A disc check is forced by the system every 30 restarts. If you skip the disc check it will do it the next time you restart (unless you manually remove
You can force this yourself by putting a file
/ by issuing a
from the terminal.
It is not necessary to always do a check when it's prompted but should be done every now and then. You can cancel it if it is not the right moment for you at that time and let it do the file system check when it is more convenient.
You can also use
tune2fs to alter this behaviour.
sudo tune2fs -c 60 /dev/sdXY
will set this to 60 restarts.
You can also change this to a time period with
sudo tune2fs -i 30d /dev/sdXY
for 30 days or 1m for 1 month or 10w for 10 weeks.
/dev/sdXY by the device name for the partition like
/dev/sda1. You can get this name by running
sudo blkid or
ls -lA /dev/disk/by-label if the partition is labelled)
sudo dumpe2fs /dev/sda1
will show loads and loads of information. Part of this includes:
Filesystem created: Thu Feb 12 09:06:50 2009
Last mount time: Fri Aug 26 07:19:34 2011
Last write time: Fri Aug 26 07:19:34 2011
Mount count: 2
Maximum mount count: 25
Last checked: Fri Aug 12 07:22:16 2011
Check interval: 15552000 (6 months)
Next check after: Wed Feb 8 06:22:16 2012