • HDD: 20 GB
    • NET: 100+ mbit connection
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz Quad Core
    • RAM: 4+ GB (+512MB Per Client)
    • HDD: 20 GB
    • NET: 1+ gigabit connection
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 3.2+ GHz Quad Core
    • RAM: 16 GB (Enough for a Classroom of 30 Students)
    • HDD: 50 GB
    • NET: 1+ gigabit connection (LAN + Best Router)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Edubuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements: LTSP Server

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz Core 2 Duo
    • RAM: 1 GB (+256MB Per Client)
    • HDD: 20 GB
    • NET: 100+ mbit connection
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz Quad Core
    • RAM: 4+ GB (+512MB Per Client)
    • HDD: 20 GB
    • NET: 1+ gigabit connection
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 3.2+ GHz Quad Core
    • RAM: 16 GB (Or as much as you can fit in your motherboard)
    • HDD: 50 GB
    • NET: 1+ gigabit connection (LAN + Best Router)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Notes about Edubuntu

  • In Edubuntu I do not recommend using the Unity Desktop since the Educational applications are not shown straight away. The user would need to know them first before searching for them on the Unity Dash. I recommend using the optional Gnome Fallback until the user knows the name of the apps.
  • Edubuntu comes with an amazing arsenal of tools to have a classroom operating under Linux in no time, including Student PC remote control, remote teaching, many educational applications for all levels and more. This is really an amazing distribution.
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Mythbuntu

Focused on offering a complete HTPC solution. From TV recording and similar activities to wathing a Movie or TV Series list.

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Unique Installation Options

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Mythbuntu 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 4 GB (More if used to store captured video)
    • VGA: 256+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 4 GB (More if used to store captured video)
    • VGA: 512+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.4+ GHz Dual Core / Quad Core
    • RAM: 4 GB
    • HDD: 250 GB
    • VGA: 1GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+ (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 2%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 561 MB
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 1 GB
  • HDD Usage - 2.8 GB

Mythbuntu 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 4 GB (More if used to store captured video)
    • VGA: 256+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 4 GB (More if used to store captured video)
    • VGA: 512+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 3.2+ GHz Dual Core / Quad Core
    • RAM: 8 GB
    • HDD: 500 GB
    • VGA: 1GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+ (Optionally a Capture Card)
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 4%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 665 MB
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 1.3 GB
  • HDD Usage - 3 GB

Notes about Mythbuntu

  • This is a Entertainment MythTV Ubuntu specific distribution, because of this, it does not include many applications we normally see in other flavors like an Office Suite and several system tools.
  • Mythbuntu loads automatically the MythTV Frontend (Watch TV, Movies, Music, etc..)
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Ubuntu Studio

For avid multimedia users, it focuses on the Multimedia aspects of a system, It offers video/audio design & edition, Multimedia Authoring, 2D/3D Design, several preinstalled video editors, audio editors, graphic editors, digital design, raw image applications and any other multimedia editor needed for a full blowned multimedia workspace.

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Unique Installation Options

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Ubuntu Studio 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 768 MB
    • HDD: 8.6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 512+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.4+ GHz Dual Core / Quad Core
    • RAM: 4 GB
    • HDD: 500 GB
    • VGA: 1GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 12%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 245 MB
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 780 GB
  • HDD Usage - 5.8 GB

Ubuntu Studio 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 8.8 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 512+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.4+ GHz Dual Core / Quad Core
    • RAM: 8 GB
    • HDD: 750 GB
    • VGA: 1GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 1%
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 10%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 286 MB
    • Office Apps - N/A
    • Full Apps - 890 GB
  • HDD Usage - 5.5 GB

Notes about Ubuntu Studio

  • This is a complete and amazing designed system. It has a full audio & video suite. It offers many 2D and 3D design applications and offers many multimedia apps for specific goals. Amazing.
  • Ubuntu Studio includes Wine by default.
  • By default, Ubuntu Studio does not come with any Office suite (It is a multimedia distribution), but it does offer an option to install them. For this particular distribution it offers Abiword and Gnumeric or the complete LibreOffice suite.
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Ubuntu GNOME

It offers users a sleek, fast and elegant desktop with many integrated features that work together to make the end user's life easier.

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Ubuntu GNOME 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1.5 GB
    • HDD: 6 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 7 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 256GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 8%
    • Office Apps - 9%
    • Full Apps - 17%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 445 MB
    • Office Apps - 540 MB
    • Full Apps - 845 MB
  • HDD Usage - 3.2 GB

Ubuntu GNOME 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1.5 GB
    • HDD: 6.5 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 7 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 256GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 8%
    • Office Apps - 10%
    • Full Apps - 15%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 630 MB
    • Office Apps - 745 MB
    • Full Apps - 1.2 GB
  • HDD Usage - 3.3 GB

Notes about Ubuntu Gnome

  • Because it uses the Gnome Shell, the way the user interface appears, it feels like you are using a futuristic version of some operating system. Looks very good (I feel like I am 10 Years in the future and this is coming from a 99% Unity user).
  • Similar to Unity, it has a harder learning curve, even when compared to Unity, but if you learn to use it (Took me 25 minutes the first time), you can do many things very quickly.
  • It offers many integrated features for applications like chat, webcam, documents and more, everything with a very sleek design.
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Ubuntu Kylin

Developed primarily for China, Ubuntu Kylin offers many unique features not found in other flavors of Ubuntu (Apart from Mandarin as default ^^). It originated from the Kylin operating system designed in China by the National University of Defense Technology. The name Kylin comes from the Mythical Chimerical creature Qilin, which is a creature that when it appears it means a good omen (Prosperity or Peace). It is often called the Chinese Unicorn, which would be simply amazing when Utopic Unicorn arrives.

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Ubuntu Kylin 32-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 433+ MHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 6.7 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 1 GB
    • HDD: 8 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 10%
    • Office Apps - 11%
    • Full Apps - 25%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 725 MB
    • Office Apps - 790 MB
    • Full Apps - 1 GB
  • HDD Usage - 3.7 GB

Ubuntu Kylin 64-bit

Hardware Requirements:

  • Minimum Recommended

    • CPU: 800+ MHz
    • RAM: 512 MB
    • HDD: 6.8 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • Officially Recommended

    • CPU: 1.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 2 GB
    • HDD: 8 GB
    • VGA: 128+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 1.4+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
  • My Recommendation

    • CPU: 2.0+ GHz
    • RAM: 4 GB
    • HDD: 10 GB
    • VGA: 128GB+ MB Video Capable of 1024x768 & OpenGL 2.0+
    • CD/DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media

Benchmark Tests

  • CPU Usage
    • 0 Apps - 9%
    • Office Apps - 9%
    • Full Apps - 11%
  • RAM Usage
    • 0 Apps - 712 MB
    • Office Apps - 805 MB
    • Full Apps - 1.1 GB
  • HDD Usage - 3.8 GB

Notes about Ubuntu Kylin

  • Since this is the Ubuntu distribution from China, the default language to install is Chinese (Mandarin), so you need to press F2 when the LiveDVD or LiveUSB shows up in the case you don't read Mandarin.
  • Ubuntu Kylin offers many features out of the box, like an option to quickly use the terminal in a specific place
  • It uses the Unity desktop with a blue style that delivers a more "happy" environment.
  • When turning the computer off or rebooting, it includes a cool shutdown animation.
  • On the top right corner, just below the Cog to access the Ubuntu settings, Ubuntu Kylin offers a Bandwidth Transfer Speed widget with a clean up option attached to it.
  • Ubuntu Kylin, apart from the Official Ubuntu Software Center, has it's own Software Center called, you guessed it, Ubuntu Kylin Software Center.
  • The default search engine in Firefox is Yahoo.
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